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This page contains every turn made so far for The End of History.

Chapter 1: The End of History?

Turn 1: January 1st to June 30th 2000

Smash Mouth - All Star03:57

Smash Mouth - All Star

Turn tune

TheEndofHistoryTurn1PoliticalMap

Political map of Turn 1

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=51737601&viewfull=1#post51737601

World Events:

Armenia Causes Kerfuffle At UN: At the UN Security Council, Armenia puts forth a resolution to “return historic and culturally based Armenian land (specifically naming the Iğdır Province) from Turkey as reparations for the Armenian genocide.” The resolution receives sponsorship from Russia and support from China and France. Abstentions from the United States and United Kingdom secure the passage of the measure. While the move is non-binding, it causes a furor in Turkey, with nationalist protesters crowding Ankara and burning Armenian flags and effigies of Vladimir Putin. The Turkish government itself condemns the measure and criticizes western powers for failing to speak against it. However, they take no serious action as they are unwilling to risk disturbing their place in NATO.
State of Emergency in Moldova: Moldova is launched into a state of emergency as a number of communists are exposed for plotting to eliminate Petru Lucinschi. The whole country goes on edge as Transnistria is annexed into Russia, and the Moldovan government appeals to Romania and NATO for closer ties and support for its tiny military.
Court Rules Against Microsoft: In a precedent-setting decision, a federal court rules that Microsoft's bundling of Internet Explorer in new Windows operating systems gave them an unfair advantage in the Browser Wars, violating anti-trust laws.
Explosion in Enschede: The city of Enschede in the Netherlands is rocked by a massive explosion at a fireworks factory, killing 23.
Protesters Target WTO, IMF Meeting: The Washington A16 protests target a meeting of the WTO and IMF, as 10,000 to 15,000 protesters show their opposition to the globalized economy.
Unrecognized Republics Become Russian: In a move that threatens to upset the peace that has stood since the early ‘90s in the Caucasus and Eastern Europe, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Transnistria are admitted into the Russian Federation as autonomous republics. Georgia and Romania denounce the move and begin appealing to NATO for greater support.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton (Democratic Party)

-In an official visit to London, Bill Clinton consults with British PM Tony Blair on bringing the US-UK “special relationship” into the 21st century. Largely a feel-good meeting, both leave assured that the transatlantic alliance will remain strong in the new millennium.
-Before the heat of the presidential campaign can really begin, Bill Clinton makes state visits to Ottawa and Mexico City to assure his counterparts there that NAFTA will remain fully intact. With optimism about the global economy at such a high, both leave the meetings confident that Clinton’s successor would be crazy to tear up such a fantastic deal, and that trade nationalism is essentially dead.
-With the Passage of the Millennium Defense Spending Act, the United States sets a clear direction for its military in the 21st century. Power projection is chosen over boots on the ground, as it was in Yugoslavia. Though it may still lead to accidental civilian casualties, the American people rest assured that their young men won’t be dropped into another Vietnam.
-Lockheed Martin’s X-35 Joint Strike Fighter defeats Boeing’s X-32 and is awarded a lucrative contract to be the USAF’s next multirole fighter, deploying in 2007 and replacing the F-16, A-10 and F/A-18. Boeing executives are seen crying into the gobs of cash earned from airliner sales.
-Navy brass also receive new toys, as a number of ships are ordered by the DoD. Ingalls of Mississippi is awarded a contract for 5 Arleigh Burke-Class destroyers and 3 enhanced Ticonderoga-Class Cruisers, while Northrop Grumman is given the green light to begin work on the final Nimitz-Class Supercarrier, USS George H.W. Bush.
-However, the MDSA is no blank check for the DoD. A number of programs seen as unnecessary or not in line with current military strategy are scrapped, leading to $10 billion in cuts. Loud guffawing is heard in the Army wings of the Pentagon.
-$3 billion in savings from these cuts are fed into the Department of Education, which is used to bring a number of struggling inner-city schools up to parity. The remaining amount is tossed onto the current budget surplus, with has now surged to a whopping $245 billion.
-Senior Democrats, most significantly President Bill Clinton and First Lady Hillary Clinton campaign heavily in states such as Florida, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ohio as surrogates of Al Gore, reminding people of the strong economy, the large surplus, low unemployment and how Al Gore will continue said policies. Many pundits question how effective Bill Clinton can be as a surrogate as Republicans continue to hound him over the Lewinsky affair, but with Hillary remaining at his side, polls show this fear as largely being quelled. Indeed, most seem content to simply let the good times roll.
-Congress passes a number of acts among them, the Oceans Act of 2000, which establishes a stewardship program for the oceans and Great Lakes, as well as the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century, which sees a variety of improvements in airline safety and helps to restore public trust in the airline industry.
-After toying with the Predator drone for a while, engineers at General Atomics successfully create an Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle, or UCAV. Named the MQ-9 Reaper, it is an instant hit for both the Air Force and CIA, as its advanced avionics and integrated weapons systems allow the pilot to carry out a precision strike without ever having to leave base or take off his bunny slippers.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori (Liberal Democratic Party)

-In a significant break in Japan’s insular reputation, foreign laborers are welcomed into the country to grow the labor force so that Japanese firms can realize their full potential.
-Trade restrictions and tariffs with South Korea are relaxed and a series of state visits begin to warm ties between the old rivals. Though controversial, Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori insists that these actions are necessary to lift the country out of its recession, and the positive reaction from investors largely quells any nationalistic discontent, as does an increase in defense spending.
-The Self-Defense Forces receive a significant boost, beginning with an order for ten more Oyashio-Class attack submarines, which will complement the six that are already nearing completion. The addition of these submarines will see Japan Maritime Self Defense Forces’ projection capability significantly expanded, helping it to monitor and, if necessary, defend Japan’s outlying island territories.
-However, the SDF’s most significant advances come in the air. The Mitsubishi F-2 makes its debut as a pre-eminent multirole fighter, based on an enlarged F-16 and equipped with the new J/APG-1 radar system. The venerable F-15Js undergo renovation, receiving this new radar as well as modern infrared sensors. Information from these systems are fed into a helmet-mounted display to give the pilot a quick, thorough picture of the battlespace. The result is dubbed the F-15J “Kai” (modified).
-As if this were not satisfactory, chemists working for Mitsubishi develop a new radar-absorbent paint for these aircraft. Application of the paint results in 22% and 30% increase in detection time for the F-2 and F-15J Kai, respectively. While it’s not total stealth, and sometimes is impacted by the weather, this significantly reduces an adversary’s reaction time and preserves the element of surprise.
-In a more bizarre policy approach that could only work in Japan, several live and animated series are produced for Japanese television with strong themes of family and, more bluntly, procreation. Many of the young working women in the target audience are dismissive of these shows and wish they could have paid maternity leave, but for others, they tap into a longing for family life. Particularly effective is a rom-com anime called "Baby Craze!!" that has the titular effect for many who watch it.
-The energy sector sees a raft of new regulation intended to make it cleaner and safer, with regulations tightened on nuclear reactor companies, requiring government inspectors to have complete access to a reactor biannually, whilst subsidizing the construction of nuclear reactors. Meanwhile, a slight tax increase for coal plants is introduced, which is read by many as an indicator of the Mori administration’s future climate and pollution policy.
-Eager to encourage spending, the Japanese Central Bank takes the unusual move of introducing a negative interest rate at -.3%. This creates a greater incentive for banks to invest in the broader economy, as private banks are charged a small fee for keeping their money in the central bank rather than awarded interest. Meanwhile, a policy of quantitative easing continues, with the government buying up the assets of commercial banks. The yen is cheap, and only getting cheaper.

ChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: President/General Secretary Jiang Zemin (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Premier Zhu Rongji (Communist Party)

-The People’s Liberation Army sees modernization at a pace never seen before witnessed as professionalism and flexible response are emphasized to compete with the ultramodern militaries seen in US-backed Asian powers, including the “renegade province” of Taiwan. Though the move makes weaker nations such as the Philippines nervous, most see little reason for China to throw away its chances at continued economic growth.
-In a highly publicized event, Chinasat-22 is successfully launched into orbit, expanding China’s civilian telecom and broadcasting capabilities. Western intelligence agencies allege that the vehicle’s real name is Feng Huo-1 and is intended to facilitate military communications, but the Foreign Ministry dismisses this claim as an insult to Chinese progress.
-An anti-corruption sweep weeds out a number of party members who are given swift dismissals and swifter trials. Most of these convictions stem from graft and embezzlement in State-Owned Enterprises, and party members increasingly perceive that wearing the flashiest watches and driving the most luxurious cars is simply putting a target on one’s back.
-Under the continued Premiership of Zhu Rongji, China’s tax system and financial system are reigned in further under the central government, largely following the model of the US tax systems. State-Owned Enterprises that survive Zhu’s cuts are forced to deliver real signs of performance, and the “iron rice bowl” guarantee of cradle-to-grave employment all but disappears.
-The Chinese government continues to invite transnational corporations to set up their manufacturing in China, but the invitation is hardly necessary as these firms continue to flock to the promise of cheap labor and virtually nonexistent environmental policies. Despite still espousing communist values, Zhu’s policies have made China a darling of investors, a place where getting rich is still glorious.
-As the cell phone continues to boom in popularity among the growing middle class, the state-owned China Telecom Corporation is founded to expand cellular service. One important aspect of this company’s mandate is the expansion of mobile broadband services. This brings the rise of 2G data services around major urban centers, which becomes a popular service for businessmen wanting to stay informed 24/7.

RussiaFlag
Griffster26 - Russian Federation
Head of State: President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Mikhail Mikhailovich Kasyanov (Independent)

-The new year sees a continuation of Russian monetary policy, with Rubles being printed to combat its appreciation and make Russian goods competitive on the global market. Combined with increasing oil prices, this move helps bring signs that the shock of transition to a market economy is finally beginning to wear off.
-In a deal to boost Armenia’s air defense capabilities, a number of modern S-300V Surface-to-Air Missile systems from Russia are sold to the former Soviet Republic. Anyone wondering if the deal is just business or something more is no longer left uncertain after a spring meeting of the UN Security Council.
-At this meeting, Russia introduces a resolution to return Armenian land from Turkey as reparations for the Armenian Genocide. In addition, Russia recognizes both the Armenian Genocide and the legitimacy of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. In Turkey, the response is one of outrage, as Armenian flags and effigies of Vladimir Putin are burned in the streets at nationalist rallies attended by Turkish leaders. Azerbaijan also sees protests, but the governmental response is one of muted condemnation as its massive neighbor looms overhead.
-In a less controversial move, Russia also recognizes the independent Republic of Somaliland. It is the first nation to do so, but the move by a major world power makes many neighbors who are already trading with the impoverished nation consider reviewing its status. However, a number of Sub-Saharan nations oppose the move and call for Somalia to remain united, and out of Islamic rule.
-Egypt purchases two dozen Mi-35 Hind heavy attack helicopters and three dozen MiG-29 air superiority fighters from the Russian export agency. The purchase bolsters Egypt’s aerial capabilities and solidifies Russia’s position as the leading arms dealer in the MENA region.
-As the bombs continue to rain in Chechnya, Russia offers an ultimatum to the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Ever the pragmatist, President Aslan Maskhadov decides to turn his back on Shamil Basayev and Ibn al-Khattab and orders them arrested and all Islamist factions banned. For his obedience, Mashkadov is rewarded with the presidency of the new pro-Russian Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.
-Following this, Ingushetia is given a referendum on its status. Though most there view the new Chechnya as traitorous, when forced to choose between it or Russia, they choose Chechnya for its lower cultural distance. While the pullout of Russian forces and rebuilding support paid for by Russia calm the rage of the Chechen people for now, the possibility of renewed conflict remains.
-In a move that threatens to upset the peace that has stood since the early ‘90s in the Caucasus and Eastern Europe, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Transnistria are admitted into the Russian Federation as autonomous republics. Georgia and Romania denounce the move and begin appealing to NATO for greater support.
-In Afghanistan, the Northern Alliance receives substantial weapon sales from Russia, which are distributed via Indian intelligence. While still on the defensive, this helps the Alliance solidify its hold on its territories in spite of an onslaught of Pakistan-backed Taliban fighters.
-Recognizing that its annexations have left many of its post-Soviet neighbors in fear of the new Putin government, an attempt is made at making amends. The Holodomor, Mongolian Red Terror, the Katyn massacre, dekulakization and decossackization are all recognized and the Russian government apologizes for them. Ukraine and Poland laud the announcement as a step towards the full healing of old wounds. Mongolia is unexpectedly vociferous in their rejection of the apology as the ruling Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party seize on the statement as an attempt to coax Mongolia back into the Russian sphere of influence.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Hosni Mubarak (National Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Atef Ebeid (National Democratic Party)

-Egypt purchases two dozen Mi-35 Hind heavy attack helicopters and three dozen MiG-29 air superiority fighters from the Russian export agency. The purchase bolsters Egypt’s aerial capabilities and solidifies Russia’s position as the leading arms dealer in the MENA region.
-Seeking to curb unemployment while building its strength in the region, the poor and unemployed are encouraged to join the military. While the desired effect is more or less achieved, the addition of so many soldiers only involved for the promise of a paycheck creates doubts about the armed forces’ ability to deliver results without high casualties in the event of an actual conflict.
-Nevertheless, the Egyptian brass work to continue advancing the preparedness of their forces. A combined arms strategy is emphasized, and the new recruits are put to the task of operating heavy equipment on the training grounds. Most importantly, they are taught squad-based tactics, which could be the backbone of fighting an insurgency. For many of these new soldiers of Egypt, the military is proving to be a better school than any offered previously.
-The Egyptian government begins to improve this reputation of their educational system with the creation of new universities and trade schools that emphasize professional education. Though it increases Egypt’s deficit significantly, ministers argue that it is ultimately a necessary move if Egypt is to have any chance at competing in the global economy.
-In order to better secure its place in this global economy, the ports on the Mediterranean at Alexandria, Damietta, and Port Said see expansion to accommodate more and larger ships. This comes as part of an integrated logistical expansion that improves Egypt’s roads leading to its neighbors in Egypt in Sudan, growing the nation’s role as the transit hub of North Africa.
-In order to gain more trade to make use of this infrastructure, the Egyptian trade ministry makes a serious push to strengthen trade relations with the European Union. While the bloc is unwilling offer a proposed free trade agreement, they do agree to reduced tariffs on a number of items such as luxury goods and certain crops, though French farmers lay down a laundry list of key cash crops they demand remain protected.
-Still, Egypt’s repositioning as an infrastructure power with a more educated populace is attractive to a number of European investors. Most significantly, Mercedes-Benz breaks ground on a large factory outside Port Said, citing the position’s location as a gateway to the Middle East and the growing buying power of the Egyptian populace.
-A farm subsidy is signed that encourages the farming of the Nile River region, allowing many farmers to purchase imported western farm equipment. Though the EU is unwilling to purchase much of it due to the demands of France, sales of agricultural products among Egypt’s neighbors shoot up with their significant cost advantage.
-A free movement and settlement program is decreed for Palestinian refugees to move freely into Egypt for resettlement and eventually achieve citizenship after a mild vetting program. The move is controversial in neighboring Israel, with conservative parties warning it could make Egypt a haven for terrorism, and left-leaning parties arguing that the move takes humanitarian pressures off the Jewish state.
-Letters and postcards are sent to Coptic diaspora churches in the west, touting Egypt’s advancements in the economy and education and offering a fast path to citizenship for those who want to return to the fatherland. A number of young Copts see western businesses moving in and bringing modernity, and opt to follow.
-With abundant sunlight and vast open spaces, Egypt moves quickly into the production of solar energy. Most energy farms opt for a refined version of the solar furnace approach, using mirrors as a cost-effective but effective solution for generating steam to power electrical turbines.

PeoplesMujahideenofIranFlag
Zillamaster55 - People’s Mujahideen of Iran
Leaders: Massoud & Maryam Rajavi
Ideology: Islamic Marxism

-A spate of bank robberies sweep southwestern Iran. Though the government reports dismiss them as petty theft, the brazen, heavily armed nature of the robberies and eyewitness reports of robbers chanting leftist slogans contradict this. Equally confounding is the fact that police officers posted at these banks always seem to be absent at the time of the robbery.
-A number of training facilities are constructed at undisclosed locations for MEK members to prepare for a coming anti-government conflict. New members begin to gather at these locations as the MEK works to rebuild its image.
-Propaganda messages from the MEK begin appearing in Khuzestan first as graffiti and then as leaflets placed in mailboxes or left to blow in the wind. Though most in Iran still regard the MEK as traitors who collaborated with Iraq, their message is better received in this diverse region, as is the call for free and fair elections nationwide.
-As a significant segment of the population of Khuzestan becomes dissatisfied with the government in Tehran, a protest march thought to number almost 2,000 strong is arranged in Ahvas to call for these new elections. While the protesters come from all walks of life are not officially tied to the MEK, the government responds brutally and demands the protestors disperse. When this does not happen, more than 30 are killed in a hail of bullets. Though the government attempts to keep this news from reaching the outside world, images from the event begin to proliferate on the internet.
-In retaliation for this “Day of Martyrs,” two bombings rock police stations in the Central District of Tehran. Dozens of casualties are reported, and the MEK quickly claims responsibility, demanding blood for blood. The conflict between the Islamic Republic and the People’s Mujahideen is back in full swing.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)

-Armenia begins the millennium by offering a reset to Georgia and Azerbaijan in order to unify the Caucasus. While the move is initially welcomed, the reset is quickly spent as tensions rise in the region.
-In a deal to boost Armenia’s air defense capabilities, a number of modern S-300V Surface-to-Air Missile systems from Russia are sold to the former Soviet Republic. Anyone wondering if the deal is just business or something more is no longer left uncertain after a spring meeting of the UN Security Council.
-At this meeting, Russia introduces a resolution to return Armenian land from Turkey as reparations for the Armenian Genocide. In addition, Russia recognizes both the Armenian Genocide and the legitimacy of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. In Turkey, the response is one of outrage, as Armenian flags and effigies of Vladimir Putin are burned in the streets at nationalist rallies attended by Turkish leaders. Azerbaijan also sees protests, but the governmental response is one of muted condemnation as its massive neighbor looms overhead.
-The former prime minister of Nagorno-Karabakh and current president of Armenia Robert Kocharyan announces the introduction of the Armenian Dram to Nagorno-Karabakh as the separatist-controlled region works for closer ties with Armenia. The Azerbaijan government slams the move as a disruption of the peace process and appeals to Turkey for greater support, which begins to arrive in the form of small arms and military advisors.
-With more Armenians living abroad than in their homeland, a concerted push is made to bring back as many possible. This initiative begins with the distribution of free Armenian news and cultural literature in places with significant diaspora communities, such as Moscow and Los Angeles.
-Known as the “արտասահմանյան լեգեոնը (Artasahmanyan Legeony),” the Armenian Foreign Legion is formed as Armenia’s government-sponsored diaspora association. While formally a political group, members frequently participate in group retreats where they focus on military-style training. The organization takes the unusual move of inviting in members of the Armenian Power gang from Los Angeles, with the hope that love of the homeland will keep them from harming their neighbors.
-In another major push to convince members of the diaspora to return home and bring their education with them, government land is granted to college graduates in the diaspora as well as exemption from military service. Though many families feel they have become too far removed from the homeland, others see entrepreneurial opportunity and set off for Hayastan.
-Armenia takes several measures to reduce its tariffs and speed accession to the World Trade Organization. An Armenian trade office is opened at the World Trade Center in New York, where interested parties can directly interact with Armenian officials in order to negotiate and make deals.
-The work of Professor Vahan Hamazaspyan's solar energy program receives government funding as Armenia takes its first baby steps towards energy independence. Dozens of the devices begin construction and are sent to rural areas where they can bring solar energy to underserved communities.
-As the Armenian military begins to modernize, the armed forces begin to adopt squad-level mobile warfare tactics for infantry, adapting to a more mobile form of warfare that integrates use of vehicles and focuses on securing critical infrastructure to gain control of areas, rather than trying to assert control over the region’s vast land spaces directly.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)

-Germany presses for the rapid accession of post-Soviet states to the EU. Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and the Baltic States all have the approval of their chapters expedited and membership referendums set for the fall. With the crisis in neighboring Moldova, Romania is added to this fast track as well. Though several EU members are initially hesitant to allow such rapid accession, the resurgence of Russia as a geopolitical influence in the east convinces them to push for a more unified Europe.
-The end of the Kosovo War and the resumption of Russian expansion leads Germany to start an open debate in the European Parliament about a potential European Defense Force. Though many call the idea redundant to NATO and they are unable to leave with a favorable decision, many believe that the accession of the Visegrád Group and the Baltics next year will give them the votes they need.
-Germany renews its demand that Slobodan Milošević resign from the presidency of FR Yugoslavia and face his war crimes charges at The Hague. Predictably, he rejects this demand. His popularity is declining, however, and in the wake of corruption allegations and strengthening Pro-EU sentiment among Serbs it seems his days are numbered already.
-Career service in the Bundeswehr is promoted through advertising campaigns showing the skills and leadership opportunities available in the armed services. Applications for the alternative Zivildienst are also made stricter as objectors must prove a religious reason for their objection rather than just personal opinion. Though a few are still quick to cry fascism, the move is overall accepted as necessary for fairer terms of conscription.
-As the Bundeswehr takes in new recruits, spending is allocated to provide them with modern equipment. As expected, a large focus is placed on price, which results in additional Eurofighter Typhoons being selected over the new American Joint Strike Fighter. For the infantry, the MATADOR system is adopted to put massive, lightweight firepower in the hands of the individual soldier.
-Aiming to shift Germany’s turbulent public opinion on the issue of Atomkraft, a series of informative advertisements are put out on behalf of the nuclear energy industry. Emphasizing the urgency of defeating climate change, as well as plant safety and the ability of nuclear plants to meet Germany’s energy needs, they speak common sense to the average German and are able to weaken the “fear mongering” of the Greens.
-In hopes of drawing in foreign talent, quotas on foreign students are removed from German universities. The new term sees a flurry of applicants from German-speaking foreigners seeking the cheap, high-quality education offered by German universities.
-Known as the Moderne Gesetzesinitiative, a parliamentary commission is formed to review old and outdated laws for possible removal or clarification. First to fall are the laws against insult, either of domestic people or foreign leaders. The commission finds that insult is too difficult to define, and banning it contradicts the constitution’s guarantee of freedom of expression.
-Called the Fliegerfaust 3, the Bundesheer unveils the deployment of a new MANPAD from Airbus Group. Replacing the FIM-92 Stinger, these missiles are less easily decoyed and can detect a heat signature at longer ranges, while using an expanding-rod warhead to rip large sections off of an enemy aircraft when it comes in range.
-Restrictions on sales of German weapons are eased to include all NATO members in the former Warsaw Pact. As the Bundeswehr begins to modernize, many weapons from East Germany are transferred to the Poles, while the Baltic states place orders for the Panzerfaust 3 and MATADOR tank-killers, as well as the new Fliegerfaust 3.
-To stimulate entrepreneurship in the digital economy, the federal government introduces a measure to tax start-ups at half the rate for their first two years of operations. This initiative takes hold the strongest in Hamburg, where an existing focus on media and communications lead to the rapid growth of internet-centered companies.

Turn 2: July 1st to December 31th 2000

R.E.M04:55

R.E.M. - Losing My Religion (Official Music Video)

Turn tune

TheEndofHistoryTurn2PoliticalMap

Political map of Turn 2

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=51774344&viewfull=1#post51774344

World Events:

Tragedy in the Barents Sea: Four days after the raising of the HL Hunley, the first combat submarine, the Oscar-class submarine Kursk sinks after a mysterious explosion. Most of the crew is killed instantly, but some in compartments aft of the submarine’s reactor survive only to meet a slower death by suffocation as Russian rescue efforts flounder. The result is a public relations fiasco for the Putin government, though the next month sees them come up with an effective distraction...
A New Union: Russia proposes to re-unify with Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan. While the latter two turn down the offer in favor of simply having better economic ties, Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus accepts a generous power sharing agreement under which he and his government will share the Kremlin with Putin’s administration. Long live the Union State of Russia and Belarus.
Election 2000: After an intense campaign that goes down to the wire, Al Gore emerges victorious and is elected President of the United States. Ultimately, Gore’s association with Bill Clinton, who had a 56% approval rating on election day, was enough to secure victory by a narrow margin in spite of Bush’s doom-saying about Russian expansionism. The electoral college balance was decided by Florida, where Gore eked out a small majority by making last minute appeals to coastal towns on the urgency of defeating global warming.
Revolution in Moldova: Moldovan communists stage a day of rage to protest the arrest of Vladimir Voronin and the persecution of communists. The protests quickly break out into violence when confronted by police, followed by a series of assassinations of government leaders. The fragile government quickly folds and Voronin as well as his comrades are released from prison. Voronin is named the head of the new Moldovan Socialist Republic, which recognizes the annexation of Transnistria and begins forging closer ties with Russia, joining the Eurasian Economic Union.
Slobodan Milošević Overthrown: In what is dubbed the “Bulldozer Revolution” for its most dramatic scene, Slobodan Milošević resigns after mass protests spurred by a disputed election. The new FR Yugoslavian government is admitted to the UN, and Milošević is sent to The Hague to stand trial on charges of genocide.
Air Disaster in Paris: Air France Flight 4590, a supersonic Concorde airliner, crashes shortly after takeoff from Paris-Charles de Gaulle, with no survivors. Investigations reveal a disastrous chain of events involving a foreign object on the runway, followed by a tire rupture and critical failure of the fuel tank.
Peace in the Congo: Egypt hosts peace talks to end the Second Congo War, with main points including the disarmament of militias and rebel groups, the collective effort to arrest those accused of genocide, the withdrawal of Rwanda from the Congo, the abdication of Kabinda and establishment of a transitional government with Gizenga as HoS and Tshkendi as HoG. After some wrangling, most factions agree to the terms, though the Lord’s Resistance Army goes into hiding and a number of extremist soldiers from both sides continue to fight low-level skirmishes. Most accept an amnesty program and lay down their arms in favor of a return to private life. “Africa’s Great War” has finally ended, hopefully for good this time.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton (Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AAA (Stable Outlook)

-After an intense campaign that goes down to the wire, Al Gore emerges victorious and is elected President of the United States. Gore survives an apparent October surprise as documents surface showing apparent insider trading regarding his relationship with Apple as he prepared decisive internet-related legislation. However, the Gore campaign was able to quickly produce documents refuting the claim, and Gore successfully dismisses the allegations as “Fake News.” Ultimately, Gore’s association with Bill Clinton, who had a 56% approval rating on election day, was enough to secure victory by a narrow margin in spite of Bush’s doom-saying about Russian expansionism. The electoral college balance was decided by Florida, where Gore eked out a small majority by making last minute appeals to coastal towns on the urgency of defeating global warming. Clinton remains in power until January 20th, but most believe that his successor will largely continue the policies of this administration.
-The Clinton administration calls for renewed bilateral nuclear disarmament with Russia. With the unification of Belarus and Russia, however, the offer is turned down as the government there continues to “workout the transition period.” Most doubt that they will accept the offer anytime soon, as nationalism seems to be on the rise in the new Union State.
-However, the US does continue disarmament based on previous agreements. 300 warheads are scrapped, bringing the total down to a meager 8,060 nuclear weapons.
-The Children’s Health Act allots funding to pediatric research at the National Institutes of Health. This major research initiative seeks to understand genetic and environmental factors influencing humans during their developmental years, starting with studies to gain a better statistical understanding of possible influencing factors.
-The Shark Finning Prohibition Act prohibits the finning of sharks within United States waters as well as entry by foreign vessels with signs of finning activity aboard. Environmentalists hail the measure as a way to protect the cute, cuddly sharks from a torturous death with no dorsal fin.
-A consortium of defense manufacturers begins work on an Improved Outer Tactical Vest. Packed with body armor innovations, this vest begins to replace the Interceptor model and includes such prized features as an enhanced groin guard for protecting the family jewels.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori (Liberal Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA+ (Stable Outlook)

-After talks with the new government of the Union State of Russia & Belarus, Japan reaches an agreement to formally end the Pacific conflict of many decades prior. The Chishima (Kuril) Islands return to their 1855 boundaries, and the newly acquired territory is administered as part of Hokkaido Prefecture. Japan’s first expansion since the end of the war is hailed by nationalists, and a number of fishing facilities relocate to the islands. As part of the deal, Japan promises that the islands will not be militarized, quelling comparisons to the old Empire.
-With the change in administration approaching in the US, Japan reaffirms defense relationship with the United States, and pledges to expand intelligence sharing with the CIA. Furthermore, the US is given permission to expand its facilities on Honshu and Okinawa, as Japan hopes expanded US presence in the region can be a guarantor of peace.
-Japan arranges with the US to purchase the designs and remaining examples of the ASM-135 Anti-Satellite Missile, as well as all means needed to maintain them. Picking up where the US left off with this program, a first example is restored to working order and launched into space from an F-15J fighter. Though it is not given a target for fear of creating space debris, all indications are that the guidance systems worked properly, putting this physical solution to information age tactics back on the table.
-The SDF’s missile capabilities also expand with the purchase of 10 MIM-104 Patriot missile batteries from US contractors. These missiles serve a defensive role, not only functioning as a Surface-to-Air Missile but also an anti-ballistic missile. The missiles are stationed around Tokyo and Kyoto, where they can defend from the threat such as North Korea.
-Not satisfied with its previous approach of promoting procreation, women of Japanese birth are finally offered paid maternity leave from the government, as well as a substantially increased child benefit. While this brings signs that many more women are becoming interested in starting families, significant barriers remain as a number of large firms simply refuse to hire young women who plan to become pregnant. Financing these programs means reducing government investment into the public sector, but most see continued investment into public works as producing diminishing returns in a highly developed economy.
-A series of diplomatic visits are arranged with Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Australia. The talks aim to strengthen ties between the the Asian and Oceanian nations, and Japanese diplomats leave with a number of verbal commitments to increase intelligence sharing and military cooperation in the face of a rising China.
-A central innovation fund is established to fund loans for entrepreneurs and investors. Prospective participants in this fund will have to present their ideas at committees run by the individual prefectures, and those that make enough of an impression will see their prefecture’s portion of the fund allocated to them.
-As Japan directs greater funding into robotics in an attempt to cut down on the labor demanded by the industrial sector, a breakthrough is made in the design of robotic manipulators. The new manipulator from the Nagoya Institute of Technology combines a number of precise but strong finger-like protrusions with an independently adjusted welding torch. The new manipulator can be attached to existing industrial robots and promises to greatly increase the efficiency of machine manufacturing, especially in the key automotive sector.

ChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: President/General Secretary Jiang Zemin (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Premier Zhu Rongji (Communist Party)
Credit Rating: A (Positive Outlook)

-China’s military continues to modernize as the Norinco QBZ-95 and its variants are implemented as standard throughout the PLA. As all variants of this weapon fire the DBP-87 cartridge, riflemen and machine gunners can rearm from the same sources, streamlining logistics.
-The anti-corruption drive continues as the government expands the campaign down to lower levels of the party. General Secretary Jiang pledges that “every tiger and every flea” of corruption will be purged, and members at all level of the party find themselves restrained not only in their spending and use of public funds, but also in their interactions with the rest of the party, fearing that criticism of the leading figures could lead them to be investigated.
-As China’s economy continues to privatize under the leadership of Zhu Rongji, it is decided that the next step should be further globalization. The Pan-Asian Economic Association is formed as a multilateral free trade area, with India joining as a founding member. Free trade between the two largest developing economies in the world increases greatly, and the historical rivalry between them appears to simmer down, at least at the governmental level.
-In addition to this, China joins the World Trade Organization and begins implementing this organization’s required reforms, including the adoption of anti-dumping laws that prevent it from offloading unwanted products on a country at obscenely low prices.
-As relations between China and India improve, the Indian government makes the shocking decision to cede China’s territorial claims in Arunachal Pradesh. Though the transfer is not publicized by either side and not recognized on official maps, Indian nationalists do not take long to discern the truth about what has taken place in the region. Riots strike Dibrugarh and protesters take to the streets of New Delhi to demand the government resign in favor of a new party that will fight for Indian soil that has cost a great deal of blood already.
-As Mongolia shifts to Chinese influence after the People’s Revolutionary Party sweeps legislative elections, China moves to position itself as the sole guarantor of Mongolia’s political independence. The announcement is seen as being positioned against the new Union State of Russia and Belarus, as a way of warning them against attempts at further expansion.
-China takes strides in its contribution to the Human Genome Project, taking advantage of its massive and widespread population to gather additional data and identify more never-before seen genes that will bring scientists to a closer understanding of what composes human beings, and what we can do to predict future health outcomes.

BelarussiaFlag
Griffster26 - Union State of Russia and Belarus
Heads of State: Co-Presidents Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party) & Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)
Heads of Government: Co-Chancellors Mikhail Mikhailovich Kasyanov (Independent) & Vladimir Yermoshin (Independent)
Credit Rating: B (Positive Outlook)

-Russia proposes to re-unify with Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan. While the latter two turn down the offer in favor of simply having better economic ties, Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus accepts a generous power sharing agreement under which he and his government will share the Kremlin with Putin’s administration. Once again, the Kremlin's banner flies over Minsk unopposed. Long live the Union State of Russia and Belarus.
-Under the new government’s system, the presidency of the Union State is shared between the elected president of Russia and the president of Belarus. The same applies to the Prime Minister’s office, which is renamed the Union Chancellery. The State Duma and National Assembly function as regional bodies for affairs only impacting one part of the union, while both must approve actions that affect both parts, such as foreign relations. This is seen as an incredible promotion for Lukashenko, though many speculate that he is and will remain the junior partner in the relationship.
-Egypt signs a free trade agreement with the newly formed Union State of Russia & Belarus. It is hoped that the bilateral elimination of tariffs and other barriers to trade will lift the economies of both these developing states.
-The Union State reinstates conscription for all eligible males for a three-year period. This swells the ranks of the Union’s army and only increases the nervousness of its neighbors. Though many of the youth find it distasteful, there is a certain patriotic fervor among the populace as the new nation continues to reunify with territory lost in the breakup of the last Union.
-The influence of the Union State continues to grow in Eurasia as the Eurasian Economic Union is formed at the Union State’s direction. All Commonwealth of Independent States members are invited into this trade bloc, and Armenia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan elect to join as founding members.
-Russian support of the Northern Alliance continues as Massoud’s forces wage a bloody defense against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda, whose forces have been bolstered by Islamist fighters who fled the conflict in Chechnya and are now seeking to establish their emirate in Afghanistan.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Hosni Mubarak (National Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Atef Ebeid (National Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: BBB (Positive Outlook)

-As its military continues to grow and train, Egypt begins to purchase and stockpile weaponry and equipment that can fully equip its forces and provide them with diverse capabilities. Adopting a doctrine of mobile warfare, a number of M1A1 kits are procured from the United States, as are M2 Bradley AFVs. For the infantry, M16 rifles are ordered en masse to standardize their kits. M198 howitzers are also obtained as Egypt modernizes its artillery units and discards older Soviet models.
-The Air Force also sees an expansion of its capabilities as the newly imported MiG-29 fighters receive air-to-ground weapons for their hardpoints, including S-8 rocket pods for use against infantry positions and Kh-29 guided missiles which can be used against enemy armor and structures.
-Facing a perfect storm of desertification, Egypt founds a Department of Reforestation to monitor the use of agricultural lands and ensure the most water-efficient practices are used as Egypt’s industrial agriculture economy expands, while funding research to see if the process can be reversed.
-One of the first successes in this area comes from Alexandria University, where scientists exploring genetic engineering successfully breed a highly drought-resistant orange. The discovery is quickly applied to other citrus plants, and the Department of Reforestation hopes to apply this to staple crops such as corn over the next year.
-To increase uptake of STEM programs at Egyptian universities, the government introduces a tuition waiver program allowing students who study in these fields to attend university for free, under the contractual obligation that they will continue to work in these fields for at least 5 years after graduation.
-Egypt continues to expand its solar farm program along the Nile in hopes of spreading cheap, clean energy from the solar furnaces. The furnaces allow for separate grids that bring electricity to more remote communities than previously.
-Offering food aid “From Africa, for Africa,” Egypt begins to contribute to the World Food Programme efforts in Ethiopia and the Congo, purchasing cereals and other foodstuffs from Egyptian farmers for the effort.
-The Egyptian government begins to buy up shares in the National Bank of Egypt, exerting more direct control over the policy of the nation’s largest bank. Taxation on the banking is also decreased as a whole, encouraging them to participate in investment activities throughout the Egyptian economy.
-Tax breaks are also granted to western cell phone carriers who wish to do business in Egypt. Deutsche Telekom AG of Germany and Orange SA of France sign a deal to enter the Egyptian market and construct towers, bringing more competition and coverage to the Egyptian telecom market.
-Egypt signs a free trade agreement with the newly formed Union State of Russia & Belarus. It is hoped that the bilateral elimination of tariffs and other barriers to trade will lift the economies of both these developing states.
-Egypt officially recognizes the Armenian Genocide, and encourages other Arab states to do so as well. While many choose keeping warm ties with Turkey over acknowledging this act of genocide, Iraq and Libya both take the opportunity to thumb their noses at the NATO member.
-Egypt hosts peace talks to end the Second Congo War, with main points including the disarmament of militias and rebel groups, the collective effort to arrest those accused of genocide, the withdrawal of Rwanda from the Congo, the abdication of Kabinda and establishment of a transitional government with Gizenga as HoS and Tshkendi as HoG. After some wrangling, most factions agree to the terms, though the Lord’s Resistance Army goes into hiding and a number of extremist soldiers from both sides continue to fight low-level skirmishes. Most accept an amnesty program and lay down their arms in favor of a return to private life. “Africa’s Great War” has finally ended, hopefully for good this time.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)
Credit Rating: BB- (Positive Outlook)

-Armenia’s economy begins to look outwards as it becomes a founding member of the Eurasian Economic Union, hoping that by uniting with the economies of its regional allies it can build a better economic future. Armenia also signs a free trade deal with Egypt after its ambassador partakes in a ceremony to formally recognize the Armenian Genocide. Though separated by distance, the two nations are able to diversify the products offered to their citizens at lower prices.
-The solar panel design that began manufacturing earlier in the year is offered to nations near and far. Many are purchased in the rural Russian Steppe and Mongolian plains, where they can bring electricity for a lower price than western designs. It is hoped by many Armenians that this will be the country’s introduction to light industrial production and aid in its development.
-This technology sees a significant improvement as precise machine tooling is imported and gives the solar panel a more efficient reflector, which allows more sunlight to reach the main receiver at any time of day, and reducing the need to reorient the device every so often.
-Expanding on this technological achievement, more funding is poured into green energy technologies. With a new American president who ran on a platform against climate change, Armenia is clearly hoping to position itself as a leading purveyor of green energy technology.
-Diplomats are sent to Georgia in an attempt to repair neighborhood relations. Though little progress is made as the Georgians are busy living in terror of their former overlords, they agree to maintain cordial relations and regard the Armenians as a separate entity from the rest of the EEU, and recognize the Armenian Genocide.
-Failing that, attention is turned to Azerbaijan as an attempt is made to peacefully resolve the status of Nagorno-Karabakh. This effort falls flat as suspicions run high between the two nations after a series of high profile assassinations of Azerbaijani parliamentarians. Though no conclusive evidence exists to pin these actions on Armenia, it is enough to block any warming of relations between the two.
-Spetsnaz trainers from the new Union State arrive to train an elite Armenian commando force. These soldiers are subjected to grueling training, but those that make it out the other side emerge with capabilities that set them a cut above most forces in the region. However, it will take experience to unlock their full capabilities.
-Draconian anti-corruption laws are put into place that target Armenia’s mafia-esque business subculture, exempting none and imposing heavy jail sentences for those caught. It is hoped that these measures will help to attract foreign investment and otherwise improve Armenia’s reputation for doing business.
-In an effort to help Armenians rediscover their culture, the History Museum in Yerevan sees extensive renovation and the purchase of a few works from private owners to spruce up its displays. Official government grants are also given in foreign countries for the promotion of Armenian artistic, cultural, and historical learning, which begins to draw a bit more attention to this small nation.
-The Armenian government takes out a series of loans to stabilize its economy, boost the new energy sector, and finish rebuilding work in the 1988 earthquake zone. Creditors will be watching closely over the coming years to determine Armenia’s ability to pay back.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AAA (Stable Outlook)

-With founding of the Union State and the overthrow of the government in Moldova, Germany presses its NATO allies to admit as many of the bulging superpower’s neighbors as possible. With the endorsement of the other allies, Romania, the Baltic states, Poland, and the Czech Republic are all admitted to the defensive pact and commit to meeting alliance standards for readiness in the event of an unthinkable conflict.
-To boost the defenses and speed up the adoption of NATO standards in the new members, these nations as well as Turkey are given the chance to buy German-manufactured weapons and equipment with the German government matching 25% of the price tag. German companies also receive a formal removal of their restrictions on sales of weapons to the former Warsaw Pact and indeed most nations where UN arms embargoes do not apply. American weapon manufacturers see the action as a slight, but Germany reminds them that decisive action needs to be taken to rearm nations threatened by the Union State. This includes the non-NATO ally of Georgia, which decides to invest in modern Leopard 2A4 tanks and dozens of the new Fliegerfaust 3 system.
-Germany officially denounces the maneuvering of the Union State and Armenia in the Caucasus. Chancellor Schröder make it unambiguous that in any attack on Turkey’s sovereignty, NATO will quickly become involved. To soften the harsh message, Germany officially acknowledges the Armenian genocide and warns that worse things could come to.
-The Bundeswehr undertakes a major force readiness campaign, starting with a series of military exercises in the former East Germany. Officers from the new NATO states are invited to join and hone their skills, as well as learning NATO practices for military operations.
-Force readiness is also applied to equipment, as the Panzerfaust 44 is retired and replaced with the PzF 3, and new Fliegerfaust 3 systems are distributed widely among German units to ensure they are prepared for any aerial assault. An even larger expenditure comes in the purchase of 50 Eurofighter Typhoons, with many fitted to carry out Suppression of Enemy Air Defenses (SEAD) using ALARM anti-radar missiles purchased from the UK. With these purchases, Germany has made itself the linchpin of NATO and the EU’s defenses in eastern Europe.
-With pro-nuclear sentiment on the rise, ground is broken on a new nuclear power plant with all the most modern fittings outside Neubrandenburg to serve the former East Germany. The government hopes that the renovation and improvement of the power grid here will speed the post-reunification development of the region.
-Rheinmetall Landsysteme debuts a new mobile mid-range Surface-to-Surface Missile System. Called the Hochmobiles Raketensystem, this system can deliver a missile on target with a range of around 450 kilometers, while the Transporter-Erector-Launcher features a design that makes it difficult to pick up on ground-scanning radar systems.

VietnamFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Communist Party)
Credit Rating: BB- (Positive Outlook)

-In a surprising reform, political parties other than the Communist Party of Vietnam are allowed to form and compete for seats in the National Assembly. Though at least 50% of the body must remain controlled by the CPV at all times, ensuring that the government rarely has any trouble railroading through legislation, the reform means that politicians will be able to at least debate any new measure and show their opposition. After a snap election to implement the reform, the CPV retains a 55% majority, with a big-tent Democratic Coalition receiving 35% of the seats and the rest going to independent politicians.
-In another sign that Vietnam is slowly opening up to democratic practices, the printing and distribution of privately-operated newspapers is legalized. Government-run newspapers remain dominant, and the independent media is still expected to self-censor, but the dissemination of limited political discourse finally begins in earnest.
-Restrictions on religion are loosened as the government officially allows all religious practices so long as they are performed on private land or in private homes. Though missionary work performed in public remains illegal, Buddhism sees renewed interest among Vietnamese who practice at home, while the Catholic Church and Latter-Day Saints begin a renewed effort to get people in their doors.
-An infrastructure program is implemented that sees the building of paved roads in rural areas, with the eventual goal of reaching every remote town and village, conquering the dense jungles and improving the mobility of people and goods across the country.
-Aiding this road construction effort, the builders often implement Bioasphalt, which converts biological refuse generated by the jungle-clearing into pavement for the roads. While not enough can be generated to pave all of Vietnam’s new roads, the result is drastic reduction in the oil imports (and associated costs) needed to complete the project.
-The sea ports at Da Nang, Hai Phong, and Ho Chi Minh City are expanded to increase their capacity for handling imports, with new cranes and larger berths constructed. The government hopes that this will increase the attractiveness of Vietnam for major transnational firms that rely on strong import/export capabilities in their operations.
-Vietnam joins the International Wildlife Conservation Association, much to the delight of environmentalists. It sets aside vast swathes of the deep jungles as protected zones, with hopes of slowing the die out of the endangered Indochinese Tiger.
-The remainder of the jungle is opened up to logging by private timber businesses, which begin to clear them out and send the timber along to construction companies. The cleared land remains the domain of the government, to be used and distributed as they see fit.
-The Foreign Ministry issues an official apology both to the people of Vietnam and France for war crimes committed by the Viet Minh during its wars against France and Japan. The result is a nominal improvement in Vietnamese-French relations, though the omission of any apology for the actions of the Viet Cong leads many in the west to disregard the apology.
-After talks with the government of Laos, the two neighbors agree to strengthen their economic ties by making their border more open. The landlocked country is given tax-free access to Vietnam’s ports for Laotian businesses that wish to use them to export and import goods, while workers from both countries are allowed to cross the border freely at regular intervals to seek employment or go to work.
-Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia join together in an infrastructure program designed to integrate roads, bridges, and railways between the three nations, as well as founding an “East Indochina Infrastructure Bank” through which to fund improvements to these infrastructure resources.
-Much to the surprise of many nationalists in the region, Vietnam begins a policy of detente with the People’s Republic of China. The move ensures that any tensions over the borders or islands claimed by the two sides are resolved through dialogue, rather than posturing or worse, force.
-A trade deal with Iran is pushed through as Vietnam seeks increased access to oil resources. In exchange for Iranian oil, tariffs on Vietnamese lumber and other exports are cut significantly. The Iranian government readily seizes the opportunity, glad to see someone willing to do business with them in spite of the recent instability.

Turn 3: January 1st to June 30th 2001

C&C - Red Alert 2 - Destroy HQ04:39

C&C - Red Alert 2 - Destroy HQ

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Political map of Turn 3

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=51819676&viewfull=1#post51819676

World Events:

The Invasion of Moldova: Angered by the communists’ violent overthrow of a pro-European government, and with the backing of the EU and NATO, Romanian armored columns begin rolling into Moldova. Facing only a demoralized Moldovan Army that is unwilling to fight an unwinnable war for the new regime, the Romanians quickly take control of the whole nation, save for Transnistria, as they still dare not risk confrontation with the Union State of Russia and Belarus. Voronin and his government flee to Transnistria when it becomes apparent that the Russians will not risk a conflict with the West over their tiny ally. A communist insurgency continues to target the Romanian peacekeepers and transition government as a new elections are prepared that see the Communist Party banned. The continent will be on edge to see if these elections return the turbulent nation to the path of democracy for good.
Turmoil in the Gulf: Saddam Hussein’s second son Qusay Hussein is shot dead by a gunman outside his home in Baghdad seconds before his assailant can be neutralized by bodyguards. The gunman appears to be of Iranian ethnicity and bears a pocket-sized photo of Ayatollah Ali Khameni on his person. Though Iran disavows the attack, Saddam is blinded by rage at the death of his son and orders Scud missile attacks on the Iranian oil facilities at Kharg Island. The Iranians are eager to whip up patriotism following the terrorist events of the previous year and order a massive assault on Basra and the Al-Faw peninsula. While the operation successfully captures these objectives, casualties are massive on both sides, particularly for the Iranians who face superior armored forces and possess only modest air superiority. More ominous is Saddam’s announcement that Iraq will resume building nuclear weapons, followed quickly by a similar announcement out of Tehran. The conflict causes oil prices to rise substantially, and the US once again sends a carrier task force to escort the valuable oil tankers
The Turning Tide in Afghanistan: As the Union State of Russia & Belarus steps up its support to the Northern Alliance, Massoud’s forces make their first significant territorial gains against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda since the fall of Kabul in 1996. Using their numbers advantage, islamist extremists hurl themselves at Northern Alliance forces but are unable to stop a slow creep forward by the better equipped moderates. Hailed as a hero by the international community, Massoud is invited to speak at the European Parliament in Brussels. In his speech, he warns European and American leaders that Bin Laden is planning imminent attacks on the West as a way of lashing out against this military setback. While his evidence is not enough to substantiate the claims, it is enough to fill many in the audience with unease.
Nationalist Revolt in India: In the wake of China’s silent annexation of Arunachal Pradesh, nationalist protests escalate into revolution in New Delhi. China sends riot police to shut down any unrest in its newly acquired territory and also arms Indian police against the rioters, but the move proves insufficient as the Indian military decides to depose the government for treason and hold snap elections, which are handily won by the ultranationalists. The new government mobilizes the armed forces into a standoff on the border with China and begins appealing to its traditional ally, the Union State, seeking greater aid against their rapidly expanding common foe.
Mongolia Unites Under Chinese Rule: In a move that stuns Asia, the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party votes in favor of annexation by China. Chairwoman Uyunqimg accepts a generous buyout package as Inner and Outer Mongolia are fused together into the Mongolian Autonomous Region, governed by the MPRP. Many Mongolian nationalists reject the move, and protests and occasional riots strike Ulaanbaatar. The self-immolation of a nationalist Lama receives widespread media coverage in the west, but with the papers censored and the internet inaccessible for most, the shocking images do not see widespread domestic circulation.
Democracy Returns to Egypt: Snap elections are held for the Presidency and Egyptian Parliament as the end of emergency rule signals a return to democracy. With the Muslim Brotherhood remaining banned from politics, Egypt’s Air Force Commander and close Mubarak associate Ahmed Shafik sweeps the elections. Largely an endorsement of the status quo, his victory shows the divisions among political islamists whose only representation is the Salafist Al-Nour Party. This is similarly reflected in parliament, where a secular liberal coalition led by the Free Egyptian Party maintains a 60% majority over a number of islamist parties.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President Albert Arnold “Al” Gore (Democratic Party)

-Germany and the United States offer diplomatic and materiel support to Romania as the Romanian Senate debates intervention to restore democratic governance in its neighbor and erstwhile ally, Moldova. With this assurance, Romania goes through with the plans and its army quickly absconds with the tiny nation, facing only a minimal communist insurgency.
-The US’s post-Nixon detente with China continues as President Gore makes his first state visit abroad to the nation’s largest trading partner. Gore takes the time there to discuss mutual agreements on foreign policy, and congratulates China on its adoption of normalized tax systems modelled after those of the US, as well as its crackdown on corruption. After China annexes Mongolia months later, this relationship is thrown into doubt as the public waits to see if the Gore administration will accept the action as the will of the Mongolian people or change its course on China.
-In a later visit to Eastern Europe, Gore pledges his support to whatever decision the Romanians make with regards to Moldova, including small amounts of arms support. He also visits Ukraine less than a year after his predecessor, urging President Leonid Kuchma to use his relations with the Union State in a manner that does not result in exploitation by the Russians. With the recent expansions of the Union, many Ukrainians are looking nervously at Crimea and the east, and Ukrainians of both ethnicities debate whether they should seek better ties with the Union or NATO and the EU to maintain their unity.
-To underscore this message, US satellite surveillance of Eastern Europe intensifies, especially over the frozen conflict lines in Georgia and Transnistria. US Defense and intelligence agencies are keen not to miss any sign that a further expansion by the burgeoning Union State could be in the papers.
-The US reinforces its bases in Japan with the Patriot Missile System. Already well-received by the host nation, these missiles will shore up the defenses of these vital US installations in the region against any threat from above.
-In his inaugural speech, President Gore stuns onlookers by reiterating Kennedy’s legendary promise to go to the moon by the end of the decade. For this initiative, Gore requests $30 Billion for NASA from Congress. Hardcore fiscal conservatives initially laugh it off as another example of Democratic waste, but with public enthusiasm for a return to serious space activity high, enough Congressmen are able to be strong armed into allowing this budget provision to pass. NASA engineers and scientists plan a visit lasting several days that would lay the groundwork for a longer visit and eventually colonization.
-The latest congressional budget also includes a provision subsidizing biomedical engineering firms that work on prosthetic solutions for amputees, in a quest to provide more reliable and precise prosthetic limbs. Success in this field is of particular interest to the Department of Veteran’s affairs, which can use prosthetic limbs to rehabilitate America’s past and present wounded warriors.
-Observers of White House press briefings on the situations in Moldova notice a marked improvement in the quality of declassified satellite imagery presented to them. While no comment is offered about developments in this area, defense analysts speculate that new lenses and data transmission methods have been included in a recent launch.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori (Liberal Democratic Party)

-A joint maritime and air exercise is proposed between Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, and Australia for the end of the year. With no RIMPAC exercises scheduled, and the first signs of Chinese expansionism turning heads among regional leaders, the other parties quickly agree that a show of force readiness is in order and schedule joint exercises off the east coast of Okinawa.
-The Maritime Self-Defense Forces and Air Self-Defense forces are ordered to step up their coordination, effectively joining together at the hip to adopt a strategy that can better defend the nation’s island assets. While the objective is to better prevent any adversary from reaching land, landing forces also see preparation as the JMSDF’s small force of LSTs practice landing operations on the recently reclaimed Chishima islands. These operations are all overseen from far above as Japan prepares for the possibility of a conflict that moves into space, where the ability to blind enemy reconnaissance satellites presents a significant advantage. Several units from each branch of the Self-Defense Forces bind together into a battlegroup that will train on this strategy and act as the model for future units.
-As Japan’s aerial and naval forces work to more closely integrate their capabilities, a new common Ship-Aircraft-Control Center Datalink is unveiled. This system is a revolution in high-tech warfare, as allows radar and sensor systems from all of these different systems to share the position of detected objects instantaneously. The full capability of the system is displayed when an unarmed F-2 fighter “shoots down” an F-4 target drone, using the datalink to share the drone’s position with a Sea Sparrow from the JS Kirisame, which was not operating its own radar during the test.
-With the success of its ASM-135 test, the missile is ordered back into serial production under the new designation ASM-3. The slightly revised model integrates the new datalink system, allowing it to coordinate with aircraft, AEGIS cruisers, and command centers.
-The Marine Self-Defense Forces continue to expand as a pair of additional Murasame class destroyers are commissioned to complement those already being constructed. With more territory acquired to cover in the northern regions, additional ships are always welcomed by the MSDF brass.
-Redesignated as “SAM-1,” the Patriot Missile System is stationed on Hokkaido and Okinawa. By expanding to these critical flanks, Japan’s missile defenses form a more comprehensive umbrella with which to shield all of Japan’s islands against enemy attack.
-Described by many as a “fleet of bats,” the JASDF applies its new stealth coating to all its combat and support aircraft, including the F-2, F-15J, E-767, and KC-767. Every bit of reduced detectability counts in the modern air combat environment, and will be worthwhile even if it sometimes comes at the expense of good looks.
-As interest in family life begins coming back to the fore with the introduction of state-sponsored maternity benefits, a new media push is made to encourage people to get busy. Focusing this time on relatability, a number of television serials are announced depicting the themes of the rewards and compromises of family living. A particularly popular series is a sitcom about a young family with strict grandparents, whose title roughly translates as “Shit My Mother-in-Law Says.” The new series is frequently quoted in office environments, where discussion of family life was previously much less common.
-The new enhanced manipulator is produced for adoption across multiple industries. It proves particularly popular in the nuclear industry, where the device can be attached as an augmentation to existing robots and perform complex operations in hazardous environments.
-In order to further shore up public confidence in nuclear power, nuclear facilities in coastal regions receive flood protections that can seal the reactor complex against a tsunami or storm surge from a typhoon. All plants across the nation receive additional earthquake-resistance measures, as this threat exists nationwide on the Ring of Fire.
-Furthering the shift towards clean, independent energy generation, a small tax is imposed on coal and gas power plants in hopes of encouraging more private sector investment in alternative sources of energy.

ChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: President/General Secretary Jiang Zemin (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Premier Zhu Rongji (Communist Party)

-In a move that stuns Asia, the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party votes in favor of annexation by China. Chairwoman Uyunqimg accepts a generous buyout package as Inner and Outer Mongolia are fused together into the Mongolian Autonomous Region, governed by the MPRP. Many Mongolian nationalists reject the move, and protests and occasional riots strike Ulaanbaatar. The self-immolation of a nationalist Lama receives widespread media coverage in the west, but with the papers censored and the internet inaccessible for most, the shocking images do not see widespread domestic circulation.
-Nevertheless, the Chinese quickly set to work incorporating their newly acquired territory. The border between inner and outer Mongolia is broken down and the road networks are integrated and improved in the region, while Chinese mining firms move in to exploit the region’s vast copper resources.
-A free trade pact is signed between China and Armenia. Cheap Chinese products quickly flood the Armenian economy, and many previously inaccessible items become affordable to the average Armenian. Luxury goods made in China are frequently seen in the households of Armenia’s growing middle class. For their part, the Armenians’ inexpensive but effective solar array become popular in China’s rural areas, including the newly acquired Mongolia, as it is more robust than Chinese designs for roughly the same price.
-With extreme population densities in the cities and incredible urban sprawl, China’s largest cities begin looking downwards to accommodate new growth. Underground metro systems see new lines announced and vast urban complexes begin construction underneath the cities, allowing shopping malls, offices, and more to be built in convenient central locations where real estate prices are at huge premiums. Natural sunlight is brought in through specialized tubes to keep a pleasant aura, though apartment developers do not see many upper class takers for the subterranean spaces.
-With greater open spaces to patrol than ever before, Chinese mechanized forces begin to modernize their doctrine and equipment. Soviet-based designs are thrown to the scrap heap to make more of the Type 96 tank and other fully indigenous armored designs. Doctrine is revised to make them evasive to air power, with smoke screens and topside reactive armor implemented across the mechanized forces.
-The PLAAF also receives a modern addition to its forces with the unveiling of the KJ-2000 Airborne Early Warning and Control System. Built on an Il-76 airframe but containing entirely domestic electronics, this aircraft expands the detection range of its predecessor and has a greater capacity for directing friendly aircraft. Its designers claim a detection range that exceeds that of Japan’s E-767 by more than 100 kilometers, which if true could be an important edge in addressing the stealthy Japanese fleet.
-China pitches the idea of increased political, economic and military organization to its neighbors under the auspices of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. While Uzbekistan opts to join, it is speculated that members of the Eurasian Economic Union are considering bowing out of the organization in response to the annexation of Mongolia, seeing the pact as a front for greater Chinese influence.

EurasianRussiaFlag
Griffster26 - Union State of Russia and Belarus
Heads of State: Co-Presidents Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party) & Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)
Heads of Government: Co-Chancellors Mikhail Mikhailovich Kasyanov (Independent) & Vladimir Yermoshin (Independent)

-A delegation travels to Georgia to attempt to normalize relations in exchange for economic and military support. While the visit is cordial, little progress is made as Georgians view the events in Moldova and expect NATO to come to the rescue if any further Russian advances are made.
-Transnistrian president Igor Smirnov meets with Moldovan communist representatives in Chisinau to congratulate them on the success of the resolution. Friendly relations with Moldova do not last long, however, as Romanian forces roll in and show the communists the door. After a brief period of warm relations between the Transnistrians and Moldovans, the Transnistrians find themselves hosting Voronin’s government in exile.
-The Union State’s ambassador meets with President Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal of Somaliland and sends advisers to train and modernize its military in exchange for a Russian naval base in Berbera. Egal eagerly accepts the agreement, and Somaliland celebrates finally being legitimized by a major foreign power as well as the jobs hosting the Russians will bring.
-Union State support of the Northern Alliance continues as heavy weapons and additional helicopter transports are sent to Massoud’s forces. Though the Taliban and Al-Qaeda are growing increasingly ferocious, this support allows the Northern Alliance to slowly begin turning the tide and make small gains in the face of the Islamist horde.
-The Union State rejects China’s annexation of Mongolia, declaring it to be the product of long-term Chinese interference in the democratic processes of their southern neighbor. Tensions between the two are at a high not seen since the Sino-Soviet Split, and leaked cables reveal that several of China’s EEU neighbors are reconsidering previous offers on even closer ties with Moscow, fearing they might otherwise be next.
-After a clear referendum landslide of over 70%, Volgograd is once again renamed to Stalingrad as a way of honoring veterans who turned the tide of the eastern front there. Many moderates oppose the invoking of the Soviet dictator’s name, but more see Stalin as the leading figure who saved Russia and Belarus from the Nazis, or are willing to accept the renaming in context. This opinion is also reflected in the replacement of the fusion flag, carrying a red star once more.
-Across the Union State, a sweeping anti-drug program is implemented to attempt to bring an end to the drug crisis. Rather than focus on criminal prosecution of pushers, users are referred to clinics and rehabilitation programs, supporting users who want to get clean in an attempt to save families from the financial ruination and losses that come from drug addiction.
-The Ruble is introduced throughout the Eurasian Economic Union to smooth out transactions and trade, with common monetary policy set by Moscow. Quantitative easing continues as the central bank works to make the Ruble a stable currency that can serve as the EEU’s economic backbone. The only member of the EEU to reject this measure is Armenia, which opts to keep the Dram as its currency and set independent monetary policy.
-No longer the economic “Wild West” for large corporations owned by foreigners and oligarchs, Russia’s largest corporations see a tax hike that is used to fund public welfare and works projects, especially in the poor regions of Siberia. It is not enough to dissuade most businesses, however, as running away from the taxes would also mean missing out on the growth of the Union State economy.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)

-In a move that reassures many Egyptians, the State of Emergency that has been in place for decades is finally removed. Constitutional rights such as habeas corpus are restored, pleasing human rights groups. Military brass receive assurances that their status will be unchanged with the restoration of the old status quo, but the right of the military to arrest civilians and try them in military courts is rescinded.
-Snap elections are held for the Presidency and Egyptian Parliament as the end of emergency rule signals a return to democracy. With the Muslim Brotherhood remaining banned from politics, Egypt’s Air Force Commander and close Mubarak associate Ahmed Shafik sweeps the elections. Largely an endorsement of the status quo, his victory shows the divisions among Political Islamists whose only representation is the Salafist Al-Nour Party. This is similarly reflected in parliament, where a secular liberal coalition led by the Free Egyptian Party maintains a 60% majority over a number of Islamist parties.
-With Egypt’s urban areas crowded with small ramshackle homes, a large public housing project is announced that brings new apartments and tenement houses that will cut down on urban crowding. While sparsely equipped and often themselves crowded, this moves people off the streets and makes the cities generally more attractive to outsiders.
-Outside the cities, unimproved roads are paved with tarmac as links between rural and urban communities are improved. Transit between urban and rural areas sees improvement as well as ground is broken on an Alexandria-Cairo high speed rail link. Traveling along the route of the ancient Agricultural Road, this train will employ superelevated curves and modern Siemens trainsets to reduce travel time between the two to about an hour on express trains.
-After its success in settling the war in the Congo, Egypt proposes reorganizing the Organisation of African Unity as a more unified body with its own central bank and security council. The “African Union” is declared, and members of the former OAU agree to headquarter the body in Cairo, with political centers in Lagos and Johannesburg. The body hopes to bring peace to the continent and attempt to fix the many problems of ethnic rivalry and poverty which they largely attribute to the colonial era.
-The new body sees a number of Egypt-led initiatives. The first is a proposal for free movement between the member nations for those seeking work. Protectionists around the conservative states of the AU shoot down the proposal. Next, the Egyptians attempt to work with the Somali government to end the civil war there by granting autonomous powers to rebellious regions. The arrival of the Union State of Russia & Belarus in Berbera dooms this initiative to fall flat on its face, as Somaliland is emboldened further to seek full independence. While Egypt’s initiatives at the AU have been unsuccessful, they have proven to be valuable experiences in testing the waters and limitations of the new political bloc.
-With the reinstatement of democratic rule, a constitutional amendment grants the National Bank of Egypt power to set interest rates, similar to the US Federal Reserve. Interest rates are lowered on loans and savings accounts as the government encourages citizens to spend money and take out loans to become entrepreneurs who might lead Egypt’s economy in the years to come. This move is supplemented by a general deregulation of existing small businesses and cutdown on the bureaucracy needed to create new ones.
-Tourism is encouraged as tax breaks are announced for the construction of new resorts, hotels, and casinos in order to bring in foreign money. Resorts at Luxor and Sharm El-Sheikh are expanded and improved, as the liberalization of Egypt brings greater outside interest to the Land of the Pyramids. The gambling angers a number of Islamist groups including the banned Muslim Brotherhood, whose symbols and slogans often appear as graffiti on the walls of these resorts.
-A dredging project begins to deepen and widen the Suez canal in order to decrease congestion as the latest supertankers and mega cruiseliners pass through. This will reduce waiting times at this global commerce artery and give a slight boost to shipping times in the region and the world.

PeoplesMujahideenofIranFlag
Zillamaster55 - People’s Mujahideen of Iran
Leaders: Massoud & Maryam Rajavi
Ideology: Islamic Marxism

-A number of MEK-sponsored political protests occur in Western nations to protest Iran’s treatment of political minorities. While small, generally numbering in the tens of people, these protests in high-profile locations such as the Iranian embassies in London and Berlin increase awareness among Iranian ex-pats, a few of whom are convinced to use their means to support the MEK’s resistance against the regime.
-With the outbreak of the second Iran-Iraq War, the MEK pulls back on violent acts, letting the Iraqi tanks inflict the casualties rather than resurrecting their reputation as a treasonous element. This does little to increase the regime’s tolerance for the rebels, and they exploit the outbreak of war to cast them as pro-Iraq. Still, with so many fighting men sent to the frontlines, it is easier than ever for the Mujahids to evade capture.
-A drive for donations from sympathetic elements within the country begins. While the war leaves many with uncertain financial futures, dissatisfaction with the government for escalating the conflict and its actions in the previous year leads to many anonymous contributions, and the MEK is easily able to afford most arms available on the black market.
-Casting the invasion of Iraq as an imperialist act in a war they claim is provoked by the regime, the MEK organizes several peace marches, again not officially attributed to the rebel group. Once again, the police forces respond with violence. While they take care not to create any more martyrs, the highly visible beatings, disappearances, and general suppression of free speech quickly begin to wear on the populace that fears the war will only end in a more paranoid, totalitarian regime as well as a mountain of bodies from all the young Iranian men sent to die in Iraq.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)

-A free trade pact is signed between China and Armenia. Cheap Chinese products quickly flood the Armenian economy, and many previously inaccessible items become affordable to the average Armenian. Luxury goods made in China are frequently seen in the households of Armenia’s growing middle class. For their part, the Armenians’ inexpensive but effective solar array become popular in China’s rural areas, including the newly acquired Mongolia, as it is more robust than Chinese designs for roughly the same price.
-As Armenia continues to present its national identity to the world once again as an independent nation, a diaspora conference is hosted in Yerevan to promote Armenia’s culture and values. A number of world figures visit, most notably Pope John Paul II, who praises religious freedom in the post-Soviet republic.
-This exhibition also features a number of military officials who are encouraged to meet with the populace and partake in community service. It is hoped that this will encourage these commanders to take a greater interest in the fate of the nation and instill a sense of pride in the tiny nation among those who defend it.
-Armenia improves its water infrastructure to move vast amounts of water from Lake Sevan to agricultural lands in the south via the Vorotan-Arpa Tunnel. The tunnel opens with great fanfare after the disappointing delay in the wake of the 1988 earthquake.
-Armenia joins the Council of Europe and the European Convention on Human Rights. This is a step forward in ensuring the stability and security of the region -The mining sector continues to grow as Armenia looks outward to expand this major portion of its economy which comprises 40% of its GDP. BHP Billiton of Australia arrives with heavy equipment and participates in the extraction of valuable Molybdenum, allowing faster extraction in larger mines than ever before.
-As economic reform continues, new antitrust legislation is put into force to restore competition and break up the family-run monopolies. While resistance is heavy from these businesses, they ultimately have no choice but to break up and comply. To continue promoting competitive business practices, small businesses receive help from the central bank in monitoring their risks in the new regulatory environment.
-Routine inspections of the judiciary continue as Armenia tries to ensure impartiality. While few like having the government breathe down their necks with their version of unbiased law, they carry on nevertheless, and Armenia’s anti-corruption ratings slowly improve.
-To promote trading and the investment of capital in Armenian businesses, a stock exchange named Armex is founded in Yerevan. As several companies go public, including the solar array manufacturers, this vehicle for monitoring of capital investments is a driver for the inflow of foreign direct investment.
-In collaboration with several other developing nations such as Mexico and Brazil, the Yerevan Declaration is issued to promote inclusive financial policy, in particular access to banking services for all as a driver of economic development, especially important in the underserved rural areas found in these countries.
-Armenia’s telecommunications network continues to develop as nationwide cellular network coverage is finally achieved. This includes 2G data services in the most urban areas, allowing those with means to bring the internet with them.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)

-Germany and the United States offer diplomatic and materiel support to Romania as the Romanian Senate debates intervention to restore democratic governance in its neighbor and erstwhile ally, Moldova. With this assurance, Romania goes through with the plans and its army quickly absconds with the tiny nation, facing only a minimal communist insurgency. Germany mobilizes its Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 1 missile-defense unit to Romania to prepare for a possible Russian counterattack, but this fear is not realized.
-Several examples of the Russian S-300 missile are purchased from the Ukrainian military. Though these missiles are not in working order, it is an intelligence coup that will allow German pilots to properly assess the missiles’ capability before entering a threat zone. Furthering this accomplishment is Slovakia’s agreement to let German specialists examine the targeting system and its response to the Typhoon SEAD fighters.
-The European defense industry begins to consolidate as several missile manufacturers merge to form MBDA, and Airbus Industrie turns into a formal joint-stock company. These companies have proven critical to Germany’s defense advances and will be able to develop new technologies with fewer hurdles in their new forms.
-Significant amounts of aid are dispatched to FR Yugoslavia to help in its rebuilding effort in exchange for commitments to European values and peace. FR Yugoslavia also begins the EU accession process, as most Serbians are seeking to change the country’s course significantly after the slow, disastrous end of the previous regime. Many nationalists consider this treasonous after the NATO bombing, but a clear majority favor the opportunity offered in Europe.
-The European Union signs the Treaty of Nice after an intense deliberation in which Germany and France tussle over representation in the European Parliament. France demands parity with Germany even though the latter has a significantly larger population. The two eventually settle on a requirement for double majorities of population and countries. The nations of the EU also agree to establish greater military cooperation, with an EU Officer’s Association created for senior military leadership across the EU to coordinate on defense strategy and become familiar with each other’s style of operation.
-A trio of Israeli Aerospace Industries EL/M-2075 Phalcon Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft are purchased supplement Germany’s air defense capabilities. The aircraft go into service with NATO’s air policing operations as a way of assessing their capabilities and adapting them into the German air defense strategy.
-Inquiries into sexuality are dropped from the Bundeswehr’s eligibility requirements for servicemen and women. LGB members are allowed to serve openly, and units are expected to adapt to the changes as they see fit within reason. Defense Minister Rudolph Scharping defends the decision against critics, stating “We do not need to know a person’s sexuality, only that they can fight.”
-Known as the Brandenburgische Gemeinschaft für industrielle Forschung, a large state industrial research complex is built in Brandenburg. The complex has controlling interest from the federal government, with the rest divided between the states of Berlin & Brandenburg. Engineers and scientists at this complex begin work under a mandate to improve automated manufacturing in a manner that reduces manpower and maintenance needed to create the products of heavy industry.
-A new variant of the Leopard 2 tank is introduced. Bearing the new Rheinmetall L55 smoothbore cannon, the Leopard 2A6 is able to engage targets with greater accuracy and range than ever before, while also introducing the ability to load barrel-fired ATGMs, which can target enemy tanks at an even greater range with the assistance of laser designators. Most of the fleet is to be upgraded to this standard by the end of the year.

VietnamFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Communist Party)

-After its land-clearing initiative, the Vietnamese government sets up a farming program in which the newly cleared land is distributed to poor farmers on a leasing agreement in which 10% of all profits from production on the land are returned to the government. This results in many poor farms expanding their holdings onto the adjacent cleared land and adopting a number of farming methods seen on large estate farms.
-The large estate farms are also able to participate in the leasing agreement. However, these face the additional stipulation that they grow edible crops on the land rather than cash crops. The requirement proves popular, as it helps to drive down food prices for the average Vietnamese customer.
-The new farm program is supplemented with the import of large quantities of farm equipment and tractors from Germany. The new equipment will expand the capacity of state agricultural programs, while much of it is passed along to under-equipped poor farmers who use them to improve their output and use of time on the farms.
-Vietnam establishes a Central Energy Commission to coordinate its energy projects in the coming years. As global temperatures and oil prices rise, the activity of this commission will be vital to sustaining Vietnam’s growth in the decades to come.
-With coordination from Laos, construction of a massive hydroelectric dam on the Red River begins north of Hanoi. With a projected capacity of 20,000 Megawatts, it should be able to rival China’s Three Gorges Dam and supply both nations with a significant portion of their electricity needs. Though many environmentalists object to the creation of a large, reddish lake and the ensuing disruption of the ecological processes, the rise in oil prices leads to a general acceptance of the project as necessary for further energy independence in Southeast Asia.
-With the dam project seeking to power the north, Vietnam begins working with Cambodia to create on and off-shore wind farms to provide electricity to Phnom Penh and Ho Chi Minh City in the south. Initial groundwork begins for several on-shore sites, while the two governments agree on several possible locations in the Gulf of Thailand.
-To assist in the offshore effort, a joint project with foreign universities designs a more robust wind turbine that is perfect for offshore wind farming. This reliable design can go for longer terms without expensive and difficult maintenance operations, and has less risk of catching fire as a safe automatic shutdown is implemented for when winds are too high.
-Government contribution to Vietnam’s health care system is multiplied several times over as the framework for a single-payer health insurance system is passed by the National Assembly. Health insurance becomes a universal guarantee to a minimum standard of care for all Vietnamese, and private insurers are barred from the health market completely. While the plan results in a number of taxes being increased, the government does find one new source for revenue...
-Prostitution for men and women aged 21+ becomes legal nationwide and is taxed by the government. Sex workers are required to hold a government issued license and may organize among themselves, however efforts are made to ensure that brothels are not operated by pimps or individuals tied to organized crime. A minimum level of safety is enforced as prostitutes must report for health check ups every six months. Though the increasingly popular churches oppose this new vice, it brings in not only government revenue but a number of foreign tourists who will spend money in Vietnam on things other than just a little succy succy.
-The legalization of sex work in Vietnam leads to a sharp rise in tourism to the Southeast Asian nation. While the move leads to the breakup of many marriages, the sharp increase in foreign interest seems to have paid off for the Vietnamese, who might have previously seen these services as too bourgeois.
-Vietnam’s all-male conscription program is ended and replaced with a lottery system to determine military service. Eligible males with the selected birth dates will be required to carry out four years of service. Though the overall burden to society is reduced, many of the young men selected for service grumble at the system’s reliance on luck.
-However, it is suggested that the necessity of conscription will soon be reduced as measures are taken to change the military to an all-volunteer basis. The opportunities of voluntary career military service are heavily advertised, with the possibility of learning valuable leadership and technical skills while serving the homeland.
-In a major conference with its longtime ally of Laos, the two nations agree to devise a common leadership scheme for the militaries of the two nations, further integrating the two militaries and expanding the Vietnamese People’s Army’s influence over Laotian foreign policy.
-Backchannel talks at the conference also yield positive results as Laos agrees to take steps towards democracy. The Lao People’s Revolutionary Party agrees to a similar scheme as the Vietnamese National Assembly, with a minimum 50% LPRP representation in the government. New elections see the party retain a 52% majority as a various democratic coalition members secure their first seats in the governing body.

Turn 4: July 1st to December 31th 2001

Mike Oldfield - Nuclear HD05:03

Mike Oldfield - Nuclear HD

Turn tune; as requested by joshuadim

TheEndofHistoryTurn4PoliticalMap

Political map of Turn 4

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=51866926&viewfull=1#post51866926

World Events:

Terror in America: A nuclear attack delivered by sea devastates Brooklyn, causing massive casualties. America is officially drawn into a global war on terror as it seeks to determine how Al-Qaeda could achieve such a destructive capability, and if it could happen again. Global markets slump as investor confidence is rattled at this assault on the global system. Though the targeted financial center of the world is largely spared, the enormous human and financial cost of this attack will be felt for many years, and a massive air of uncertainty looms across the globe. More details located here.
Russia Continues to Expand: In a move largely seen as a response to China’s annexation of Mongolia, the Union State convinces Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to unify into the Eurasian Federation, a massive superstate with unified foreign affairs and federalized affairs for its sub-nations.
The Siege of Kabul: Facilitated by a Eurasian air campaign, the Northern Alliance breaks out of its defensive lines and lays siege to Kabul as the Taliban begins to collapse in Afghanistan. An air raid lays waste to Al-Qaeda’s training camp in Khost as part of an attempt to kill Osama Bin Laden. Initially believed to have achieved this goal, it soon becomes apparent that he has survived based on analysis of a video claiming responsibility for the attack on the US.
Iraq Strikes Back: With the Iranians severely undermined at home and heavy casualties mounting after a disastrous offensive in southern Iraq, the Iranians are pushed into Khuzestan in an advance aided by Sunni extremists who fled the Russian bombs. Despite heavy casualties of their own, it seems Iraq will hold all the cards in any coming peace talks.
Shootout in the Indian Parliament: Five terrorists belonging to islamist groups linked to Al-Qaeda attack the Indian Parliament, killing several police, staffers, and a gardener. With Indian tensions against Pakistan and China running at a high, it seems India could also be drawn into the War on Terror.
Uighur Unrest in China: Uighur separatists attack and burn several police stations in western China as nationalist unrest spreads among the muslim minority against Han Chinese influence. Though largely a separatist movement, the government is quick to tie the attacks to the terrorist actions of global jihadists.
The Digital War: Several hack attacks are perpetrated against the Chinese government by a group calling itself “Angry Panda Bear.” Several government web pages are defaced with messages opposing the government and supporting Tibetan and Mongolian independence, and state television is hacked multiple times to display images of the self-immolation of a Mongolian monk in protest to the annexation.
Conflict Continues in Moldova: As Moldova elects Petru Lucinschi back into power in a contested election, a communist insurgency springs up to target Romanian peacekeepers. Insurgents manage to take a swathe of territory in the northeast where they move to and from Transnistria, and Vladimir Voronin sets foot on Moldovan soil for the first time since being ousted months ago.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: Acting President Joe Lieberman (Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA- (Negative Outlook)

-The US and Egypt host talks in Cairo with representatives of Iran and Iraq to try and end the increasingly bloody conflict between the two. With Iranian casualties mounting and a counterattack by Iraq striking into Khuzestan, Iraq is determined to press the advantage and press the attacks. With the US seemingly distracted and Iranian taste for the war diminishing rapidly, it is expected that the war will end soon in Iraq’s favor.
-Elsewhere in diplomatic ventures, the US sends a blunt warning: if Iraq is seen to be approaching a nuclear weapon, US intervention will be swift. The warning is initially disregarded, but with the attack on New York, Saddam decides to shelve his nuclear weapons program for fear of retribution from a United States that is out for blood. In announcing the decision, he offers his condolences to the American populace and claims that, while it is still Iraq’s right, a nuclear weapon is no longer necessary in light of conventional success against Iran in the ground campaign.
-After analyzing the situation in Mongolia, the State Department issues a fairly muted statement on China’s annexation there. "While it is uncertain about the validity of the elected government that voted for this result, as of now we must take it as we see now and accept it until more information comes along." While the response infuriates a number of China hawks in Congress, strong diplomatic and trade relations with America’s number 1 trading partner seem too valuable to throw away over an action that might turn out to be legitimate.
-Gore sends a stark message to Vladimir Putin regarding further Union expansionism, stating only to “Respect sovereignty or face the consequences,” largely pointed at Russian activities in Somaliland. It seems this message has been sent in Africa, as the Russians sit down with the Egyptian-led AU delegation and arrange for an agreement that sees Somaliland and Warsangali declared as highly autonomous states within a united Somalia. Within Russia’s closer sphere of influence, however, quite the opposite occurs as Putin puts on the purple and is declared Supreme Leader of the Eurasian Federation.
-Declaring the War on Drugs to be a “disaster” and “an archaic policy,” President Gore takes the drastic step of suspending enforcement of the federal ban on Marijuana and levying a federal tax on marijuana products. Non-violent drug offenders are granted amnesty and restored voting rights, and minimum sentences are removed for federal drug crimes. Though many states continue to enforce their own drug laws, a number of liberal-leaning states see legal marijuana businesses take root all over. New Yorkers in particular will need a lot of ganja to get through the coming years.
-Congress passes the New Age Education Act, designed to return the educational system to its pre-standardized testing roots and focus on natural learning rather than regurgitating onto a test sheet. Education is expanded to include philosophy and computer science, both regarded as important in the new millennium, as well as practical adult skills like paying taxes.
-2001 ends with the US reeling from the nuclear attack on New York City. The economy has taken a large hit and uncertainty remains over who is to blame for the actions of yesterday, and what to do tomorrow. For many, hope remains as they look to the heavens. With the unveiling of a new lunar rover for the coming moonshot, many cling to Al Gore’s inaugural promise that we will one day escape the horrors of this earth.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori (Liberal Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA- (Negative Outlook)

-As tensions between the Asian powers increase, Japan hosts naval exercises with South Korea, Australia, and Indonesia. The exercises show strength in a vital time, with Japan and South Korea able hold off a hypothetical massed Chinese attack long enough for Australian and Indonesian reinforcements to arrive and shore up their positions before American units arrive in enough force to turn the tide. The South Koreans are also granted the ability to link their computer systems with those of the Japanese, allowing the two to work more effectively in tandem, increasing commonality between the two forces. The relationship between the two has quickly gone from traditional foes to high-tech allies facing down a rampaging dragon hand in hand.
-The Japanese Self-Defense Forces increase their patrols in the Sea of Japan, maintaining a high status of alertness as China-Eurasia tensions escalate. The increased patrols come as Japan condemns China’s annexation of Mongolia as illegitimate. The Defense Ministry warns that any foreign forces moving illegally in Japanese waters or airspace will be dealt with in the harshest of terms.
-With the United States, the strongest ally of the Asian democracies reeling, Japan pitches the idea of closer defense ties to several smaller nations in the Ring of Fire. They receive a number of increased defensive commitments from Taiwan, the Philippines, and Singapore, as several previous guarantees of regional stability seem to be unraveling.
-In response to the new Chinese airborne radars, the Defense Ministry receives authorization to push the Air Self-Defense Forces to advance its cutting edge technology even further with the first attempt at a domestic stealth fighter. Named the Advanced Technology Demonstrator-X, or ATD-X, the first design competition leads to the selection of a design that at a glance resembles a slightly smaller F-22. With Japan’s existing stealth technology applied, the design could be fielded within a few years, given a hefty investment. Indeed, it is this investment in Mitsubishi that saves the massive Zaibatsu from taking a larger hit as the shockwaves of the New York attack spread across the Pacific and are heavily felt in the automotive and consumer electronics sector.
-Japan updates its stocks of air-to-air missiles, fully replacing the Sidewinder and Sparrow with the more capable AAM-3 and AAM-4. The older missiles are passed along to Japan’s allies to bolster the stocks of their air forces.
-Always seeking to incentivize population growth and the making of babies, tax breaks are granted to first-time buyers of dwellings to encourage settling down and starting new families. The move shores up the housing market substantially, going a long way to shield Japan from the fallout of the developments in the important US market.
-As global markets struggle through the effects of the attack on NYC, a workplace efficiency commission is assembled to give a report on potential improvements in Japanese offices and industries. The report delivered offers a number of interesting conclusions, such as the problems caused by a persistent over-reliance on fax machines in the digital age. While they suit Japanese needs well, it is believed newer technologies can meet and greatly exceed these needs. Another finding of the report emphasizes the importance of having employees do their best work instead of the most work. Often employees are found to become socially isolated, underslept, and overworked to an extent that the impact on productivity is actually negative.
-Hoping to stimulate the growth of start-ups in a market dominated by firms that range from old to ancient, a government subsidy is given to start-up firms looking to purchase computers to support their operations. Always seeking help the home market, the subsidy is applied to purchases from NEC Corporation, a boon to the domestic computer market.
-With the proliferation of computer-based business, regulations pass that penalize companies who do not take adequate measures to protect their networks against acts of cyberterrorism. With the threats posed by terrorists apparent, protecting against all possible angles of attack is a must for the 21st century firm.

ChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: President/General Secretary Jiang Zemin (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Premier Zhu Rongji (Communist Party)
Credit Rating: BBB (Negative Outlook)

-China’s military continues to modernize its practices, this time setting up an independent People’s Liberation Army Logistics Command. While vehicles remain tied to their own units, this authority can oversee maintenance and train engineering specialists to fulfill a number of vital logistical roles. One of their first tasks is continuing to unify roads and railroads with Mongolia, as well as the setup of border checkpoints that match those on the rest of China’s border with Russia.
-In unison with China, Vietnam proposes an ambitious high-speed Trans-Asian Railway. Travelling from Singapore, Bangkok, Phnom Penh, Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, and on to Beijing, connecting the capitals and major cities of the region. This corridor will greatly speed the moving of people as well as goods in a manner previously only achieved at much greater expense by air travel. The countries move to quickly connect their existing systems as modernization projects to accompany the bullet trains and hotshot freights begin. China and Vietnam show the most rapid progress in this area, as their ability to assemble massive amounts of workers and acquire vast amounts of right-of-way is greatly useful for such a project.
-China’s anti-corruption campaign continues as the monitoring of local party officials begins to see greater scrutiny, increasing accountability and giving more protections to citizens who wish to accuse these low-ranking officials of impropriety.
-With the acquisition in Mongolia, Mongolians are encouraged to urbanize with tax breaks on home purchases in cities for those who wish to move out of the empty plains. As they begin to move out, mining companies continue to pour into the area looking for mineral riches to feed China’s growing manufacturing industry.
-President Jiang Zemin meets with Uzbekistan’s Islam Karimov and offers even closer relations including defense cooperation and better economic ties. With most surrounding nations voluntarily being swallowed up into Eurasia, the fiercely independent Karimov accepts the deal, turning his back on the Russians and looking to China to maintain absolute power over his nation and people.
-China establishes the independent Forum on China-Africa cooperation to strengthen its ties with African states. Positioning itself as a partner with no imperial history over Africa, most African states are eager to accept the offer of strengthened relations with the emerging power.
-Having expanded downward, China makes its next urban expansion upward, with vertical farms beginning to be assembled in the cities. Engineers work to protect the urban crops from exposure to pollutants while devising new water circulation systems. Vertical growth plants such as corn and tomatoes with less demanding root systems form the backbone of the urban farming strategy.

EurasianRussiaFlag
Griffster26 - Eurasian Federation
Head of State: Supreme Leader Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Premier Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)
Credit Rating: B- (Stable Outlook)

-With the expansion of China into Mongolia, the Union State responds with its own diplomatic annexations, proposing the establishment of a Eurasian Federation to Ukraine and the Central Asian states. With member states able to keep their governments and manage most of their own domestic affairs in a devolved manner, Kazakhstan decides to join to further benefit from close ties with Russia. Kyrgyzstan joins for many of the same reasons, but also out of fear that it might be next to be forcefully dragged into China’s sphere of influence. Ukraine, with an increasingly pro-Europe population in the west, turns down the offer, pointing to its existing strong economic relations with the Russians, while Tajikistan keeps its security through alliance with India. Putin puts on the purple and is named Supreme Leader of Eurasia. Mikhail Kasyanov is appointed leader of Russia under the Federation, who pledges to strengthen republicanism in Russia. The world’s largest nation is only getting larger, and it'll adopt a proper flag early next year to flaunt it.
-With the war between Iran and Iraq still hot, Eurasia proposes alliances and mutual counter-terrorism participation to Iran and Syria. With the increasing presence of Sunni radicals flying the banner of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, Iran opts to join the alliance and requests Eurasian support in the conflict with Iraq. Syria, long a traditional ally of the Russians, also accepts immediately, and public opinion is galvanized behind the alliance as the war on terror goes nuclear.
-In Eurasia’s vast eastern holdings, roads, railways, and power grids are updated and upgraded, encouraging more development in the sparsely populated east and far east.
-Sensing a chance to shut down the Taliban once and for all, the Eurasian Air Force launches a campaign of strikes in Afghanistan. These strikes support a Northern Alliance offensive that sees a large Northern Alliance advance, pushing their lines far forward and initiating the Siege of Kabul. A raid by Tu-95s levels Al-Qaeda’s training camp in Khost, and for many months Bin Laden is speculated to have been killed in the raids, until he resurfaces to claim responsibility for the attack on the United States. The Russian Bear has returned to Afghanistan.
-Days before the US is attacked, a Eurasian GRU Spetsnaz operative from Dagestan is killed by an Al-Qaeda suicide bomber disguised as a cameraman while guarding Ahmad Shah Massoud. Massoud himself receives shrapnel injuries and is temporarily evacuated to an Indian field hospital in Tajikistan, before returning to a greatly changed battlefield a month later. Though the operation to guard Massoud was initially covered up, the funeral of this operative in his homeland is highly publicized in the days after the attack on NYC and is meant to show the sacrifices Eurasians are also making in the war on terror, with Supreme Leader Putin personally dedicating his memorial in a service also attended by the US ambassador.
-In the spirit of the many female Soviet heroes who fought against Nazi Germany, women who prove themselves capable of upholding the same standards as their male colleagues are allowed to voluntarily join the military. Though many in the diverse Eurasian societies see military service as against womanhood, the military sees many of its first female volunteers across the possible roles, especially as the threat from terrorism to the homeland grows.
-The first trials of the AK-103 begin as the Eurasians seek to replace the Soviet-era AK-74M. The substantial loss of weight proves popular among infantry, though the brass are not yet convinced that the replacement cost is worthwhile with only modest gains in overall performance. Where others are footing the bill, however, they will gladly sell the rifle, and Syria and Somaliland place significant orders.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)
Credit Rating: BBB- (Stable Outlook)

-The US and Egypt host talks in Cairo with representatives of Iran and Iraq to try and end the increasingly bloody conflict between the two. With Iranian casualties mounting and a counterattack by Iraq striking into Khuzestan, Iraq is determined to press the advantage and press the attacks. With the US seemingly distracted and Iranian taste for the war diminishing rapidly, it is expected that the war will end soon in Iraq’s favor.
-The Russians sit down with the Egyptian-led AU delegation and arrange for an agreement that sees Somaliland and Warsangali declared as highly autonomous states within a united Somalia. It seems that Egypt has scored its first political victory under the auspices of the AU, but as jihadists flee Afghanistan for the unstable regions of Somalia, it is clear this nation and its warring substates will remain an African problem child for years to come.
-With a vastly larger military, Egypt holds war games near the Toshka Lakes to improve force readiness among its green and less experienced recruits. Hosted during the summer, performance in the extreme heat of the desert is a key emphasis, as are semi-amphibious operations along the lakesides and featuring riverine forces. These exercises are invaluable for bringing its forces closer to western standards, and with the attack on America, there is a sense in the air that many will see this experience tested soon.
-The elite counter-terrorist Unit 777 is placed under the command of the Air Force and rebranded as The Eagle’s Talons. In order to grow this unit to division strength, recruiting is opened to any current members of the Egyptian military aged between 20 and 30 who believe they can uphold the discipline, skill, and precision expected from these warriors. Only the top scorers are considered, and only those who receive a recommendation from a current member of The Eagle’s Talons are accepted. The counter-terrorism capabilities of this unit are especially touted, and the nation will be counting on these skills in an age with nuclear terrorism.
-Unsatisfied with the size of the Air Force, an ambitious project is initiated to clone the MiG-29 and produce several more. Known as the النسر الذهبي (Golden Eagle), the first domestic air superiority fighter will be a major point of pride for Egypt when rolls off the line in 2002.
-As Egypt courts foreign tourism, airports are expanded throughout the country to increase capacity and provide space for more and larger aircraft. Many fear that the Middle East will become a less attractive place to tour in light of the fear of terrorism, however visits by Russian tourists especially are not significantly decreased overall in Egypt.
-Physical fitness is encouraged throughout the Egyptian school system and its populace, as weightlifting, running, Boxing, and wrestling are promoted across Egypt to promote popular health and promote the ancient Egyptian warrior spirit.
-Aiming to improve air quality and give Egypt a more “green” reputation, municipalities throughout the country see public gardening initiatives to construct parks, gardens, and plant various trees, bushes, flowers, and shrubs. Though water-consuming, this improves the general attitude of citizens on their hometown’s image and helps to clear the air.
-Egypt presses its neighbor Sudan on its suppression and neglect of non-Arab populations in the country, and calls on it to make peace with its rebellious south. With Sudan supporting Iraq and Islamists of various affiliations flowing between Iraq, Sudan, and Libya, it seems unlikely that the government will be willing to end preferential treatment of its Arab citizens anytime soon.
-At Egypt’s direction, the African Union ratifies a measure granting observer status to nations off the African continent but with significant African populations. Initial invitees include the USA, UK, Brazil, France, Haiti, Colombia, Jamaica, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic, which all send delegations to stake their interest in Africa’s future.
-Egypt passes a deal to reduce the cost of travel to Saudi Arabia for those undertaking the Hajj in order to throw a bone to the Islamists in parliament. This helps to silence some of them, but ultimately it is the terrorist attack on the US that drives down the popularity of these groups, especially within urban or suburban areas.
-Egypt proposes an AU-wide agricultural development fund that sees subsidies for small farmers and improved distribution of food in famine-hit areas. Though local government interference prevents it from reaching its full potential, it is nevertheless a step forward for alleviating the massive problem of hunger and malnourishment on the continent.
-Expanding its drought-resistant offerings, Egyptian researchers manage to apply its drought-resistant GMO research to grapes and most critically, rice. This essential food staple can now be grown in much larger quantities, which will go a long way towards ending hunger.

PeoplesMujahideenofIranFlag
Zillamaster55 - People’s Mujahideen of Iran
Leaders: Massoud & Maryam Rajavi
Ideology: Islamic Marxism
Iranian Credit Rating: C (Outlook of What The Christ)

-The MEK continues to appeal for international support in overthrowing the regime it holds responsible for the war. It calls on the UN to mediate an end to the war that has claimed so many lives on both sides so far, and both Egypt and the US offer to set up peace talks. With Saddam holding the advantage so far, however, he refuses the talks and presses his offensive further into Khuzestan. The attack on America, quickly condemned by the MEK, only serves to undermine the prospects of a mediated peace.
-MEK operatives are seen assisting Shia solidarity movements in Iraq’s south, which serve to undermine the Iraqi war effort somewhat, though not as much as the Iranian government is undermined as anti-war demonstrations rock the country.
-Across Iran and especially in Tehran, peace protests are arranged by the MEK to show the nation’s outrage at the cost of what is seen as an unnecessary war with Iraq. Key demands of the protestors are an end to the conflict through a negotiated settlement with Iraq and free elections overseen by international observers. Though the government is not quite ready to grant these demands, it allows the protestors to go in peace, fearing another Day of Martyrs will truly be the regime’s end. As the war progresses though, it seems that may be approaching either way.
-Peace drives also sprout up across the country, as the MEK seeks to show its benevolence by helping raise funds for soldiers wounded in the conflict. The support here helps to begin turning public opinion of the MEK from that of a traitorous organization to a group that stands for the public good of all Iranians.
-However, those who do want to derelict their patriotic duty also receive help from the People’s Mujahideen. Draft dodgers are funneled en masse to Pakistan as young Iranian men attempt to avoid the killing fields of Iraq and Khuzestan. With reports of mounting Iranian casualties, this approach becomes increasingly popular and seriously depletes Iran’s ability to call on its massive pool of possible conscripts.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)
Credit Rating: BB- (Negative Outlook)

-Seeing the increasingly hulking Eurasian Federation as a possible future threat to its sovereignty, Armenia makes a push for stronger relations with the European Union, hoping that it can return to a more neutral state and keep a balance between east and west that will keep it out of future conflicts that could arise between Eurasia and NATO, while remaining on the good side of both of these continental powerhouses.
-Seeking to bring back more members of the Diaspora or at least get them to help the homeland, Armenia increases its mail campaign to Armenians living abroad and encourages them to invest directly in state development funds. While most donations are small, a donation of several million dollars arrives from the famous Armenian lawyer Robert Kardashian, who speaks at great length about the importance of the homeland to Armenians living in California, and how he was so moved that he donated large portions of his children’s inheritance to the cause of improving education and infrastructure for his people.
-In Yerevan, a parade showcasing Armenia’s military strength is held to emphasize the small nation’s ability to defend itself in an often turbulent region. Strong undercurrents of national pride can be felt at these marches, but at a time when acts of mass murder have reappeared, the need to be able to prevent another 1915 are well understood by Armenians.
-Hoping to diversify its economy and prevent over-dependence on any one nation, Armenia begins a process of economic diversification, incentivizing the growth of modern industries such as software programming, as well as older ones such as film. The latter takes off as filming is heavily developed in the Lake Sevan, with documentarians arriving to make films on the natural life of the area and filmmakers produce scenes for their movies set in ancient times in a land where vast spaces are untouched by the developments of millenia. Hayawood is born.
-In an attempt to create a new tourist attraction, the construction of the Wings of Tatev is pushed forward. This aerial tramway aims to smash world records for distance covered while transporting passengers to the famous Tatev Monastery. A project that will span several years, the ambitious cable car should nevertheless bring more global attention to Armenia.
-After a narrow referendum result, Armenia changes its government from a semi-presidential system to a parliamentary system, with a more symbolic presidency. President Kocharyan’s endorsement of the measure is a surprising sacrifice made in the name of a government that can be more responsive to the people in times that demand a fast-acting, unified government.
-As part of its initiative to diversify into the digital industry, a new state-sponsored cyber security firm called լռություն or lrrut’yun (meaning Silence) is founded. Top technology specialists from across the globe are hired to serve in this firm, where they can be hired by private industries or contracted to protect Armenia’s state assets.
-Armenia’s efforts to shore up its defenses sees a breakthrough in its domestic improvements to the S-300 missile. With some tooling to the target computer, the missile can be configured to intercept standoff weapons such as cruise missiles, other ballistic missiles, and even large aerial bombs.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA (Positive Outlook)

-As Romania prepares to organize elections in Moldova, Germany offers their support if Moldova wishes to reunify with Romania, equating it with Germany’s reunification. With Transnistria still controlled by the Eurasians and a communist insurgency sprouting up in the country’s east, the Romanians opt to hold a regular election for the time being and focus on helping the new government fight the insurgents.
-With the implications of both Russian expansionism and the massive attack on the United States, Germany begins to rapidly militarize at a rate not seen since the reorganization of the Bundeswehr after World War Two. As the understanding slowly trickles in that the pure defense approach may no longer be sufficient to dissuade either threat, a major change is made to official German military doctrine, stating that: “As an expression of national will and the self-assertion of state sovereignty to protect its national security, Germany is ready to deploy the entire spectrum of national instruments of action. This includes the use of the Bundeswehr.” While few are enthused about the possibility of a foreign war, the attack on NYC goes a long way in convincing the public that this is a necessary step in defending Germany in a modern war.
-Flexible response is also emphasized within the Bundeswehr. No longer a Cold War-era fighting force, preparation for a possible counterinsurgency is also stressed alongside more conventional preparation for any massive conflict with Eurasia. For both of these measures, inspection of the weapons, tactics, and doctrine of the former Nationale Volksarmee prove to be invaluable, not only in learning how a Soviet ally prepared for conventional war with the west but because of the NVA’s past support of communist insurgencies in Africa and beyond.
-Of course, there are few substitutes for raw manpower and budgetary strength, and it is here that the most significant changes occur. No longer lagging behind NATO’s 2% requirement, Germany increases her defense spending to 2.2% of GDP, while a soft cap of 300,000 servicemen and women is imposed over the previous limit of 200,000. Most of the defense spending increase goes simply to supplying the new recruits as they are being brought in and given modern equipment, but much is left for other projects, even after the large hit the economy has taken.
-With such a lofty manpower goal, Germany takes the interesting move of looking abroad for more recruits. Soldiers from qualifying nations (defined as fellow EU or NATO members, as well as other close allies) are offered permanent residence rights after 2 years of a 3 year service term, and those who show good signs of integration can earn citizenship within 4 years. A number of recruits flock to this program, primarily coming from poorer countries in eastern Europe as well as Turkey, and it is hoped that their remittances will grow the economies of all Germany’s allies.
-Germany holds defense research cooperation talks with Italy, Poland, and Israel on the development of a new SAM/ABM system. Largely building on the Patriot system, it will use both the Patriot and S-300 as a benchmark to create a higher-capability air defense system that can exceed 300 kilometers in range and reliability take down a ballistic missile. The Medium Extended Air Defense System promises to greatly expand the air defenses of the participant nations, while adding a unique dynamic to Mutually Assured Destruction for non-nuclear weapon possessing nations.
-In other military spending ventures, Germany purchases a number of RBS-15 anti-ship missiles from Sweden to replace its aging Exocets, bolstering the range and firepower of its maritime defenses. The missiles are adapted for the Hochmobiles Raketensystem in a shore defense role. The Eurocopter Tiger is also hurried to completion in order to provide the Heer with a fully capable ultramodern attack helicopter.
-Two new branches of the Bundeswehr are also formed, the Joint Support and Medical Services branch to serve as a unified medical and ambulance command, and Cyber and Information Space Command. This special service will defend Germany’s cyber infrastructure and critical information against outside attacks like the one recently seen in China.
-As Germany’s first new nuclear plant in decades nears completion, excess output from coal and gas plants is cut to alleviate pollution and general emissions. More windmills see construction, and ground is broken on a second nuclear plant to supply the needs of Bavaria.
-In order to at least partially alleviate the massive costs of its military expenditures and increase general output, Germany’s defense manufacturers are encouraged to export to her allies. They find a number of takers as tensions continue to skyrocket worldwide.
-With high demand for better protected tanks and vehicles, a German engineering firm unveils a revolutionary new armor system. Advanced Modular Armor Protection provides a kit-based system that can be bolted in different patterns to meet the needs of many different systems in the German arsenal, increasing the protection of both land and air vehicles such as the new Tiger.

VietnamFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Communist Party)
Credit Rating: BB- (Stable Outlook)

-Declaring China’s recent annexations to have legitimate basis, Vietnam condemns the election of radicals in India and recognizes the union of Mongolia with China. Traditionally a Soviet ally, it seems the government of Vietnam is now throwing its weight behind its neighbor in hopes of sharing the benefits of its recent success.
-In a sign that democratization will continue, non-violent political prisoners whose transgressions against the government are relatively minor are released. Rights groups respond positively to the move, and the government is the least feared that it has been since the fall of Saigon.
-As agriculture expands throughout Vietnam, trade deals are passed with the Philippines, Indonesia, and the Nation of Brunei (the Abode of Peace). Maintaining this deal will be crucial as Vietnam tries to sail the choppy waters of a shaken global economy.
-With much of its oil imports coming from Iran, Vietnam decides to cut its dependence on the unstable Middle East and focus on more local suppliers, primarily Brunei, as well as its own renewables. By not reaching as far to get its supply, it is hoped that this will prevent Vietnam from being affected by a serious crisis that is outside its control.
-In unison with China, Vietnam proposes an ambitious high-speed Trans-Asian Railway. Travelling from Singapore, Bangkok, Phnom Penh, Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, and on to Beijing, connecting the capitals and major cities of the region. This corridor will greatly speed the moving of people as well as goods in a manner previously only achieved at much greater expense by air travel. The countries move to quickly connect their existing systems as modernization projects to accompany the bullet trains and hotshot freights begin. China and Vietnam show the most rapid progress in this area, as their ability to assemble massive amounts of workers and acquire vast amounts of right-of-way is greatly useful for such a project.
-Vietnam creates the "Tri-Nation Energy Association" between Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia as a regional agency in charge of the Red River Dam and wind farms in the gulf of Thailand, with responsibility as well for coordinating energy sharing between all three states. The interdependency of the three for energy resources is seen as a positive generator of economies of scale, increasing the efficiency of energy distribution.
-Investment into Laotian agriculture is stepped up, as tariffs on the export of Vietnamese agricultural equipment to the neighboring nation are eliminated and foreign direct investment is poured into the Laotian corporate farms. Laos’ dependency on agriculture makes these developments welcome, and export/import relations between the two are at a high.
-Looking to the OPEC cartel as an inspiration for other small nations with important exports, Vietnam signs a no-competition deal with Cambodia, which will help to at least slow the race to the bottom and preserve somewhat desirable rates, at least until other nations attempt to undercut them.
-Offering its’ support to Vietnamese ally and trading partner Iran, a Vietnamese destroyer sails to the Persian gulf as a show of morale support and solidarity. Such a minor visit has little effect for the Iranians, who by now are struggling against an onslaught of Iraqi armor.
-Agricultural scientists and chemists work with Vietnamese agricultural specialists to devise a new barrier for the purpose of land reclamation. The system is effectively a sort of wall for dividing up swamped land, with chemical enhancements that prevent the seepage of saltwater. By building this wall, a farmer can drain the swamp effectively and quickly convert the land to effective agricultural use.

Chapter 2: The Return of History and the End of Dreams

Turn 5: January 1st to June 30th 2002

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TheEndofHistoryTurn5PoliticalMap

Political map of Turn 5

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=51923903&viewfull=1#post51923903

World Events:

Peace in Moldova: Eurasia signs a peace deal with German and Romanian representatives of the EU to end the fighting in Moldova. Eurasia cuts its support for the Moldovan communists and closes the border, while Voronin and the Communist Party are offered amnesty within Moldova under an indefinite political ban. Dubasari District is divided by the Dniester River, and land belonging to Moldova near the Bender district is returned. Moldova agrees to recognize Eurasia’s annexation of Transnistria, upsetting some Moldovans, but with the toll the conflict has taken on this tiny country, most are glad it is finally over.
Coup d'état in Turkey: Declaring Ataturk’s Kemalist vision for Turkey endangered by various political and economic events across the world, the Turkish Armed Forces arrest the government and declare a military junta led by the Peace at Home Council. The new leaders begin to take the country on a new course, acknowledging the Armenian Genocide and declaring war on Iraq as part of its commitment to the war on terror. More details located here.
The Iraq War: A Turkish-led coalition invades Iraq and wipes the floor with Saddam Hussein’s exhausted forces, stealing a victory against Iran from them. Several regional and Arab partners partake in the invasion, including Jordan after its observers are attacked by the Iraqis. The coalition agrees to partition Iraq into three new states- Iraq, Kurdistan, and Jazira- along ethnic lines. As a salafist and nationalist insurgency from former Saddam loyalists and Al-Qaeda grows in Jazira, however, it is widely believed that foreign involvement in the region is far from over.
Egypt Confronts Sudan & Libya: Fed up with the continued oppressive activities of the Arab Sudanese over the rest of the population, Egypt launches an invasion of Sudan. Libya moves to reinforce their despotic neighbor and massive tank battles ensue as the Egyptians attempt to shut down both regimes for good. A special forces raid on Tripoli attempts to bring an early end to the war but ends with the Egyptians and local allies holed up in the western mountains, awaiting relief against waves of massed Libyan troops.
Iran’s Regime Crumbles: While the invasion of Iraq allows the Iranian government to retrieve the status quo from the jaws of defeat, the people of Iran are enraged by the high cost of the war and stage massive protests across the country. Intruders to the Iranian Senate forcibly dismiss the government, and the MEK manages to seize hold of the Ayatollah and his cadre, forcing them to declare the Islamic Revolution defeated and be exiled to Oman. With a caretaker government keeping order until elections can be held in August, a new day is approaching for Iran.
Insurgencies in Nepal and Northeast India: Maoist rebels escalate their conflict with the government in northern Nepal, taking two nature reserves and inflicting heavy casualties on the government. In India, separatist and Christian fundamentalist groups escalate their activities against the government, disturbing the region and forcing heavy military involvement.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President Albert “Al” Gore (Democratic Party)

-The US Navy participates in the RIMPAC exercises with Japan and the other participant nations of Asia. Largely pointed at China as a response to its expansionist policies, the exercises stress readiness for a variety of potential combat environments in the region and force interoperability. The latter is greatly improved by the sharing of Japan’s datalink technology with the US, allowing all branches of the Japanese, US, and South Korean militaries to share information rapidly and take down foes as one force.
-NASA signals a return to space exploration as a rover is launched and delivered to the moon for the first time since the last human landing. The rover can explore for several years non-stop, and its adventures will be broadcast for the world to see as it scouts for a potential new home for earthlings to follow.
-A number of new and veteran astronauts, as well as scientists, engineers, and fighter pilots of the highest caliber are assembled to begin training for an extended moon mission that would see a visit of several weeks and lay the groundwork for a possible permanent moon facility, the first human settlement on a body outside Earth. This moonbase would serve a peaceful purpose of scientific study and, hopefully, be the first stepping stone to further exploration and colonization.
-The ban on importing medicines from Canada is lifted to provide some cost relief for those seeking treatment for radiation exposure in the northeast. Though the large pharmaceutical firms cry foul at the lack of protection from the much cheaper Canadian generics, high demand makes the move popular and drives the reduction of medication costs nationwide.
-The cleanup in New York City begins in earnest after the dragging on of extensive rescue efforts to try and locate all the missing and the remains of the dead. Japan sends extensive labor help and funding pours in from across the world as the shocked nations of earth give what they can to contribute. Extensive FEMA camps are set up to house the dispossessed on Long Island and provide basic services. Meanwhile, a large recovery fund is set aside to provide medical care to the uninsured and underinsured who are suffering from the adverse effects caused by the blast, and to prevent insurers from going under due to the massive exposure.
-Across the Middle East, a campaign of “targeted killing” begins to root out suspected Al-Qaeda operatives using drone strikes. In Pakistan, the government finds itself with little choice but to consent to allowing drone strikes in the Federally Administered Tribal regions, lest it look even more guilty than before. A number of other strikes are carried out in Yemen and in support of the conventional campaign in Iraq, where their precision assists the Turkish advance significantly.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori (Liberal Democratic Party)

-Assisting its’ ally’s cleanup efforts, Japan sends a radiological cleanup and medical team to the US to try and repair the extensive physical and psychological damage caused by the 11/9 attacks. The irony is lost on few, but the effort is welcomed as no other nation understood the massive suffering caused by nuclear attack until now.
-At the RIMPAC naval exercises, Japan practices coordinating its forces using datalink technology, while inviting the US Navy to participate in this system, greatly increasing force interoperability. In exchange, the US sends 10 Boeing 767s for conversion to mid air refuelling tankers, as well as stealth experts to improve the design of the ATD-X fighter program. A further exercise is planned later in the year with a focus on marine counterterror, which is viewed with increasing importance given the nuclear attack’s method of delivery.
-To this end, a Pan-Pacific Maritime Security Treaty is signed between Japan and its Pacific allies large and small. The agreement expands the rights of member nation coast guards to stop and search vessels arriving from any nation within their territorial waters.
-Japan’s coast guard is also expanded with a pair of Aso-class patrol vessels and a number of SH-60 helicopters. New boarding teams are also hired to search suspect vessels. While Japan’s coastline is near endless, these forces will greatly increase the defenses of critical ports such as Tokyo and Osaka.
-Japan increases its SEAD capabilities with the purchase of 500 ALARM missiles, which could prove decisive in any future engagement against shore targets of a future opponent.
-As Japan prepares to defend itself in an increasingly likely future conflict, the Diet passes two landmark laws reinterpreting Japan’s limitation to self-defense. The first allows Japanese peacekeepers serving abroad to open fire in self-defense, opening the door to greater participation in UN peacekeeping initiatives. The second allows foreign military sales, within a limit to nations that are seen as contributing to global peace. Pacifist citizens will be watching closely to see which nations are included in this interpretation.
-A small fund for pubs is set up by the central government to help prospective pub owners get started in business districts. It is hoped that more pubs in this high stress environment will help workers to slow down and destress after a long day’s work, and will encourage the growth of these small businesses and contribute to the success of their owners.
-In the wake of its landmark labor report, the Labor Ministry begins to act on the findings by limiting overtime hours per week as well as standardizing the 40-hour work week. Technological changes are made as well to increase the digitization of documents and reduce the dependence on fax machines. One helpful innovation for this process is the creation of a web-based storage system that allows computers to retrieve documents from centralized servers in another office elsewhere in the country. This “cloud” software promises to add a new dimension to the internet revolution and expand its boundaries.

ChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: President/General Secretary Jiang Zemin (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Premier Zhu Rongji (Communist Party)

-Branding Uighur separatists who have attacked local authorities as “no different than the terrorists who have caused such unnecessary death abroad” a bloody crackdown begins in Xinjiang. Casualties occur on both sides, even if the campaign is heavily in favor of the government. The separatists are not about to be written off, however, as a crudely constructed car bomb fails to detonate outside the gates of the Forbidden City and is disarmed by the bomb squad, likely preventing many casualties.
-A number of addresses are searched and computers confiscated as the search for ‘Angry Panda Bear’ goes into full swing. So far the search has netted only dead ends and hijacked computers, with the actual origin of the code yet to be found. In a rare statement on the investigation, the Beijing police commissioner describes the attack as “the work of a professional terrorist, intending to cause further disruption” though no attacks have occurred since last year’s events.
-In a historic agreement that sees tensions between the two finally begin to thaw, Eurasia recognizes the annexation of Mongolia and border procedures are normalized. It is open to speculation whether Moscow actually believes the act to have legitimate basis or is simply playing realpolitik.
-With vast territory to cover, the People’s Liberation Army Air Force expands its capacity to transport soldiers quickly by organizing an airlift command and ordering dozens more combat transports, such as variants of the Il-76, while also improving its capability to paradrop soldiers and equipment into any developing situation.
-In response to China’s dependence on foreign GPS and GLONASS for navigation, the foundation of China’s own navigational systems are laid. Dubbed “Chinanav” the system of several satellites is not as extensive as the other two networks, but will provide independent satellite positioning technology and focuses on China and its immediate surroundings, which make it popular enough in the domestic civilian market and effective in wartime use.
-Competitive goals are raised across the state-owned enterprises, and these state businesses are expected to either outperform foreign rivals or face privatization by the many Chinese entrepreneurs and capitalists who wish to buy them. Several textile firms fall to privatization, as does a tire manufacturer, but most others continue working to drive down costs to keep China’s edge in the competitive Asian market.

EurasianFlag
Griffster26 - Eurasian Federation
Head of State: Supreme Leader Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Premier Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)

-In a historic agreement that sees tensions between the two finally cool off, Eurasia recognizes the annexation of Mongolia and border procedures are normalized. It is open to speculation whether Moscow actually believes the act to have legitimate basis or is simply playing realpolitik.
-After a short vote with the constituent nations, Eurasia commits to a full-scale military intervention to support the Northern Alliance’s mission to take Kabul and finish the Taliban. After brief but intense urban combat, what’s left of the Taliban flees to the the border region where they can transit to Pakistan through the porous border, though they find themselves subjected to American drone strikes on the other side. The Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan is set up and ruled by a committee of Ahmad Shah Massoud, Abdul Rashid Dostum, and Hamid Karzai. Though the threat of the Taliban still lingers in the rural regions, a new course has been set for Afghanistan.
-After a protracted conflict over the tiny eastern European nation, Eurasia signs a peace deal with the European Union to end the conflict and gain recognition for its annexation of Transnistria.
-With Algeria’s fight against Islamist rebels continuing after the end of the civil war, Eurasia steps up its support to the government against the Groupe Islamique Armé and Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat. The urgency of defeating these groups in their hideouts is increasingly urgent after their pledge of allegiance to Al-Qaeda.
-After a spate of small gun and knife attacks in large cities across Eurasia, the Muslim Brotherhood and Hizb ut-Tahrir are banned outright and a hardline stance is taken against Islamist groups. The crackdown is especially prevalent in the Caucasus, where police raids are frequent on suspected meetings of these groups.
-Literacy programs are pushed in all the constituent republics of the Eurasian Federation to improve literacy levels and ensure that all can read and write in their native tongue, and, preferably, Russian. Teaching programs in new schools in the most illiterate rural areas are initiated to try and bring an equitable standard across the Federation.
-Healthcare becomes free across the Federation as a corporate tax and tax on the wealthy are introduced to pay for it. Though the result is a serious amount of capital flight by oligarchs and businesses trying to squirrel away their money abroad, the subsequent increase in health, productivity, and purchasing power by the vast majority of Eurasians results in overall gains for the Eurasian economy.
-With its successes convincing former Soviet constituents to reunite the Federation, overtures are made to Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Turkmenistan turns down the offer due to its post-independence neutrality as enshrined at the UN. The Tajiks also refuse, believing the peace between Eurasia and China to have secured their full independence for the time being.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)

-Citing the human rights situation in Sudan and the Islamist tendencies of its government, the Egyptian parliament issues a declaration of war after a hot debate that sees Salafists within parliament heavily oppose the move. Nevertheless, Egyptian forces begin rolling into Sudan. Facing heavy resistance from Sudanese mechanized forces and taking substantial casualties, they begin to approach Khartoum by late June. The Sudanese government abandons it fight against South Sudanese rebels, leading Garang’s government to declare independence and set up an administration in Juba, while also pulling out of southern Darfur. With the Egyptian advance assisted by sabotage and significant air superiority, the a massive battle to take Khartoum looms just over the horizon.
-A similar request for permission to liberate Sudan from its oppressive regime is sent to the African Union. With much of the AU made up of similarly despotic governments, the resolution does not last long, as the “Brother Leaders” watch each other’s backs, save for Chad, which decides to help put an end to its neighbor’s governments and secure its’ position.
-Believing it can exploit the Egyptian casualties and save its ally, the Libyans send a large force to reinforce Bashir’s battered units. Anticipating the move, Egypt unleashes its reserve forces and surrounds the Libyans in the desert south of Al-Jawf. The Battle of Kufra is the largest tank battle since World War Two and sees the main Libyan armored force crushed in web of Anti-Tank Guided Missiles and superior Egyptian armor, as well as Chadian assistance to complete the encirclement. The Egyptian reserves are ordered to attack along the coast, where they quickly seize Tobruk before being bogged down by the Khamis Brigade and Libyan defensive lines outside Benghazi. Hoping to engineer a swift victory and break out of this stalemate, a large raiding force of The Eagle’s Talons lands in Tripoli and attempts to assassinate Gaddafi and his government’s leadership. With Gaddafi absent, only a few of these officials are taken out and the raiding party is forced to retreat into the mountains south of Tripoli, where they raise a group of fierce anti-government rebels and are holding out against waves of Libyan attacks, supplied by airlift.
-Egypt also carries out airstrikes and sends several platoons of special forces to Iraq to assist Turkey’s invasion. Within the first month, these forces are recalled to assist in Egypt’s struggles with its neighbors as it becomes apparent the support is no longer strictly necessary to defeat the battered Iraqis.
-Hoping to boost its numbers, a proxy “Army of Liberation, Freedom, and Justice” is raised from Arab Sudanese opposed to Bashir’s government. Though not able to create a full strength division from these men, as most Arabs favor the government which has favored them, and other groups fight only for their homeland, it bolsters the Egyptian reputation in the eyes of African democracies at a time when Africa’s despots are looking for the AU’s exit.
-Roads and irrigation are built behind the frontlines in occupied Sudan to facilitate movement to the front and improve the area for the Sudanese people after the war. While it is a positive sign of goodwill, there will be much more rebuilding to do after the war is finished.
-In an attempt to cultivate a culture of intellectualism, debate forums and televised events are encouraged and hosted at universities across Egypt. Given the times, many of the debates focus on the place of religion in society as well as the necessity of the war.
-The Egyptian Space Agency is founded to act as the facilitator of future space exploration and mapping of the cosmos. While any liftoff seems distant, it excites the populace to begin looking to the stars, and distracts from the troubles on the ground.
-An exchange program is set up with foreign universities to send Egypt’s top engineering and physics students abroad to study and hone their skills. A substantial portion of this initiative focuses on students who could potentially contribute to Egypt’s new space program through studies of Astrophysics and Astro-Engineering.
-Branching out from the solar furnace design, Egyptian engineers design their first domestically producible solar cell array. Requiring less elaborate facilities to function, these solar panels can be installed on roofs at desert locations and, potentially, on an Egyptian spacecraft.

PeoplesMujahideenofIranFlag
Zillamaster55 - People’s Mujahideen of Iran
Leaders: Massoud & Maryam Rajavi
Ideology: Islamic Marxism

-As Iraq is invaded by the Turkish-led coalition, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps leads a last-ditch offensive to reclaim their lost territory in Khuzestan. While the offensive is successful in restoring Iran’s lost territory, it comes too late to restore the regime’s pride in the eyes of citizens who have suffered greatly at the hands of the Ayatollah and his cronies.
-Protests sweep the nation demanding the government step down and hold free elections. Unwilling to confront their own people after so much bloodshed, the police stand aside in most cities. In Tehran, however, things come to a boil as students and MEK-sympathetic citizens mass outside the Islamic Consultative Assembly. A nervous policeman fires into the crowd and it all goes off to the races as citizens storm the building, resulting in dozens killed but the government effectively dissolved.
-An MEK-led force including dozens of smuggled draft dodgers storms the Golestan Palace upon hearing rumors of the Ayatollah’s presence there. They take several hostages and manage to detain the Ayatollah himself. With no viable course of action remaining, he is forced to read a televised statement consenting to new elections and agreeing to exile himself. Days later, a jet carrying the Ayatollah and several of his cohorts leaves Mehrabad Airport for Oman. The era of the Islamic Revolution has ended, the era of the People’s Revolution has begun.
-A technocratic caretaker government is formed to maintain Iran’s critical institutions as the old regime is disassembled. New elections are set for August as a parliamentary republic, and the MEK’s efforts during the war has established it as an early viable contender.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)

-In the wake of the single biggest improvement in relations between the old rivals, Armenia ends its long standing land blockade with Turkey. Trade and energy exchange between the two resumes in earnest, a major boon to the Armenian economy as it seeks to expand its manufacturing exports. Naturally its largest neighbor, Turkey becomes Armenia’s largest trading partner within a matter of months as new contracts are forged and markets open.
-Armenia approaches Georgia and Azerbaijan to attempt to create a Caucasus Confederation in response to Eurasian growth and the need for cooperation in a trying economic time. With the old blood not quite settled with the Azeris, the move comes up short, however the Georgians agree to closer ties as both work towards the common goal of becoming closer to Europe and NATO.
-To that end, Armenia reforms its tax and customs systems to match European standards, raising the rigor of tax collection services and eliminating loopholes that allow oligarchs to escape their duties. The improved revenue from an expanded tax base helps fill government coffers and begins to lift Armenia’s economy after the global shock experienced only months ago.
-The new targeting system for the S-300 is exported to other nations that own the system and wish to have this capability. India and Syria are the first buyers, as both have nearby adversaries with ballistic missile capabilities that pose a risk to their urban centers.
-Armenian forces see major combat fighting as a part of Turkey’s coalition in Iraq, putting an ironic spin on Saddam’s wild accusations of “Ottoman Imperialism.” Contributing a small combined arms force, the Armenians distinguish themselves in the Battle of Tikrit, where several casualties are reported but a significant symbolic victory is achieved in Saddam’s birthplace. For many at home, it is seen as proof that Armenia’s military, though small, can stand with the rest of the world and work with partners to achieve its foreign policy goals.
-With new money coming in from inside and out, infrastructure development is increased to make it easier to visit and see Armenia’s countryside. Tax breaks are given to the tourist industry to build more touristy attractions and bring in foreign attention and income. Slowly but surely, Armenia is shedding its reputation as a forgotten country.
-Tuition costs are cut at public universities and technical schools across Armenia to increase uptake of higher education, a key generator of social mobility and economic development.
-With the technological sector growing and government discretionary spending increasing, significant funding is channeled into technological developments as part of Armenia’s modern industrial shift. Among other items, the initiative yields a number of IT software applications and a premium hi-fi MP3 player, one of the few such devices offered on the market. Though manufacturing of the device is inevitably contracted out to China, it is still more proof that Armenia is able to compete as a center of innovation.
-Traditionally focused on light industry, a shift is made to heavier industry products as farm equipment and vehicles both domestically designed and built under license are produced for the first time in Armenian factories. The first cars to be made by Armenian hands in Armenia are assembled as Renault opens a factory to build compact cars for a mobilizing eastern European market.
-An important advance in this transition to heavy industry occurs as (literal) hardware and software merge through the creation of computer-regulated pneumatic tools are perfected on an Armenian testbed. Capable of serving as part of an industrial robotics system or improving general workplace efficiency, these systems have a variety of industrial applications.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)

-Ending a protracted conflict over the tiny eastern European nation of Moldova, Germany oversees the signing of a peace treaty between Romania and Eurasia. After changing hands many times, Moldovans hope the deal will be a lasting relief from the conflict.
-The Bundesmarine purchases a single Seawolf-class nuclear fast attack submarine from the United States for a small sum of three billion-with-a-B dollars. The inconspicuously named U37 will be the pride of the German u-boat fleet once delivered, and will serve alongside an additional ten Type 212 diesel submarines, which cost a mere 370 million Euros a pop.
-Reserves for the land forces are also modernized as more PzH 2000 Self-Propelled Artillery units, HMRS surface-to-surface missiles, and Leopard 2A6 tanks are produced to expand the size of Germany’s mechanized forces.
-European NATO members hold war games in northern Norway simulating an invasion from the east. The experience of the Norwegians in operating in this environment is passed along to members from southern Europe, and the opportunity is valuable for improving the integration and force readiness of newly admitted members from the east.
-In the wake of the attacks in the US, police and paramilitary forces are given funding to increase their counter-terrorism capabilities and their ability to collect intelligence. While the surveillance is often controversial, the increased police action is overall seen as necessary to ensure the security of German cities that could be targeted in the future.
-FR Yugoslavia, Kosovo, Croatia, and Albania are brought to a committee to revise their borders to find a more natural fit. However, with all parties facing pressures from nationalists back home not to give an inch of sovereign territory, it seems too early for a lasting agreement on the troublesome borders of the Balkans.
-After a long discussion and rounds of negotiations, the Treaty of Marseilles is passed to once again reform the European Union. Emphasizing “Strength Through Unity” in times of crisis, it looks to continue bringing member states together on issues such as the economy, defense, and internal security.
-The Hartz Labor Reforms are passed to support a number of labor and labor education initiatives, while increasing the number of job centers for those looking for work or to build their skills for a new industry. Hartz IV includes a number of reforms backed by the Social Democrats, such as healthcare for unemployed workers, while setting an unemployment benefit at 400 Euros per month.
-The Brandenburgische Gemeinschaft für Industrielle Forschung forges a partnership with FANUC of Japan to work on the goal of lights-out manufacturing. The agreement will see the Brandenburg facility experiment with new designs that can further automate major industries such as automobiles and arms.
-Germany’s largest technological advancement in this term comes in the form of a Generation III-tier fission reactor design, implemented at the plant under construction in Bavaria. More efficient and safer than previous designs, the innovative design of this reactor will be able to supply Germany’s needs for many decades to come.

VietnamFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Communist Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Communist Party)

-The Tri-Nation Energy Association passes a framework to designate future nuclear power plant sites and select designs for safe, efficient reactors. With the help of researchers from the Vietnamese National University of Hanoi, Vietnam comes up with a Generation III reactor design of its own, a feat that surprises many. With many given the jitters over the possibility of nuclear weapons proliferation, the International Atomic Energy Agency is granted extensive access to make frequent inspections and ensure that all activity is for peaceful means.
-At Vietnam’s lead, the South Asian Conservation Commission is created with Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand to lead conservation efforts in the region, placing the commission in charge of nature and wildlife reserve as well as tracking emissions and the use and disposal of toxic materials by industry.
-Conservation efforts are also redoubled, as large portions of Vietnam are designated by the South Asian Conservation Commission as wildlife corridors to protect the Asian Tigers and other species that contribute to the rich biodiversity of the jungles. Vietnam’s neighbors in Laos and Cambodia quickly follow suit to create their own corridors and defend the habitats of these majestic and symbolic creatures.
-Vietnam passes a resolution to become a carbon sink by 2010, cutting emissions and protecting forests to the extent that the net carbon generated is less than the net carbon consumed by Vietnam’s flora. While it won’t offset the massive emissions of its northerly neighbor, becoming a carbon sink sets a positive example to the rest of the industrial world.
-The death penalty is officially abolished for all crimes as an inhumane punishment. Rights groups celebrate the end of this practice, which was previously carried out by firing squad and often seen as causing unnecessary suffering.
-With the signing of a trade agreement with Brazil, large industrial estates are set up outside of major cities to facilitate manufacturing of textile products. These factory complexes are placed for prime access to shipping resources such as ports and railways, as well as accessibility for commuting workers.
-As the Communist Party moves to position itself as a normal participant in Vietnamese politics (albeit one with a mandated 50% representation), the Central Theocratic Council and Secretariat are both abolished, streamlining the Party and cutting down on the bureaucracy that previously plagued Vietnam as a single-party state.
-A number of Vietnamese textile firms expand their business into Turkey, forming exclusivity deals and hiring Turkish workers to work the shops. Previously export-focused, Vietnam begins to look at the multidomestic and transnational models of industry.
-Vietnam also begins to ramp up coffee exports to China, seeking to unseat the South Americans as the number one exporter of Arabica beans to China and use its location advantage. Building on its dominance in the bordering region, Vietnamese beans and brews begin to work their way northward.
-The Dien Tien Hoang, Vietnam’s first light aircraft carrier, begins construction at Da Nang. When deployed, the ship will be a significant step up for Vietnam’s ability to project naval power farther beyond its shores, hosting helicopters and perhaps even a small number of STOVL jets.

TurkeyFlag
JeSuisIkea - Republic of Turkey
Head of State: General Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu (Peace at Home Council)

-Once again, Turkey’s military intervenes to protect Ataturk’s dream of a Kemalist, secular Turkey that is not beholden to foreign powers or ideologies. Tanks are deployed in the streets and the standing government arrested as they are vetted for Islamist sympathies. Those who meet the discretion of the Junta are freed and allowed to run for office in a future election at a non-determined time, with the rest imprisoned and permanently banned from politics.
-Representatives of the Junta travel to New York City to observe the destruction there and lead prayers for the victims at the Islamic Cultural Center. They meet with President Gore shortly after his discharge from the hospital and resumption of duties to reiterate Turkey’s dedication to all of its UN and NATO obligations and show its support for the war on terror, as well as pledging any forces necessary to defeat the perpetrators of the 11/9 attack.
-Aiming to promote reformed Islam, the Islamic Society of Peace and Progress is formed to encourage and support moderates and reformists throughout the Muslim world. Fethullah Gülen’s Hizmet Movement is invited to participate in this organization, and Gülen himself becomes one of its leaders, establishing service and education as a central goal of the movement.
-Declaring Saddam Hussein a major threat to peace that cannot be allowed to persist, Turkey demands that his government end its war with Iran and step down in favor of a freely elected government. With their ultimatum ignored, Turkey holds negotiations with regional powers to form a coalition and invade Iraq. Initially, only Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, and Armenia join the alliance, while the United States sends in a force of armed drones after the skies are cleared. Kuwait later joins after seeing the plans to partition Iraq, seeing the possibility of eliminating a long-time threat, and Jordanian and Emirati forces are convinced to join after Jordanian observers are attacked by the Iraqis. A hefty price is offered to any Iraqi who can bring in Saddam alive, and multiple such attempts by Iraqi citizens are repulsed by the elite Republican Guard.
-Using tactics called “Strike and Fear” originating from similarly named US doctrine, Turkish armor and infantry forces race southward and conduct a “Thunder Run” on Baghdad after an intense air campaign by coalition forces. Syrian and Jordanian forces sweep in from the west to take Ramadi and Fallujah as UAE and Kuwaiti forces push northward. Within two months, the already battered Iraqi Army has collapsed and Iraq is in coalition hands. More than 500 casualties are reported in the coalition, most of them in a mustard gas attack on unprepared Turkish soldiers in the Karada neighborhood, however the victory is decisive for the coalition. Saddam, who is so deranged he does not even believe the invasion is actually occurring until Turkish tanks are at the gates of his palace, makes a suicidal charge at the enemy and is cut down. The Ba’athist era is over, as is the unity of the Iraqi state.
-In the wake of the invasion, a number of suspected Al-Qaeda operatives and sympathizers are rounded up and deported to the US facility at Guantanamo Bay. Many more are thought to be underground, and several surface in Ramadi and Fallujah after they fall to insurgents.
-With the war over, the Turkish-led coalition sets to work partitioning Iraq, turning the Shiite-dominated south into a new and smaller Republic of Iraq, the Sunni west into Jazira, and granting the Kurdistan Regional Government full sovereignty as the Kurdish Republic. The Turks hope this three-state solution will bring a lasting peace, but keep peacekeepers present to make sure of it. In Iraq, where Shia Arabs have been agitating for independence with increased intensity during the war with Iran, the new nation shapes up quickly and seeks to use its oil wealth to bring it future success. Trouble brews in the Sunni-dominated state of Jazira, however, as former Saddam loyalists from the Fedayeen, Sunni nationalist militias, and Al-Qaeda members manage to push the peacekeeping force out of Ramadi and Fallujah, declaring the beginning of a Salafist, Sunni Iraqi state.
-The military authorities work to begin repairing Turkey’s relationship with its Kurdish minority, first by working with the Peshmerga to liberate Iraq from the dictator that had terrorized Kurds for decades, and later within its own borders. In southeastern Turkey, Kurds are granted greater freedoms under a locally-elected Kurdish Autonomous Authority. Members of the PKK and other groups are given the chance to gain amnesty and enter peaceful politics if they lay down their arms, leading to a split in the organization as most take up the offer but a large portion opt to continue the fight for total independence.
-In a stunning move that totally reverses the policy of previous administrations, the Armenian Genocide is formally acknowledged by the ruling Junta and schools are ordered to teach about it in the same light as the Holocaust in Germany. The military declares that an honest soldier such as Ataturk would have clearly disapproved of this events, and that this step is necessary to heal wounds in the area. A memorial is constructed in Ayaka, consisting of a marble wall listing the names of known victims, and Armenians are encouraged to name victims from their families for inclusion on the wall. A small reparation is paid to each Armenian victim’s family, which while small and not remotely enough to make up for the loss of priceless life, proves to be a significant stimulus to Armenia’s economy.
-The Turks do not totally bury the hatchet with Armenia, however, as the Junta decisively rejects Armenia’s territorial claims on Turkey in the wake of nationalist protests against the genocide recognition. The border is reinforced substantially, even as the land blockade is lifted for the first time since independence.
-The Junta orders a number of economic reforms, raising adequacy ratios to cut default risks, continuing privatization of state-run industries, and merging together several state-run banks to improve services offered at individual branches and offices.
-Cannabis and other soft drugs are legalized and taxed to help the economy, drive down rates of incarceration, and improve Turkey’s appeal as a tourist destination, with Istanbul becoming a new stoner haven for those seeking a high time.
-New fiber cables are buried across Turkey as the internet infrastructure of the nation takes a significant leap forward, improving service nationwide and expanding the Internet's reach and speeds in the city and country.

BrazilFlag
YogiTheWise - Federative Republic of Brazil
Head of State/Government: President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Social Democratic Party)

-President Fernando Henrique Cardoso visits the USA for a meeting with President Al Gore. He roundly condemns the terrorist attack, offers Brazil’s sympathies, and offers Brazil’s assistance in any form needed. Realizing that when America sneezes, the world catches cold, Cardoso also stresses the importance of facilitating economic recovery. The two agree on a tariff reduction agreement to alleviate the economic distress somewhat and facilitate resumption of growth.
-Brazil also signs an agreement on trade with Vietnam, receiving Vietnamese textiles and exporting Brazilian steel as the Trans-Asian Railway progresses, helping to reduce Brazil’s dependence on business with its immediate neighbors as the two begin to duel on their coffee exports.
-A stimulus package including reduced interest loans and other financial instruments such as relaxed tariffs is signed with Argentina as Brazil’s largest trading partner has fallen deeper into recession after the shock to the global economy. This move begins to bring stability back to Argentina and moves the two trading partners closer together.
-Brazil’s police and military receives a large shipment of small arms and Dingo armored vehicles from Germany, pressing them into service with counter-terrorism and anti-gang units to bolster their effectiveness in dangerous areas.
-Brazil’s housing authorities begin drafting a drastic housing plan to reduce populations in the favelas and award spaces in middle-class neighborhoods to qualified residents. Those who are awarded placement will be expected to keep up on rent and neighborly expectations with those already present, leading many to question how the plan will be made feasible.
-Road construction projects are initiated in the Amazon to begin connecting the Manaus and a number of other rural communities with the rest of Brazil. Though many environmentalists protest what the construction plans entail, the effort moves forward and surveying begins.
-In what will be remembered as a critical turning point in the war on drugs, Cannabis is legalized and subjected to taxation. Many of the criminal groups responsible for production of marijuana are forced to switch to harder drugs and lose significant amounts of their popularity.
-Hoping to catch up with the tech revolution, IT firms and startups are given a significant subsidy to innovate and grow. Following the trend of other leading and developing nations, Brazil joins an increasingly competitive global tech scene.
-A large scale police operation is launched to crack down on corruption in public life, focusing on possible links to organized crime. “Operation Car Wash” nets a number of low level politicians who are sentenced to lengthy prison sentences, as well as a few lower court judges.
-A Brazilian firm creates “SpyNet” one of the most capable anti-spyware software programs to date. This program will contribute greatly to cybersecurity across Brazil as government institutions install the program to prevent intrusion by hackers near and far, independent and state-sponsored.

Turn 6: July 1st to December 31th 2002

Gorillaz - Tomorrow Comes Today (Official Video)03:15

Gorillaz - Tomorrow Comes Today (Official Video)

Turn tune

TheEndofHistoryTurn6PoliticalMap

Political map of Turn 6;
now using the TOASTER color scheme

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=52003611&viewfull=1#post52003611

World Events:

Nuclear Attack Devastates Beijing: A horrific nuclear attack kills more than 150,000 people and injures half a million more during a meeting of the Chinese Politburo. The attack leaves China in a state of chaos in spite of the military’s assumption of power, and a full recovery will take years. More details located here.
The Second Sino-Indian War: Following China’s annexation of Bhutan, the nationalist government in India declares it has had enough and launches a bombing campaign against the Chinese positions there. After the nuclear attack on Beijing, however, they go all in and attempt to take back all their territorial claims from China. They face stiff resistance from surprisingly well-prepared defenders, however, and casualties are high after a series of indecisive battles and slow but bloody progress.
The Third Echelon Hunts Terror: Formed after the attack on Beijing, a multinational terrorist force led by permanent members of the UNSC is formed and sent to search for the perpetrators. Though they find nothing conclusive on the nuclear attacks, they foil an attempt by opponents of the new Chechen government and assisted by Al-Qaeda to attack Dubrovka theater in Moscow. More details located here.
Global Markets Crash: With chaos and destruction in one of the world’s largest economies, a shaky global economy begins to fall apart as oil prices spike, investment plummets, and global trade drops significantly. A financial crisis approaching the scale of the Great Depression begins to set in as governments scramble to soothe investors and restart the economy.
Nepal Falls to Maoists: Economic dissatisfaction and gains by the Nepalese Maoists see the government there deposed and Maoists sweeping to power. The monarchy is toppled and a People’s Republic of Nepal declared to guide the Himalayan nation along the path of Communism.
The People’s Mujahideen Sweep to Power in Iran: In an election that stuns the region by electing Maryam Rajavi as Iran’s first female president, leftists surge to power aided by their wartime reputation and begin working to rebuild Iran in their image.
Sudan and Libya Fall to UN-Backed Forces: After an intense campaign by Egypt, the governments of Sudan and Libya are finally toppled in a UN and AU sponsored campaign, with the Security Council left to begin the work of shaping a future for these nations.
Karimov Overthrown: Economic dissatisfaction boosted by his shift towards China sees Islam Karimov ousted in Uzbekistan by the Golden Revolution, with Muhammad Salih and his Erk Party taking control and promising to secure his country’s economic future.
Iraq Reunifies, but Trouble Remains: With the exit of Turkish forces, UN peacekeepers take their place and reunify Iraq per Turkey's agreement. The peacekeeping force manages to quell some of the nationalist and terrorist forces, but they retain a serious presence in the Sunni-dominated areas. Meanwhile, Shiite radicals expelled from Iran are beginning to turn the Shiite-dominated south towards extremism. Several car bombs explode in Baghdad as opposing sides show their strength.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President Albert “Al” Gore (Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: A+ (Negative Outlook)

-Tensions with China are at an all-time high as the US prepares for the possibility of war with the largest Asian power. With sea power key to victory in a cross-Pacific conflict, a pair of new Seawolf-class submarines, the USS Brooklyn and USS Hunley, as well as five Arleigh Burke-class destroyers are ordered and quickly laid down in an economy that is quickly shifting into wartime production mode.
-With a major pivot to the Pacific underway, the US Navy re-establishes the Fourth Fleet, centering around the brand new supercarrier USS Ronald Reagan and her battlegroup. The Fourth Fleet sets sail from Pearl Harbor to join the Third and Seventh Fleets at US bases in Japan, where they will await orders for what could be the largest naval engagement since the second World War.
-With huge fear of the threat posed by Chinese nuclear-armed missiles, billions of dollars of funding is plowed into the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense System (THAAD) and Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System. While they still won’t be sufficient to defeat an ICBM directed at the homeland or other bases, these systems play a vital role in protecting US and friendly forces stationed in China’s near domain and will be able to defeat medium-range ballistic missiles with much greater reliability than the Patriot Missile System.
-All across the country, propaganda and recruitment campaigns encourage young people to join the armed forces. The campaign is a huge success and adds hundreds of thousands of recruits as the overall number of personnel swells to 1.9 million, aided by a swell in patriotic fervor and ultimately by the recessed economy’s relative inability to employ youth.
-With the country on a collision course with China, US companies operating in China are offered subsidies to help cover the cost of returning home and moving their capital back. Most take up the offer, and few need encouragement after the destruction of Beijing. American capital flees China en masse, wiping out huge earning potential from this massive market and erasing great growth potential, but with the capital in ashes and war with India, most of these firms realize there wasn’t that much money left to make in China.
-In spite of an early strong showing by hawkish anti-China Republicans, the midterm elections are dominated by Democrats, who take control of both houses of Congress. With Beijing in ruins and China at war with India, it seems the impending war has been averted and focus turns to the economy as workers turn to the President and his party’s promise of infrastructure spending and other stimulus programs to dig the economy out of this unprecedented crisis.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (Liberal Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: A (Negative Outlook)

-A massive influx of US personnel, ships, and aircraft begins at US bases across Japan. While historically this has been a source of conflict, and the sheer number of personnel overwhelms local infrastructure in places like Okinawa, the need for this defensive assistance seems clear given the high tensions in the region.
-Japan attempts to gain even more foreign defensive support by inviting its other Asian allies to join a defensive pact aimed at China. After initial progress, the deal falls apart as the Chinese government is wiped out and the threat they pose is reduced even further by the war with India.
-The JASDF begins moving its aircraft and patrol aircraft southward from Hokkaido to Kyushu to prepare for any eventualities with China. All of Japan’s possible reserves are mobilized as the Self-Defense Forces are put at the maximum alert level. All ships of the Marine Self-Defense Forces are put to sea to enforce the new exclusion zone and hunt for Chinese submarine activity. In a more controversial move, Anti-Aircraft Artillery and radars are stationed on the disputed Senkaku Islands, angering both the PRC and Taiwan, though neither is prepared to take any action.
-An exclusion zone is established to block all Chinese ships and aircraft approaching Japan within a 120 kilometer radius. Though it is seen as excessive by many and puts a serious damper on trade, the attack in Beijing shows that the possibility of a loose nuclear weapon from China is too great to ignore, and one must be prevented from arriving in Japan at all costs.
-After Prime Minister Mori steps down, snap elections are called to build a government that can face the new challenges of this tense time period. The Liberal Democrats again sweep the elections on a platform of nationalism even greater than before and select Junichiro Koizumi as their head. The new PM is largely seen as a nationalist maverick, known for his focus on the economy and military as well as his controversial membership of Nippon Kaigi and visits to the Yasukuni Shrine.
-As the threat from China diminishes somewhat and the economy suffers, Prime Minister Koizumi orders a focus on infrastructure spending, taking out government debt to fund port, railway, and electrical infrastructure improvements. With Japan’s infrastructure already like clockwork, it is hoped that bringing it to a level that can rival the Swiss will make investment in Japan more attractive in this difficult environment.
-Japan’s joint datalink system is extended to its anti-submarine warfare systems, maritime including patrol aircraft, sonobuoys, and sub-hunting ships, as well as those of allied nations. The improvement in response time helps to lock down the waters of these nations and ensure that any hostile or unidentified submarine will have even fewer windows to slip through.

ChinaPLAFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: General Guo Boxiong (People’s Liberation Army Emergency Administration)
Credit Rating: D (Default)

-After being accused of complicity with the nuclear attack on New York, China emphatically denies any state connection to the attack and opens up several of its facilities to an investigation by international authorities. The investigation is cut short, however, as Beijing is devastated by a nuclear attack of its own. The Communist Party leadership is wiped out almost in its entirety, and the People’s Liberation Army takes over under a temporary government led by General Guo Boxiong based in Guangzhou. The attack devastates the economy and cripples all governmental institutions, save for the military, which soon faces a test of its own.
-In China’s small southern neighbor of Bhutan, a group of military officers loyal to China force the abdication of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck and proclaim Chinese dominion over the nation in mid-August. The Indian government, long infuriated with China’s actions, finally reaches its breaking point. With Beijing destroyed and nothing holding them back, India declares war and invades Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan, and China’s territory in Kashmir. Despite the Chinese government’s instability, the Indians find the defenders heavily dug into expansive fortifications that lead deep into the Himalayas. At tremendous human cost, they overcome several of these defensive lines and make some headway, but as the situation in China stabilizes and more soldiers can be sent from keeping order on the home front, the tide can still turn. India’s troops are also facing a number of insurgencies in the northeast, and are often killed far behind the lines by myriad rebel groups in the region.
-In early July, the Chinese government lowers corporate taxes to encourage foreign corporations to come, closing loopholes to cover the difference. This comes just in time for American corporations to begin pulling out of China for fear of a war between the two, but it is not enough to encourage companies to enter China once the fallout from the Beijing attack reaches the economy.
-Still, the new military administration pledges to stay the course economically wherever possible to attempt to normalize the situation. Financial institutions and reserves will have to be rebuilt from scratch however, and the road to recovery will be lengthy and only made more difficult by the war with India.

EurasianFlag
Griffster26 - Eurasian Federation
Head of State: Supreme Leader Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Premier Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)
Credit Rating: CCC+ (Negative Outlook)

-Eurasian forces join with the newly formed Afghan National Army in Operation Durrani, a major push to eliminate the Afghan Taliban as a fighting force once and for all. A brutal counterinsurgency campaign is waged in the east along the border with Pakistan and sees the Taliban smoked out of its last major strongholds, with not a village left to fly its flag over. With fighters disguising themselves as civilians and continuing to launch sporadic attacks in Kabul and elsewhere, it is apparent that the Afghans and Eurasians will have to continue their campaign well into the future to totally eliminate these fanatics. Still, Afghanistan has been made whole again, and the Soviet failures of the 1980s are finally vindicated.
-To wean the Afghans off of Eurasian support, the Afghan National Army is given a major training and equipment program, with weapons and military vehicles pouring into the new force as well as advisors to train these soldiers to modern standards. This job proves risky as three officers are killed in an attack by a turncoat soldier loyal to the Taliban, but the necessity of stabilizing the nation is critical to making sure the Eurasian adventure there can be called a permanent success.
-Arms are also sent to the Angolan government in their conflict with remnants of Savimbi’s UNITA forces. This helps the government to tighten its grasp on the nation and finish off these once capable forces for good.
-Following the lead of Vietnam, prostitution is legalized across most of Eurasia, though the Islamic-influenced constituent republics in the south exercise their right to reject the legalization on their territories. Prostitutes are required to report on a frequent basis to the Ministry of Health for thorough physical and psychological examination, in order to ensure the safest experience for the clientele.
-Firearm ownership is also legalized, much to the delight of enthusiasts. Background checks are required to assess the eligibility of potential buyers and keep weapons out of the hands of criminals and the disturbed, though the illegal channels to obtain them haven’t exactly disappeared.
-With an environmental disaster on its hands in the Aral Sea and surrounding region, projects to prevent a further evaporation of the sea begin and slowly start to reverse the sea’s contraction, returning water from the Amu Darya and Syr Dyra rivers and reducing the salinity enough to reintroduce a few hardy species of fish.
-With the fear of weapons of mass destruction running amok, the Aralsk-7 laboratory is also cleared of all remaining NBC weapons, and this legacy of the Soviet era is shuttered for good.
-Another Soviet environmental disaster is addressed as Ukraine and the constituent republic of Belarus receive funding to compensate for damages caused by the Chernobyl disaster and pay for continued cleanup as a replacement for the Sarcophagus is planned.
-Eurasia continues to warm ties with Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, growing relations in a less intimidating manner as the region sees great turbulence with the overthrow of the Uzbek regime and nearby war in the Himalayas.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)
Credit Rating: B+ (Stable Outlook)

-After diplomatic maneuvering secures UN support for its actions, the Egyptians move to pull off the coup de grâce on Sudan and Libya. Forces make their way south towards Khartoum, pausing to drop leaflets warning civilians to evacuate or stay in their homes, and offering soldiers the chance to serve in a reconstituted Sudanese Army and keep their rifles if they desert the current regime and sit out the battle. Many take up the offer as Sudan the city is running out of food and cut off from the outside world. However, the Battle of Khartoum is still a bloody affair that sees hundreds of Egyptians and thousands of Sudanese troops killed as special forces fight street to street alongside armored fighting vehicles. After several weeks, Khartoum falls, ending the war and sending Omar Al-Bashir into hiding.
-Against Egypt’s wishes, Darfur opts to become an independent state aligned with Chad and South Sudan and led by Minni Minnawi. Immediately dependent on foreign aid that is slow to come in the current economic environment, it is not expected that this experiment with independence will last very long.
-With Sudan settled, Egypt turns its attention to Libya. Not wanting to become bogged down with battles for each and every city along the coast, the Egyptians circumvent Benghazi, Sirte, and Tripoli, linking up with forces in the west to control the vast majority of the coastline and besiege the coastal cities as Chadian forces move in to take the remote desert cities of the south. With a blockade in effect the coastal strongholds slowly break as supplies from overseas fail to reach the besieged cities. Coopting the tactic from the Turks, Egyptian forces carry out a series of Thunder Runs into these cities, taking higher casualties but causing huge disruption. Before long, the populace breaks and Gaddafi is killed in his Tripoli palace by mutineering soldiers. With its wars finally over, Egypt sets up a transitional government and awaits the UN’s decision on the ultimate governmental solution for its neighbor.
-Victorious in its wars, Egypt begins to realize that it has begun to look threatening to many of its neighbors in the AU. In order to ease the tensions between Egypt and the Brother Leaders of the AU, the Egyptian delegation presents a statute that would prevent states including itself from “undermining the integrity of fellow African states” so long as “basic human rights are upheld within their borders.” This is accompanied by an extensive presentation on the human rights abuses that occurred in Sudan and Libya before the Egyptian intervention. Several states such as Ethiopia and Eritrea are reluctant to sign the statute, refusing to allow it to be implemented unless a more direct definition of human rights is added to prevent this statute from being interpreted against them.
-In both Egypt and its temporarily occupied territories in northern Sudan, a network of national water pipelines and fiber optic cables begins construction. Though coverage is expanded significantly, the parliament struggles to allocate money for further continuation of the project as the budget tightens and expected revenue drops substantially.
-Nevertheless, the University of Alexandria is given a grant to build an observatory in the Western Desert as part of Egypt’s continued space ambitions that will continue no matter the conditions.
-To this end, the University also develops a new agricultural satellite, and once it finds a launch partner the “Eye of the Nile” will be able to better map agricultural land and plan future irrigation plants as well as crop rotations based on extensive monitoring of soil and weather conditions from above.
-With Egypt’s current healthcare system as universally loathed as it is universal, a new system based on the Bismarck Model is introduced, implementing sickness funds and privatizing hospitals to improve on the abysmal conditions there. While the stipends aren’t able to provide as much care to patients as initially hoped due to the sharp economic downturn, with patients still forced to pay out of pocket for major procedures and long term sickness, the basic standards of everyday care greatly improve.

IranConfederativeFlag
Zillamaster55 - Confederation of Iran
Head of State/Government: President Maryam Rajavi (People’s Mujahideen)
Credit Rating: CC- (Positive Outlook)

-A Constitutional Committee is convened to design and implement the new law of the land. The new document enshrines the separation of mosque and state, freedom of speech and assembly, democratic elections, and freedom of movement. While Iran’s institutions are not yet strong enough to enforce it in all corners of society, the document is proof that even as the world spirals out of control, new democracies can be born from the chaos.
-Iranian Senate elections in September see the People’s Mujahideen ride to power on a left-wing populist wave that gives them a large enough bloc to dominate a coalition with the Communists and more moderate Organization of Iranian People’s Fedaian. They will have a strong mandate as their promises only become more popular as international trade goes on the retreat and capitalism is portrayed as appearing to fail the people once again. They will still face opposition from remnants of the old system, as the minority movement is dominated by the theocratic Modern Thinkers Party of Islamic Iran and has strong influences from the far-Aria Party, which is a bastion of members of the former Revolutionary Guards Corps.
-The presidential election sees a similar victory for the People’s Mujahideen, as founding member Maryam Rajavi is elected the country’s first female leader, a notion that would have been unthinkable a few short months ago in Iran and indeed the greater region.
-Iran requests and receives a defensive pact with the Eurasian Federation, under which the two nations are obliged to defend each other if attacked by an external power. This goes a long way to ensuring that Iran will remain stable as it rebuilds its government.
-With the power to steer Iran’s future dealt out, the new government sets to work attempting to set a budget. It is difficult enough to locate all of the old regime’s assets, but once this is done a basic spending pattern modeled off the interim government’s designs is put into place to keep the lights on as policy is built. What little discretionary spending can be found is allocated to restoring infrastructure destroyed in the war or neglected by the previous regime, and to bringing electricity to rural regions, which functions as a sign of goodwill in heavily pro-regime areas.
-To raise funds and take the country off of its war footing, the army is demobilized and cut to a quarter of its original size. The demobilized forces are put to work repairing destroyed and damaged homes and infrastructure in Khuzestan, which had served as the heart of the MEK’s revolution and sustained the greatest damage in the war with Iraq.
-Not wanting to antagonize the deeply divided forces in the region nor enflame the debate in its own parliament over how to respond to Turkey’s actions, Iran refuses to endorse or reject the partition of its former foe Iraq. With the drastic reduction in military size, however, it seems a weakened Iraq will remain favorable to Iran’s security overall.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)
Credit Rating: BB- (Negative Outlook)

-Armenia’s Silence and Brazil’s SpyNet team up to work on finding holes and exploits in their software programs. Both firms end up with more robust, capable defensive programs as a result of this collaboration at a fairly low cost.
-Border restrictions with Azerbaijan are dropped and Armenia unilaterally allows free movement into Armenia from Azerbaijan. While the frontier will remain defended and the Azeris do not reciprocate the act, the move is a significant act in repairing the relations between the two former rivals. They do manage to secure an agreement on a Trans-Caucasian International Highway, that will begin construction and link the networks of these two states as well as Georgia and Azerbaijan. With the global economy sliding, however, many of the improvements to this network fall to the wayside as all four struggle to find funds for this project.
-An agreement on defense and general tariff reductions is passed with Georgia in an attempt to lower prices on consumer goods as well as essential foodstuffs, which helps to keep some spending in era when consumer confidence is reaching all time lows. Armenia and Georgia also agree to mutually assist in preserving each other’s sovereignty on lands not currently contested, providing some mild relief from fears of an attack spurred on by all the global instability.
-Portions of the Armenian Armed Forces are sent to Egypt to train and prepare for possible future operations in a desert environment. The experience of Egyptian officers and their stories from the front prove to be invaluable in preparing for such a future conflict should it come.
-With the assistance of the special forces, soldiers are selected to form anti-terrorist squads to seek out and destroy any potential terrorist cells within the country. Though it is a small target, Armenia takes no chances in preventing the fate that has befallen the US and China.
-Near where the border of Armenia meets those of Azerbaijan and Georgia, a large spire is constructed to symbolize unity among the people of the Caucasus. A visible sign of Armenia’s charm offensive in the region, some nationalists object to the monument, but most welcome it and the possibility of future cooperation in a time when much bigger and more unpredictable players are making risky moves.
-As it continues to move into heavier industries, Armenia’s computerized pneumatic tools are implemented in all industries that could benefit from this technology, and the apparatuses are sold to a number of foreign firms seeking to innovate. Though trade is dropping substantially and coffers are starting run low, a few nations are still willing to purchase the relatively cheap and durable Armenian products.
-An austerity program is put into place that slashes benefits for unemployed workers who do not spend at least part of their time working at non-profits. Though seen as harsh by many, it is a sign that the government will do whatever it takes to preserve economic stability when it is under assault.
-A program to promote cycling and cut pollution and congestion is implemented in Yerevan. With the price of gasoline on the rise and the price of cars less accessible, new bike lanes and pedestrian-only areas prove popular as much of the driving population switches to alternative and mass transit to save money. Bringing bicycles on mass transit is encouraged with new bike racks on buses and bike racks at major destinations throughout the city.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: A (Negative Outlook)

-Balancing two separate multinational military command structures, Germany continues working to further integrate with EU and NATO allies. The land forces integrate further with those of the Netherlands, while the Air Force ups its cooperation with the French, creating the potential for combined task forces under German-French command. For the infantry, Germany begins to redesign its firearms to accept the French 6.5mm and .280 British cartridges, encouraging the neighboring nations to do the same. Most end up adopting a dual standard, maintaining older weapons with the NATO standard to stay prepared to fight under either banner.
-The Navy sees a shakeup to approach unified European command as well with a joint European shipbuilding initiative that is inaugurated with the laying down of a new aircraft carrier. The EUS Schuman will be larger than the Charles De Gaulle and jointly operated by EU member state navies. When complete, it will join the newly received U-37 at sea, serving as the EU’s surface flagship while the Seawolf-class sub lurks below the waves.
-Though the threat of terrorism keeps interest in the national defense high, steps are taken to begin balancing the budget out, putting a damper on some of the enthusiastic spending of previous years and shifting a bit of the responsibility elsewhere in the EU and NATO. However, the intelligence budget is expanded as a cost-effective way of fighting terrorism.
-New taxes and increased taxes are imposed to cover some of the budget shortcomings, including an increase in VAT and a carbon tax that will be phased in over five years. However, electric vehicles are incentivized with less taxes on their purchase and subsidies for their purchase. Light electric vehicles become increasingly popular with commuters as oil prices rise.
-In an aggressive move to expand its manufacturing and resource base, German firms that face stiff competition in the European market receive subsidies for their advancements in robotic manufacturing and automation. Several factories in southern and eastern Europe that are hard-hit by the financial crisis are acquired by German conglomerates for reconstitution under their models. Germany also pushes its nuclear energy industry to invest in new plants in eastern Europe, however the investment environment sees them unwilling to risk the massive expenditure of these plants.
-Germany grants an additional €700 million per year to the ESA for establishment of the Galileo global navigation satellite system to prepare for its first satellite launch. When complete, this system will offer a European alternative to the US-controlled GPS or Eurasian-controlled GLONASS.
-Seeing the effectiveness of drones in dangerous aerial environments, Germany develops an ultra long range reconnaissance drone. Called the Seeschwalbe for its long range, this large drone will be able to report the situation in distant lands with no pilot at risk.

VietnamFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Green People’s Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Green People’s Party)
Credit Rating: CCC (Negative Outlook)

-The Communist Party surprises the world by rebranding itself as the Green People’s Party, declaring that the protection of the environment has become entwined with the protection of worker’s rights and adopting a platform of Eco-Socialism.
-As a part of this initiative, a raft of new environmental regulations are introduced, mandating solar panels on the rooftops of all new buildings and banning diesel vehicles in inner-cities between 5 PM and 5 AM to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions and choking smog. A cap-and-trade scheme is implemented for the largest Vietnamese factories, and the timber industry sees stricter replanting requirements to ensure regrowth of the forests.
-In a major step towards resolving the disputes over the Paracel and Spratly Islands, Vietnam signs a deal with the new Chinese government and the Philippines to designate these areas as demilitarized maritime wildlife reserves, barring oil drilling and the stationing of soldiers or ships at the islands.
-Early in July, the Tri-Nation Energy Association signs a deal with China on the import of rare-earth metals for nuclear energy projects. However, the main part of the deal falls through as China’s nuclear materials stockpile is put on lockdown during a period of close international monitoring, followed by military control following the destruction of Beijing. Vietnam will have to wait for normalization of the situation in China or find another source to get its nuclear program started.
-This does not stop Vietnamese researchers from looking into a third option, however. Working off the progress of previous researchers abroad, Vietnam begins to design a thorium-based nuclear reactor. The progress made in this field is surprising, and while it is an expensive program, the rate of progress suggests the possibility of the first test reactor coming on line by the end of 2003. However, maintaining this rate of progress will require continued funding at a high rate, which will require investment that is increasingly difficult to find.
-Continuing security integration with its neighbors, Cambodia agrees to create a combined military force with Vietnam and Laos to better secure itself and its neighbors in the age of nuclear terrorism, putting its forces under the shared command structure.
-Laotian citizens are also invited to join the Vietnamese Navy, as the landlocked nation has no way to protect its interests at sea. Many Laotians join for the new possibility of job security offered by military service offered, even if by another nation, though for obvious reasons few of the applicants have any prior sailing experience.
-With the Trans-Asian railway hitting a snag in countries that are less able to fund the project during the recessed economy, Vietnam reaches out to Cambodia and Malaysia to provide some of the funding for their segments. Budget constraints end up limiting their generosity, however, as Vietnam finds itself struggling to fund the project to its full planned potential.
-As the global textile market declines, Vietnam moves to try and steal a place in the Indian-dominated Angolan and Saudi markets. With the war between India and China introducing the threat of trade disruption, several importers in these countries agree to switch to Vietnam as their source, giving some good news to the Vietnamese textile industry in a year that has been nothing short of a nightmare for the market as a whole.

TurkeyFlag
JeSuisIkea - Republic of Turkey
Head of State: General Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu (Peace at Home Council)
Credit Rating: CCC (Stable Outlook)

-Unconvinced by the evidence presented at the UN, the ruling junta declares its neutrality in the war of words between the US and China. With the regime change and Second Sino-Indian war erupting, however, it remains to be seen if Turkey will adjust its considerations at all.
-As it works with Armenia to warm relations in the Caucasus, Turkey links its roads with the Trans-Caucasian International Highway. This proves just to be the beginning of this initiative, however, as Turkey attempts to mediate a solution to Armenia and Azerbaijan’s border disputes. Though little progress is made on defining a border, military presence of the two sides is decreased significantly in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Trade with neighbors in the Caucasus is also ramped up as regionalism begins to overtake globalism, and the four nations of the region begin to form an economic bloc that will use close distances to its advantage.
-The Junta declares food, water, and internet access to be basic human rights, a significant step against poverty. Building projects are announced for the poorest areas of Turkey, including in all regions of Kurdistan that are either part of Turkey or independent. Kurds within Turkey are given assurances that they will not be treated as second class citizens. While the program to provide these forms of social assistance are immensely popular and boost the junta’s image in the lower classes, the funds for more ambitious aspects of the program quickly dry up.
-Nevertheless, the government still sets aside funding to recruit Turkey’s top artists, architects, and cultural figures for patronage in renovating and beautifying Istanbul. The program again ends up being scaled back significantly due to the decline in funding from tourist revenue, but at least keeps interest in the arts alive at a time when many are forgetting about these kinds of “excess” programs.
-The government-sponsored Islamic Society focuses its efforts on countering the extremist rhetoric from groups in former Iraq, but with the sheer danger it is often difficult to get the message through to some areas. However, it sees successes promoting women’s education and rights in Pakistan, where a number of Gülen-style schools are opened for girls seeking education.
-The junta surprises regional powers in the Mediterranean by negotiating with the Cypriot government to reunite the island under the Nicosia government with the terms that Turks are guaranteed the full rights of citizens and allowed free movement to Turkey when they choose. One of Europe’s frozen conflicts finally comes to an end.
-The National Intelligence Organization is reorganized and given greater funding, while being put on a longer leash. It is hoped that this will attact more skilled agents, which will greatly assist Turkey in future operations to find and defeat terrorism.
-Aiming to build a series of pacts that could contain Eurasian expansion outside the boundaries of NATO, Turkey first forms a mutual cooperation and defense pact with its ethnic brethren in central Asia. The Turkic Council’s founding members include Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan. Uzbekistan receives the offer, but the new government of Muhammad Salih rejects the organization, while Eurasia rejects Kazakhstan’s invitation to the Council on its behalf. In protest at Kazakhstan’s absence, an empty seat is left to symbolize the Kazakh representative.
-Another defense treaty, the Black Sea Entente is passed with Armenia and Georgia. Crucially, the Ukrainian government rejects the treaty after protests against the negotiations in the Russian-influenced east of the country. Nevertheless, Georgia’s presence could lead to significant friction with Eurasia if the frozen conflict were to erupt again.
-Complying with the UN orders, Turkey withdraws from the former Iraq. A UN transitional force takes its place supporting the new Iraqi Republic against Ba'athist and Al-Qaeda insurgents and reunifying Jazira with the rest of Iraq. Following this campaign, General Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu meets with his forces to congratulate them in their successful overthrow of the Saddam Hussein and combating of terrorists. A full review of Turkish successes and failures is ordered, and the review commission finds that readiness for chemical warfare was far too low, though experience with Kurdish insurgents helped to reduce casualties in the occupation phase.
-Post-invasion, the Junta organizes a commission to study what went right and wrong with the operations in Iraq. A variety of new counter-insurgency doctrines are written up based on the most successful tactics, but the most important factor appears to be building goodwill in the populace.
-In search of funding, a higher progressive tax is reformed to prevent the rich from sitting on their money in a time when too many are afraid to invest it in the economy. While this results in significant enough revenue for the government to keep most of its military and social programs afloat, much of the money ends up being sent right back in the form of bank and corporate subsidies to keep capital from fleeing the country towards the stability of western Europe.
-With an increasingly mobile population, Turkish telecommunications companies introduce a new evolution on the 2G network called 2.75G, increasing ranges and speeds to make the service more popular at a time when many are scaling back their gadget purchases.

BrazilFlag
YogiTheWise - Federative Republic of Brazil
Head of State/Government: President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Social Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: CCC- (Negative Outlook)

-In a landslide election, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and his Worker’s Party movement win power riding on disatisfaction with the state of the economy. A relatively subdued celebration is planned for his New Year’s Day inauguration as the new government will be put to the test trying save Brazil’s space in a contracting global economy.
-Armenia’s Silence and Brazil’s SpyNet team up to work on finding holes and exploits in their software programs. Both firms end up with more robust, capable defensive programs as a result of this collaboration at a fairly low cost. Brazil subsequently nationalizes SpyNet Technologies in a buyout deal, declaring the technology too important to keep in private hands. Brazil also cooperates with the US on ensuring IT cooperation and security, demonstrating its technology at a trade fair in Washington.
-Brazil recognizes the new government of the Confederation of Iran after the free elections and peaceful transfer of power, and President Cardoso calls President Rajavi to offer his congratulations on Iranian progress.
-President Cardoso condemns China for what he believes is Chinese complicity in the attack on New York City. Many call for him to take back the remarks in the wake of the new attack on Beijing, but with the nature of the attack still uncertain, it seems the jury will remain out for the time being.
-Nevertheless, Brazil purchases several Patriot missile systems from the US and invests in its development of advanced missile defense technologies. Though there are still no true defenses from the rain of ICBMs that would come if everything fell apart, it is some assurance of Brazil’s ability to defend itself in a coming storm.
-Significant educational funding is put into schools with IT and STEM strength as Brazil attempts to turn out tech experts and entrepreneurs for the modern economy. It is hoped that even as the trade in physical goods begins to dry up, the internet will remain as open a market as ever.
-The IT and consumer electronics industries are further encouraged as taxes are cut on computers and general consumer electronics. This helps to bring small amounts of stimulus back to the global IT market, and many Japanese and South Korean firms shift their attention to South America as their population become more capable of buying these goods.
-The Manaus-Amazonas road project continues, linking several cities along the Amazon and Rio Solimões in a more efficient manner. In an effort to minimize the environmental impact, speed limits are reduced in several animal crossing zones and trees replanted in the vicinity of the construction areas.
-After the death of a policeman in a cartel raid, a large-scale crackdown is launched in the largest favelas to clear out these cartels using military police. Hundreds are arrested and dozens are killed putting up a fight, but the scourge has been put on the defensive.
-The Brazilian Navy adopts the new Piranha anti-ship missile, which has a longer range and greater speed to evade ship defenses, enhancing Brazil’s ability to defend its shores and project power when necessary.

FranceFlag
Milkdairy - Republic of France
Head of State: President Jacques Chirac (Union for a Popular Movement)
Head of Government: Jean-Pierre Raffarin (Union for a Popular Movement)
Credit Rating: A (Negative Outlook)

-In a surprising move away from NATO standards toward a European Union standard, French manufacturers are ordered to develop a new 6.5mm cartridge as a replacement for the 5.56mm NATO standard, finding that such a design would pack a greater punch against modern body armor. The .280 British cartridge is also adopted to replace the 7.62x51 NATO round. Germany and several of the core EU states also adopt these cartridges, but most opt to keep a dual standard to ensure NATO compatibility should the US or other allies be called upon.
-Already a bastion of nuclear energy, carbon taxes are imposed on firms with high emissions, especially in the electricity generation business. Subsidies are offered for expansion of the nuclear industry, and many speculate that at this rate France may be almost entirely on nuclear power in the 2010s.
-An extensive program is launched to gain a better understanding of mental illness and its treatments, as well as how it relates to poverty and homelessness. The study finds that untreated mental conditions function as a pipeline straight into poverty, as most suffering from these conditions are simply unable to handle their own affairs.
-New unemployment benefits are announced, including zero-interest loans for the unemployed and enhanced job training. As the job market shrinks, however, many worry that training will not be sufficient to maintain an acceptable level of employment.
-Nevertheless, the crusade against systemic poverty continues as a housing assistance program is undertaken to allow and help council housing inhabitants to buy their houses after ten years of inhabitation. This helps to prevent many residents from being cast out onto the streets and others to find a permanent solution for their housing.
-The Bouclier (Shield) MRAP is put into service. Inspired by several South African designs, this vehicle is meant to be able to survive heavy machine gun fire and IEDs, raising the bar for high-mobility infantry transport vehicles.

Chapter 3: The Great Consolidation

Turn 7: January 1st to June 30th 2003

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Political map of Turn 7

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=52127630&viewfull=1#post52127630

World Events:

Germany’s Nuclear Gamble: Germany shocks the world by unveiling a nuclear bomb at a non-proliferation conference. Their handling of this event breeds mixed reactions across the move, but it is one of the boldest diplomatic maneuvers seen in ages. More details located here.
The Age of Fusion Begins: The United States Department of Energy and DARPA unveil a nuclear fusion reactor that has been in the works since the year 2000 and has costs a massive $120 billion dollars. Though it remains in a primitive stage, the first reactor is tremendously powerful and efficient, and holds great promise as a future power source.
The Dragon’s Teeth: After a defense that has bled the Indians dry on Chinese soil, the People’s Liberation Army launches a massive counterattack that takes back most of China’s territorial claims and inflicts even greater losses on the Indians. With Indian strength at a low it appears a peace deal may finally be in the papers.
A New Deal for America: A major tranche of deficit spending is launched in the US to recover from the deep recession. The “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act” includes healthcare reform, infrastructure investments, and other changes that will shape the country’s direction in the new century Indochina Under One Flag. After years of integration, Vietnam proposes a federation with Laos and Cambodia. Having made itself indispensable, the deal goes through and the Green Indochinese Federal State is formed under Vietnamese leadership.
A New Iraq Votes: Under UN supervision, Iraq votes on two questions- independence for Kurdistan and unity of Iraq. Kurdistan votes to maintain its newly obtained independence and the remainder of Iraq votes to continue its unity. The vote in Iraq is marred by a spate of suicide bombings from Sunni and Shiite factions attempting to sabotage the vote, as Al-Qaeda in Iraq and Shiite extremists attack the other side. Still, the inked fingers show that the fledgling democracy is beginning to function.
A More Perfect Union: With a tax evasion crisis looming large and global instability at its peak, Germany put forwards a demand for a stronger, more integrated, and more accountable European is an absolute necessity for preservation of the post-World War Two order in Europe. Though the UK balks at the idea of putting its Trident program and Royal Navy under European command, the other parties agree to leave this portion out and rally behind the new treaty, resulting in a new European Constitution, resulting in a far more capable, less bureaucratic EU.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President Albert “Al” Gore (Democratic Party)

-In response to China’s annexation of Bhutan and the war with India, diplomatic and economic sanctions are placed on China. Republican China hawks applaud the sanctions, but with trade between the two already evaporated, they have little impact overall.
-Military exercises are continued with the Japanese as naval and aerial cooperation is increased to the maximum. With the large US force stationed in Japan, keeping these soldiers prepared and busy will go a long ways to improving relations with the civilian populace, especially with tensions between Marines and locals high on Okinawa due to the sheer influx of men and machines.
-At government urging, the pace of the X-35 program is accelerated and the first X-35A prototype takes flight. Evaluations find this version, produced for the Air Force, to be sufficiently ready to begin production within the next few months. The Navy and Marine’s X-35B STOVL variant is plagued with teething issues regarding the complex engine, however, and significant delays are expected in this aircraft’s development.
-In a development that revolutionizes the generation of energy in a way not seen since the unveiling of the civilian nuclear reactor, a fusion reactor known as Project Helios is revealed to a stunned global audience. DARPA claims that the Helios I reactor can output a whopping 1.01 Gigawatts of electrical energy in a sustainable process that consumes only ten percent of its output in deuterium/tritium fusion. Between this $120 billion black budget project and the tough economic climate, the Republicans question the fiscal sense of this project, but most hail it as the energy of the future and hope that the nuclear age will finally pay some dividend for the huge fiscal and human toll so far. The device is taken to the facility at Three Mile Island to replace the facility there as well as a nearby coal-fired plant.
-With the mass paranoia about nuclear attack seemingly not subsided, large underground bunkers begin construction in major metropolitan areas on the east and west coast. The bunkers will each host thousands of people and be powered by eventual below-ground fusion reactors. The bunkers will take years to reach full completion due to their power source, and Republicans deride it as a poor choice of priorities, especially given the administration’s hesitance to take up non-proliferation offers from other countries. One corn-fed senator from the heartland famously declares that “I’d rather go out and try to catch the bomb if it’s dropped on Iowa” rather than commit to such spending to defend chosen cities.
-Despite these objections, President Gore and the Democratic majority are able to push through a multifaceted “American Recovery and Reinvestment Act,” a deficit spending program that is intended to pull America through the recession and emerge stronger than before.
-The first part of this spending is the Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) program, which provides a pool of grants to the Department of Transportation. Originally outlined as an incredible $2 trillion in grants, the need for money in other programs convinces congressional representatives on both sides of the aisle to limit the grants to $750 billion and allocate most of it at the state level. Nevertheless, the program will be a major boon to declining US infrastructure, updating and upgrading the highway system and revolutionizing rail transport as major corridors along the east coast, west coast, and in Texas are to be brought to the bullet-train standards of other major industrial countries such as France and Japan.
-The second portion of the bill is the Affordable Care Act, which sets up a social insurance program with out of pocket copays commonly referred to as “Medicare for All.” The program is a revolution in American health care that effectively eliminates private health insurers in a buyout of their policies and introduces the government’s own program for all people regardless of age or income. An unexpected turn from the stereotypical reliance on the free market, the healthcare landscape is changed dramatically towards an egalitarian approach.
-Finally, as the nation reels from the impact of trade losses with China and the heavy impact on the job market, a stimulus package called the America Works Again program is passed to help struggling companies that lost out due to their investments in China. The program is viewed by many as corporate welfare, but its inclusion satiates Republican opposition to the broader program, at least enough to get the package passed.
-With the threat of nuclear escalation seeming increasingly possible in the near future, the ability to be able intercept an ICBM is greatly prioritized and focused on the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system. This system uses a Sea-Based X-Band Radar on an oceangoing platform to guide an Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicle to its target before it can deploy decoy warheads in space. War is increasingly reaching into the heavens.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (Liberal Democratic Party)

-Japan purchases licenses for the AGM-154 Joint Standoff Weapon glide bomb and AH-64D Apache Longbow attack helicopter from the United States for an undisclosed sum. Both of these systems prioritize long range of detection and engagement over getting up close and personal with the enemy, though many question what use Japan will have for attack helicopters unless facing an improbable ground invasion or change in military philosophy. Production of a hundred such helicopters begins in Kawasaki factories, along with 500 glide bombs and an extra 40 of the versatile F-2 fighters.
-Swapping with Germany and its fellow EU members, the MEADS anti-missile system is purchased in exchange for access to Japan’s datalink technology. The deal is a boon to the missile defense of Japan at little cost, and grants the Europeans an interoperability with their US allies who are already operating the system.
-Engineers from South Korea and Australia are brought in to advance the ATD-X program as these countries seek a stealth aircraft that can supplement or replace the F-15E and outdated F-111. The UK turns down the offer to join the program, citing their participation in the X-35 Joint Strike Fighter and its planned carrier capability as a replacement for the Harriers. Still, the addition of regional allies speeds along the project, and the first prototype flies in June, having received the designation X-3. The overall size of the aircraft is planned to be upped significantly for the construction of the production model, with more powerful engines and more capacity for fuel and strike weapons to satisfy the needs of the new participants in the project.
-Members of the JGSDF’s Ranger-qualified 1st Airborne Brigade are sent to join the Third Echelon as well as a few technical assistance. Though untested, the counter-terror work these soldiers will do is another key expansion of Japan’s role in the global war on terror.
-Japan begins its own transit-focused public works project, to be centered around a trio of mega-airports serving the Tokyo conurbation, Kyoto, and Kyushu Island. With massive capacity for flights, these airports promise to become major Asian hubs by the time of their opening in late 2005. The project is accompanied by an expansion of the Shinkansen network and feeder light rail systems that aims to bring an already first-rate rail network up to the level of the Swiss, featuring clockwork precision in its operations and introduce rapid mobility across the home islands.
-Hoping to exploit the exodus of manufacturing and technology firms from China, corporate taxes are lowered across the board and an advertising campaign is launched to attract firms to make their Asian headquarters in Japan. With increasing tensions in North Korea, Japan manages to beat out similar campaigns launched by Seoul and the Eurasian far east on the basis of its stability, though many of the desired technology firms still head farther away to the broadly pro-business environment of Singapore.

ChinaPLAFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: General Guo Boxiong (People’s Liberation Army Emergency Administration)

-Indian forces on the offensive in the Himalayas take massive casualties as the PLA continues defense-in-depth tactics, letting them draw ever closer at great expense as every mountain pass hides machine-gun nests, camouflaged HJ-8 AT missiles launchers, and concrete bunkers. As the Indian advance begins to lose steam, the PLA counterattacks with a spring offensive. While this also comes at great expense against the Indian rearward defenses, the sheer mass of the offensive, consistently supplied and reinforced by the PLA paratroopers, breaks the Indian defenses and drives them out of China’s territorial claims. With the prospect of further losses and a push onto Indian soil, the Indian leadership takes up a Chinese offer of a ceasefire and the situation stabilizes by late May save for a few ceasefire violations.
-One contributor to the successful defense of the Himalayas is the appearance of an apparent MG3 clone chambered in the domestic 5.8x42mm cartridge common to most Chinese small arms. With a much greater sustained rate of fire than the QBB-95, the suppressive effect of this weapon is enormous and a well-hidden MG3 position can quickly shut down any enemy advance.
-An intense nuclear security operation begins, with nuclear power generation and weapons storage facilities subjected to large exclusion zones patrolled by PLA guards and with all but the most essential personnel barred from even coming close. Webs of AI-controlled security cameras with thermal optics create an additional assurance that nobody will approach unnoticed.
-The whole province of Xinjiang also sees further crackdowns, with movements of individuals highly restricted and regular inspections of homes and businesses occurring at random. Phones are tapped and vehicles frequently stopped so the authorities can be sure of their contents and prevent another vehicle-borne attack.
-With civilian governance still impossible with the state of Beijing’s infrastructure and the destruction of documents and apparatuses critical to the operation of the government, China remains in a state of martial law. The military keeps order in the streets and solves any civil disputes in its tribunals, though General Guo promises a return to civilian government once the mechanisms of government are back in place, not answering a journalist’s question about whether the Communist Party will return.
-One sign of the future governance scheme comes in the form of the “technocratic council” a group of government appointees with experience in economics, law, and other major topics. Within a few months a team of Chinese technocrats is handling most aspects of the military government’s interactions with the civilian populace, including leading legal tribunals with the approval of the PLA.
-A day of solemn remembrance is held three months after the attack on Beijing, with flags flown at half-mast and dignitaries from across the world attending to pay their respects to the scores killed in the nuclear bombing of Beijing. The event is tense in the context of the war with India and the fear of more attacks causes many leaders to stay away, however the ceremonies are broadcast worldwide as a solemn sign of China’s intention to remember but move forward.
-China’ capital is moved to Shanghai and any offers of foreign aid are accepted as the cleanup of Beijing begins as a massive public works program. Chinese workers involved in the removal of debris and shattered structures receive a minimal compensation needed to live, but the work is essential and keeps people involved instead of starving and mutinying.
-One of the most important events in the economic restabilization of China and the world occurs as General Guo announces that China will honor all of its pre-attack debts if presented to the government with full supporting evidence, as many have been lost in government records destroyed in the blast. Though many holes remain in China’s financial picture and a flurry of disputes on outstanding liabilities pop up, it is a step towards recovery. Many firms end up negotiating with the government for longer pay terms or write-offs when possible, but just being able to understand the losses will contribute the most to the global market’s eventual return to normalcy.
-China commits to finishing its high-speed rail project, and bringing in a large force of unemployed workers, the Shanghai-Guangzhou-Hanoi portion reaches completion as do the Shanghai-Nanchang and Harbin-Shenyang routes. As Indochina completes its Hanoi-Ho Chi Minh City route, a new link is formed for southeast Asia.
-An attempt to organize a stimulus package of other spending is also organized. Initially heavily opposed by a group of foreign creditors to China, the US$600 billion package is negotiated down to US$500 billion after the creditors are convinced that the money will be directed at returning Chinese industry back to full strength so it can pay off its debts later on.

EurasianFlag
Griffster26 - Eurasian Federation
Head of State: Supreme Leader Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Premier Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)

-The train and equip program for the Afghan National Army continues as Eurasia sets a goal of having an army 200,000 active personnel strong by 2005 to ensure the country can be defended on its own and put down any flare ups in the continued Taliban insurgency, which by this point has been reduced to the occasional suicide bombing and checkpoint raid. While it is still no vacation destination, the strength of the Afghan military and Eurasian support is beginning to bring stability to Afghanistan.
-With Iraq and Kurdistan forming their new separate states, training and supplies are delivered to the militaries of these nations. The Iraqi Federal Republic puts these contributions to good use immediately as it takes up the fight against Al-Qaeda in Iraq insurgents in the west.
-With a myriad of internal forces tasked with maintaining security within Eurasia, OMON, SOBR, and the MVD internal troops are consolidated into a singular National Guard of Eurasia. It is hoped that with the better internal coordination and command of a singular agency, these forces will prove more effective together.
-The new National Guard receives its first test as it sweeps for insurgents in the Caucasus and across the Eurasian republics. Dagestan and Chechnya remain flashpoints, with several arrests occurring there as well as a few minor bombings resulting in a few civilian and police deaths. Most significant is the arrest of several men from across the region attempting to travel to Iraq and fight in the AQI insurgency there.
-Eurasia attempts to promote greater foreign direct investment through the cutting of red tape and the elimination of several expense liabilities as well as reduced port fees for companies operating in Eurasia. The campaign is largely a bust in European Russia as most are content to rely on Eurasian exports (i.e. gas) and European firms aren’t in a hurry to set up shop there. However, it is an unexpected success in the Eurasian Far East as capital flees northern China. In spite of Japan eating up most of this opportunity, the relatively sparse regions of eastern Eurasia see huge growth from the relocation several manufacturing companies to Vladivostok, Novosibirsk, and cities throughout Kazakhstan.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)

-A large parade is held for soldier returning from the wars in Libya and Sudan to hail what President Shafik calls “A great victory for a freer Africa.” El-Sisi maintains a field army 80,000 strong to train Sudan’s new military and restore the country’s defenses, maintaining security in the meantime, while a similar force of advisors is sent to reconstruct the new Libyan Republic’s military. For those who can return, however, the celebrations are an official end to the struggle that has defined the new Republic and its principles at a significant human toll.
-As if to underscore the victory, Omar Al-Bashir is found hiding in a spider hole in the backyard of a house in Khartoum. He is turned over to the ICC in The Hague for what will likely be a marathon trial, but it is still a significant symbolic victory in writing off the war as complete.
-Literature, poetry and art are encouraged throughout Egypt as the government tries to develop an intelligentsia and an Avant-Garde movement. While a significant step towards moderation, some ridicule it after an anonymous artist offloads a pyramid of ice in downtown Cairo with a sign asking people to think about the transient nature of life and human history as it melts away in the glaring sun.
-Continuing its deficit-funded spending, small business grants are handed out from the government in hopes of propping up the economy from its base rather than relying on the massive outsiders. The program shows some signs of early success as low-income but reliable jobs appear again in shops and markets in the cities and villages, helping to normalize consumer spending and keep foreign investment in.
-Intra-African trade is also encouraged to stimulate this trade and promote the development of African businesses. With the increase in regionalism and virtual reliance of its neighbors on Egypt for trade, the policy shows early signs of working, as trade between North African nations and ECOWAS members shifts towards greater interdependence instead of external dependence.
-Egypt pushes for and receives a sub-committee on human rights at the African Union. Though it has no real enforcement powers at this point, it does have the ability to rate members on adherence to several basic principles using an A to F scale. This rating alone is enough to make several leaders hot under the collar, however, as the Democratic Republic of the Congo claims its D rating is unfair given its difficulty governing, Eritrea calls its F rating the product of imperialist lies, and South Africa is disappointed to only receive a B due to its struggles with integration.
-Egypt holds a conference on regional organizations in which it recommends the mergers of several of these trade and development blocs. While able to achieve the consolidation of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa and East African Community into a single trade bloc and expand cooperation between these two and the Southern African Development Community, ECOWAS turns down a merger with ECCAS, which would have created the single greatest consolidation of regional groups on the continent.
-One more successful program is the creation of an African Union Treasury that member states fill with small amounts given at will to fund joint continental projects and grants. Though few give a substantial amount, it will be enough to begin work on a few development projects such as the occasional road or school, and it is a stepping stone to greater future participation.
-Egypt continues promoting the sale of its solar panel designs across Africa to promote energy independence and provide electricity in remote African areas. While the market for consumer electronics and consumption of electricity has declined somewhat worldwide, in Africa there is still slower but steady growth for these items and this drives an ever-present market for the means to power them.
-Expanding its heavy assault and counter-insurgency capabilities, Egypt rolls out the Tut 1 gunship. Based on the aged but effective de Havilland Canada Buffalo, the Tut 1 features underwing Kh-29 missiles as well as the ability to fire an M61 Vulcan rotary cannon and Bushmaster 30mm chain gun in an orbital flight pattern.

IranConfederativeFlag
Zillamaster55 - Confederation of Iran
Head of State/Government: President Maryam Rajavi (People’s Mujahideen)

-Iran is opened to operations by counter-terrorism forces from around the globe. The Third Echelon takes the opportunity to conduct a sweep of suspect organizations in Khuzestan, but finds little to report of. It is thought groups in this region are giving the new regime a chance, and that pro-Ayatollah extremists have largely vacated the country or gone underground after losing the support of the populace.
-In great need of income, the Iranian government opens the oil fields to non-state concerns for the first time since the Islamic Revolution. While seemingly not in line with the principles of the new government, most realize that the limited drilling allowed is a necessary step to begin rebuilding the devastated regions in the southwest, and the state retains the majority of the nation’s supply of this valuable commodity.
-The Iranian Majlis is reorganized to provide an equal voice to all provinces of Iran. The 70-seat body will hold two representatives from each of Iran’s 35 territories and dependencies. While this gives an unequal weight to many regions, it will at least help to ensure that the support of all geographical regions is factored into major decisions.
-An official structure for elections is also decided, which determines that elections are to be held every three years, with the next elections scheduled for September 2005. With a fear of power blocs forming to dominate the political system, strict term limits are put in place that impose a two-term maximum for any politician’s lifetime, regardless of whether or not they are consecutive.
-With money finally beginning to trickle back into state coffers from oil sales and other official dealings, budget reform slowly turns its focus to public education and infrastructure reform. While there is still not that much to set aside as the budget is largely consumed by reconstruction in the southwest, several improvements are made and a better education is guaranteed to the lower classes, fulfilling a revolutionary promise of equity.
-Iran ends conscription and converts its forces to a volunteer-only basis, hoping to create a true professional army. Small benefits are given to those discharged, and those who wish to remain are put up for more rigorous training as Iran seeks to create a smaller but more competent fighting force.
-One of the first tasks for the newly reformed air force is patrolling the border with Iraq to prevent the crossing of extremists from Iraq. Iran’s extensive experience with using drones proves greatly helpful in this regard, reducing the danger and expense of manned flights.
-To better guard against threats coming across the aerial border, a new SAM system designated “Ya Zahra” is designed by Iranian engineers. Effectively an upgrade of the proven SA-2 Guideline, this long-range, high-altitude design adds on automated radar controls, including a limited AI guidance onboard for greater precision in the late phases.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)

-Continuing to improve ties in a new era of relations with Turkey, Armenia joins the Black Sea Entente’s military command and works with the Turks to improve cybersecurity. The region’s new highway system also sees continuation in spite of funding difficulties, as contractors bid lower to further improve the Ankara-Yerevan connection and the road to Tbilisi sees numerous improvements. The backing of Turkey also secures an agreement on a link between Baku and Yerevan as relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia see a significant thaw after the political turbulence of previous years.
-With Iran opening its oil-rich region of Khuzestan to foreign investment, Armenian state oil moves to acquire their first significant foreign drilling site. With the infrastructure at the site in need of significant repair following the war, startup costs are high, but foreign investors hungry to get a stake in a consistently valuable commodity support the initiative and Iran should be able to supply the vast majority of Armenia’s oil by the start of next year.
-Armenia continues to encourage trade interdependency with Azerbaijan and Georgia, and as trade slowly begins to recover from the shock and China recovers, significant inroads are made in this regard. Many hope that the principle of regionalism can supersede globalism as neighbors stick together to reduce the risk of being too tied into a global system.
-Armenia also suggests unified representation to the Black Sea Entente and a common Caucasian passport. With the continued border dispute with Azerbaijan, this is turned down as it is seen as important to represent the conflicting interests as independent nations, but it is a gesture of future cooperation in external affairs.
-Several groups of Chinese and Northern Indian refugees that have been wandering across Central Asia or languishing in UN camps are offered to live in sponsored housing and serve in a voluntary work program as they are taught Armenian and adjusted to a very different culture. A few fights break out between the two groups over nationalistic issues, but they are otherwise eager to adjust and provide labor if it means a roof over their heads and food in their stomachs.
-The IAEA is invited to look at Armenia’s sole nuclear reactor at Metsamor, which supplies 40% of the nation’s energy needs. Finding the reactor to be generally below post-Chernobyl safety standards, they recommend a significant safety overhaul, which begins with the construction of a basic reinforced concrete containment building as a shield in case of meltdown. However, this merely puts a band-aid on the issue, and replacement with a modern design seems like the only true long-term solution.
-With the turbulence of the region and seeming threat of Eurasian expansionism, Armenia turns to a Swiss model of national defense, minus the neutrality. Several bunkers are constructed in populated areas to provide shelter in the event of conventional, or heaven forbid, nuclear attack. In rural areas, blueprints are handed out explaining how to build a small but effective backyard bunker for those who wish to do so. Military reforms also emphasize reduced bureaucracy and flexible response, realizing that the country may be quickly overrun without this. Additional fortifications take the form of an undisclosed National Redoubt, a defensible position where the populace could be evacuated to in the event of overwhelming force. Large intelligence-gathering antennae arrays are also set up to monitor the airwaves for any sign of an impending attack.
-US trainers are also brought in to prepare the Armenian forces. Traditionally a force reliant on Russian doctrine, the new perspectives and knowledge of counter-insurgent warfare provide useful new capabilities for this small but high-quality force.
-Computer audits are added to the government’s anti-corruption drive, exposing a small ring of officials for graft. Though limited to government systems to prevent privacy intrusions, the effort will give corruption fewer avenues to be carried out.
-With energy constantly demanded, a small Armenian technology firm devises InstantOn, a light switch control that saves energy by detecting the presence of people and movement in rooms to prevent electricity waste. Applicable to many other systems, this could be a valued consumer good in the growing green economy.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)

-A small group of German workers is sent to assist in the rebuilding and recovery of Beijing with donated funds as a sign of goodwill. They are appalled by the remaining devastation as they arrive, and will set to work over the course of the year doing what they can to contribute to cleaning up a man-made disaster of unimaginable scale.
-Swapping with Japan, the MEADS anti-missile system is sold in exchange for access to Japanese datalink technology. The deal is a boon to the missile defense of Japan at little cost, and grants the EU forces an interoperability with their US allies who are already operating the system.
-Germany continues to drive EU anti-ballistic missile developments, as the datalink is integrated into the PAAMS program and the longer-range Aster 30 AA/ABM missile finishes development. Together, these systems allow for the possibility of exoatmospheric ballistic missile interception, at a range greater than that of the AEGIS system, and with capability only rivalled by the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense of the US.
-At a conference in the EU capital of Brussels, Germany shocks the world by unveiling its very first nuclear bomb and immediately turning it over to NATO for its use. Seen by many as a bold diplomatic maneuver, many expect a negative reaction from other EU members but are shocked to find most of them endorsing the action as the only way to get world powers to pay attention to the growing crisis of nuclear proliferation.
-Another shock comes at Brussels as a number of tax havens are exposed and allegations leveled at countries including the UK, Ireland, and Luxembourg for providing anti-competitive tax practices to host major corporations. Several leaders also stand accused of storing their money as far away from Panama to avoid EU duties, and while they are not technically breaking the law, the result is embarrassment for several leading figures including the UK’s David Cameron at a time when the wealthy are increasingly coming under scrutiny.
-With the tax evasion crisis beginning to set in and global instability at its peak, Germany put forwards a demand for a stronger, more integrated, and more accountable European Union as an absolute necessity for preservation of the post-World War Two order in Europe. Though the UK balks at the idea of putting its Trident program and Royal Navy under European command, the other parties agree to leave this portion out and rally behind the new treaty, resulting in a new European Constitution, resulting in a far more capable, less bureaucratic EU.
-A policy of quantitative easing is established by the European Central Bank to combat falling money supply and rejuvenate the economy. Effectively inflation by minting electronic “money” instead of paper notes, this increases liquidity in the economy and encourages spending, as does the lowering of interest rates. However, it is doubted that this method will work for much longer, as interest rates have already been dropped substantially and will soon approach zero.
-German military expansion continues, shifting to focus on reverse-engineering US weapons used by Germany and her allies. The U-37 is studied extensively to use its technology as well as the other systems to increase self-reliance, but other weapons such as the Seeschwable and MEADS missile systems continue production as well.
-A Bundestag commission on tax code simplification is assembled to study redundancies and inefficiencies in the tax system. Eliminating some antiquated and amusing taxes, such as the Dog Tax, the streamlined system makes a small dent in the economic troubles by reducing the expenses large companies associate with these issues while also encouraging spending at the lower levels of the economy.
-Setting on a campaign of almost unchecked deficit spending, Germany pumps money into the economy to provide economic stimulus and get spending and unemployment back to acceptable levels as soon as possible. Funding to the European Union is also maxed out at 20%. Effectively a gamble on the economy’s ability to recover and the avoidance of future shocks, there is a great fear among economists that this could backfire, though if something more were indeed to happen, it is thought that all would be lost anyhow.
-A panel of economists is brought together from across the political spectrum to discuss theories on economic recovery and analyze the viability of corporate welfare programs for certain financial institutions and companies. The result is several firms being shuttered, nationalized, or ordered to consolidate and merge with others. Some receive bailouts, but the utmost pragmatism is used in arranging these solutions, with little sympathy for those who took on bad risks.
-Continuing to assert its trade dominance in Europe, a number of incentives to export are worked into the tax reforms. While sales of goods and services are still down overall, Germany is one of the few still running a strong trade surplus in the EU.

GreenIndochinaFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Green Indochinese Federal State
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Green People’s Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Green People’s Party)

-With the threat of nuclear terrorism and economic depression forcing countries to look to their neighbors and a strong sense of regionalism taking hold, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia agree to form a federal union in which a supranational political body is created above each of their national governments. With the economy of the three seriously intertwined and interdependent, it seems there is no serious alternative but to work as closely together as possible to survive. While the three governments remain independent in a number of affairs and King Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia gets to keep his fancy chair, the law of the Green Indochinese Federal State reigns supreme.
-An Indochinese People’s Assembly is formed to represent the people of the three reunited nations. While democratically elected on paper, the stipulation that the Communist Party of Laos, the Cambodian People’s Party, and Green People’s Party of Vietnam rule together in a mandate with a minimum of 50%, with the latter keeping the advantage in these affairs due to its population advantage.
-The militaries of these three states are also merged into one Indochinese Defense Force. While equipment standards are already similar even if Vietnam is slightly ahead of the others, language barriers remain and language courses begin across the Federation for the units as they increase their integration, already in progress since before reunification.
-A special forces division is also raised and designated “The Jungle Tigers.” Drawing inspiration from the Navy SEALs but focusing on the same sort of guerilla tactics that saw success in the region’s colonial and postcolonial conflicts. Though not as elite as the legendary SEALs, they make for fearsome raiders and add a new card to Indochina’s hand.
-Using its clout in population, Vietnam muscles through its environmental regulations on the federal level, though they are not heavily opposed by the other states. New regulations are also passed, with a 40% duty imposed on new diesel and gasoline vehicles, excluding farm equipment.
-Electric vehicles are encouraged, with taxes and regulations slashed for firms in this field. This program is heavily advertised, and it encourages several small research firms, as well as an associate office and research center from a new American firm called “Tesla Motors” with a member of the PayPal Mafia at the helm. With help from Indochinese scientists, this firm manages to design a small pickup that can be charged on conventional outlets and used for short-haul farm use, a helpful development as combustion engines are discouraged.
-Similarly to Germany, Indochina hedges its bets on deficit spending in hopes of putting it in the strongest place in an expected economic recovery. The spending is directed primarily at infrastructure, improving links between the three states of the Federation, while also completing one of Indochina’s major segments of the Pan-Asian railway from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi, where it travels northwards into China.
-With China’s trading ability limited, Indochina turns to North Korea to supply its growing nuclear energy program, obtaining energy-grade plutonium and other rare-earth metals in exchange for badly needed food. The deal turns heads, but it relieves a crisis of hunger that could quickly go south in the DPRK and shows that Indochina will go wherever it wishes to get what it needs to advance zero-carbon programs.
-North Korea also sends scientists to assist Indochina in the construction of its nuclear program, again in exchange for greatly desired food. Though not exactly the top flight nuclear scientists of the world, the extra mindpower will greatly speed along the program.

TurkeyFlag
JeSuisIkea - Republic of Turkey
Head of State: General Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu (Peace at Home Council)

-Turkey signs a major deal on weapons sales with France, intended to equip a single division with the best French weaponry based on their performance in the Iraq conflict, paying €110 million a year to pay off this large expense. The weapons are allocated to the 9th Army’s motorized infantry brigades, whose previous experience with combined arms counter-insurgency warfare in the restive southeast allowed them to excel in Iraq.
-A heavy inspection of the intelligence services is carried out to look for foreign spies in the run up to the Junta’s promised elections. While nothing of significance is found and the result is a number of sensational allegations that ultimately prove to be false, this sends a strong outward message that interference in Turkey’s elections will not be tolerated.
-The Islamic Society makes a strong press on Pakistan as its teachers and imams try to push for a modern view of Islamic teaching. While well-received in cities, they face threats, intimidations, and even one murder of a teacher by jihadists in the restive tribal areas, where Afghan and Pakistani Taliban fighters retain a strong presence.
-The Black Sea Entente sees serious growth as several nations are added to the alliance. Azerbaijan and Tajikistan sign on as the former seeks to avoid a play from Eurasia and the latter can no longer realistically depend on India, whose forces have been drained by the war with China. Romania also joins, but Moldova turns down the offer to avoid further antagonizing a divided populace. Greece surprises many by agreeing to sign on after years of warming relations through “earthquake diplomacy,” as well as an agreement by the Turks to pay small, symbolic reparations for the Istanbul Pogroms and allow free movement between the two. Most significant is the addition of Ukraine, which comes only after extensive negotiations in which the other Entente members promise to allow continued unrestricted trade with Eurasia, as well as significant developmental aid for the pro-Russian east. Several large protests occur in Donetsk and Luhansk that lead to a few deaths among both police and protesters, but as they settle, it is clear that Ukraine has officially begun to drift out of Eurasia’s massive orbit. Now renamed “the East Entente,” and featuring the US and France as observers, this alliance now looks to position itself as a substitute for nations that seek mutual defense but struggle to enter NATO for a host of potential reasons.
-Looking beyond defense, the Entente Economic Council is formed to promote economic ties between the states, merging in the short-lived Turkic Council as ethnic ties are de-stressed. A few agreements to cut visa agreements and reduce tariffs are passed, but crucially plans for an EU-style Entente Passport fall through due to the numerous continuing frozen conflicts and competing claims within the new organization. Still, it is yet another sign of smaller states using the principle of regionalism as their primary defense as larger powers teeter on the brink of conflict.
-Aiming to further strengthen the Turkish position, a the conscription policy is overhauled and expanded. Civil service and pacifist opt-outs are provided and become quite popular, as does a religious exemption to satiate the Islamists who were already on bad terms with the Kemalist government. Much to their anger, however, women are allowed to volunteer, and are placed on the record in case of a worst-case scenario. Several Islamists protests occur across the country at the presence of women in the armed forces and the possibility of their conscription, though the Junta is quick to point out that the vast majority of attendees are men.
-Driving for more revenue, the government cuts back on cultural spending to save a bit of cash while raising taxes to bring in revenue. The latter is criticized by many economists who say it prevents growth, but others argue that the cash-strapped government is in a Catch-22 and needs to do whatever it can to bring in revenue to fund growth programs.
-One of these programs is a public works project that puts soldiers not in training to work on infrastructure, and uniquely, in factories that are struggling to pay their regular workforce. The poor and homeless are also brought into a new Civilian Worker’s Corps in exchange for food and boarding in barracks that they construct. Very similar in nature to the original New Deal, these workers are first focused on speeding the Transcaucasian Highway to completion, both in Turkey and other nations in the agreement, seeing many workers and soldiers bussed to Georgia. With this initiative, the project nears completion and the highway is expected to open before year’s end.
-A group of young computer programmers at Yıldız Technical University in Istanbul devise a new website to allow students to keep up with each other. Called “The FaceSpace” and later simply “Facespace” this website is the first so-called “Social Network” and quickly spreads to other universities and the general populace beyond Turkey. Initially dismissed as a fad, it is too early to tell what impact this innovative site will have on the World Wide Web.

BrazilFlag
YogiTheWise - Federative Republic of Brazil
Head of State/Government: President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Worker’s Party)

-Upon his inauguration at a relatively low-key ceremony by Brazilian standards, President Lula stares longingly at the Cristo Redentor and sheds a single tear, wondering where the world went so wrong.
-The new administration takes hold as Lula retracts Cardoso’s previous condemnation of China for its purported complicity in the nuclear attack on New York. Lula says that his predecessor’s statements were made at a “trying and uncertain time”, where all of the facts were unclear, and seeks better relations with China, a position warmly received by the PLA’s envoy.
-Aiming to grow its role in the Third Echelon’s operations, Brazil contributes its SpyNet defensive programs for use in their digital operations.
-Brazil decides to end some of its territorial disputes in the region, first against Ilha Brasileira in Uruguay and then against Ilha de Guajará-Mirim in Bolivia, demanding with the former that the Uruguayans keep the name. With this agreed, the region begins working towards better trade and diplomatic agreements, and a few retaliatory agricultural tariffs are ended among the three.
-Hoping to keep its military and police busy instead of starving and mutinying, Brazil continues to remove Favela from the premises of its major cities. Many within Lula’s own party accuse him of waging a war on the poor against party ideals, but overall the program remains popular as the cities are made more attractive, helping to convince people to come to Brazil.
-With the military increasingly seen around the world as the only stable employer, men are drafted on a large scale so that they are provided with wholesome activities such as removing favela rather than starving and mutinying.
-Inspired by the Armenian model, the military is also engaged in removing terrorists from the premises (which are sometimes favelas), granting soldiers and cops yet another alternative activity to starving and mutiny. While little of significance is found, a few anti-government organizations and organized crime groups are smited, showing everyone that the Brazilian state means business.
-The Manaus-Amazonas road project sees completion as workers flood into the jungle to work on the final legs of the main project. With such a demand for work, the project is expanded to take on the most backwater towns so that blue-collar workers have better things to do than starve and mutiny.
-Competition in the ISP market is encouraged with a public alternative that forces the private ISPs to improve their networks and brings the internet to underserved areas. The government hopes that if more people are provided access to high quality internet porn, this will provide yet another alternative activity to starving and mutiny.
-Subsidies are also expanded for agriculture to give farmers an incentive to grow their crops as an alternative to starving and mutiny. This drives down the cost of food products, leading to fewer citizens starving (and mutinying).
-Experiments are carried out on bananas and coffee plants to create more resilient, readily grown versions of both. The robustness of the resulting GMO variants could go a long way in preventing the possibility of blight or general crop failure, and the resulting starvation and mutiny.

FranceFlag
Milkdairy - Republic of France
Head of State: President Jacques Chirac (Union for a Popular Movement)
Head of Government: Jean-Pierre Raffarin (Union for a Popular Movement)

-Turkey signs a major deal on weapons sales with France, intended to equip a single division with the best French weaponry based on their performance in the Iraq conflict, paying €110 million a year to pay off this large expense that ultimately comes out to €1.6 billion.
-France proposes a second Schengen agreement, to be discussed at a conference later in the year. Dealing with the issues of illegal immigration, border security, and the looming issue of terrorism, the proposal is tabled as France signs the new EU agreement and the Union deals with the fallout of Germany’s nuclear shenanigans.
-The French delegation to the negotiations is able to work in a new EU-wide patent system, however, allowing for patent recognition and protection across the member states. This pleases many of the smaller members, whose national patents meant little without the larger context.
-Still forging its own way ahead with military standards, the .338 Norma Magnum is adopted for specialized sniper rifles and machineguns. Based on the .338 Lapua, this round packs a hefty punch.
-Following the lead of many other nations, France increases military employment across branches and specializations to give unemployed youth something to do. While it only makes a small dent in the problem and the cost of equipping new soldiers is high, the improvement is generally worthwhile and improves France’s capability in a number of military specializations.
-President Chirac pushes the ECB to lower interest rates, but fewer lowerings can be made as rates are already low. President Chirac also warns against hasty reactions against banks after signs of instability, reminding them that bank runs do more harm than good, and that they may as well be grabbing money that turns to dust if they engage in such behavior.
-Hoping to boost public confidence, Chirac also announces all the new measures being taken to secure France as soldiers are given widespread deployment in the streets to watch for terrorism. This has a minute effect as many are still in awe at the capability and gaul of the terrorists, but any small boost in confidence is worth something.
-Aiming to expand its global strategic capabilities, France commissions a long-range stealth bomber. Dassault is awarded the contract for the Fantôme project, which is tasked with producing an aircraft of similar capability to the B-2 Spirit. This will prove a major challenge to span several years, but the result will see France enter the exclusive stealth club.

Turn 8: July 1st to December 31th 2003

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TheEndofHistoryTurn8PoliticalMap

Political map of Turn 8

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=52208121&viewfull=1#post52208121

World Events:

Meet the New China: In a regime change like none ever before seen, the Communist Party of China is declared defunct and replaced by a new Technocratic Committee overseen by General Guo Boxiong and administered by Taiwanese-born economist Justin Yifu Lin. The format of the new government leaves many incredulous, but the strident measures to rebuild the Chinese economy give many hope of reversing the recession caused by the twin nuclear attacks. More details located here.
UNOSOM III Begins: With reports of Al-Qaeda plaguing southern Somalia, a massive multinational force many times greater than those of the previous missions is assembled and enters the country from all directions. A few Jihadists flee to Yemen, but the majority of Al-Qaeda’s largest remaining combat force is crushed under the weight of this massive alliance. With smaller cells all over the world, as evidenced by the Third Echelon’s capture of Al-Qaeda plotters in Jakarta, it is clear that the Jihadi group is down but not out.
Wave of Terror in Turkey: In another sign of the continued threat posed by terrorists, a wave of suicide bombings and gun attacks on civilian and government targets leave more than a hundred dead across the country. The attacks are claimed by a variety of sources, with all of the attacks on civilians claimed by Al-Qaeda spokesmen who claim the military government is trying to repress the practice of Islam. Still more anti-government attacks including several arsons are carried out by disorganized bands of Islamists who leave graffiti demanding the generals leave power and hold totally open elections. Perhaps most concerning to the military leadership is the appearance of the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks, which rejects the Junta’s previous accords with the Kurds and the authority of the Kurdish Autonomy after a split with PKK. The Hawks carry out more than a dozen rocket attacks on government checkpoints in the region, declaring that their war has just begun.
Nuclear Weapons Diminish: A major treaty on the proliferation of nuclear weapons is passed as all powers known to possess nuclear weapons agree to a treaty that will see huge portions of the US and Eurasia’s stockpiles scrapped, further proliferation placed at a relatively low cap, and introduces a variety of regulations to help reduce the chances of another attack. The world begins to breathe a sigh of relief, though the fear of action by a rogue actor remains.
The Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh is Finally Resolved: In an accord that puts an end to the region’s most divisive frozen conflict, Armenia and Azerbaijan formalize a solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. The entirety of the official NKH region is granted to Armenia, and Armenia leaves occupied areas of Azerbaijan save for a land bridge in the north to link the two regions. Another land bridge is ceded to the Azeris in the south to connect with their exclave in the west, effectively giving up Armenia’s direct access to Iran. A treaty recognizing transit and residence rights between the regions is agreed, cementing this historic thaw between major rivals. President Kocharyan of Armenia and President Aliyev of Azerbaijan are tapped to jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize and are awarded it on December 10, 2003, with the latter receiving it in absentia due to health complications. He would pass away two days later, knowing he had secured lasting peace for his country and its neighbor.
Rose Revolution in Georgia: Rose-clutching demonstrators led by Mikheil Saakashvili storm Georgia’s parliament in a color revolution against remnants of the Soviet hierarchy, as well as corruption and the perceived permissiveness of the government in allowing Abkhazia and South Ossetia to be annexed into Eurasia. The newly empowered United National Movement seeks stronger relations with NATO as well as more integration with the East Entente and the rest of the Caucasus.
Europe Arms Up: The European Strategic Alliance Treaty is formed as a European Union body that will oversee a variety of military units integrated from forces across the treaty area. France, Germany, the Benelux, Italy, Austria, and Spain join as founding members and begin contributing forces, maintaining national militaries alongside this force. The new force can be considered an “EU Army” and it will a critical driver of the body’s foreign policy for the foreseeable future.
New Threats to the Digital Economy: In an event that surprises investors, the Istanbul Borsa experiences a series of “flash crashes”- stock market crashes resulting from the compromising of the trade recordkeeping systems. Though the Borsa agrees to reverse several erroneous trades based on paper records and backed up files, millions are still wiped from the exchange and foreign investors become nervous about trading Turkish stocks, demanding better security for the Borsa. It seems whoever is responsible is beginning to grasp a 21st Century form of economic warfare.
Ethnic Revolt in Thailand: After weeks of protesting, irredentist Lao, Khmer, and Malay groups begin an open revolt across Thailand’s frontiers. The Royal Thai Army moves south and fights a brutal campaign to control the Malay areas with high casualties, and both Lao and Khmer groups are able to seize several areas on the border with Indochinese Laos. With thick jungle and the lay of the land on their side, the insurgents are able to inflict heavy losses on the army over the first few months of their conflict and show no signs of letting up.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President Albert “Al” Gore (Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA (Positive Outlook)

-In spite of the historic accords reducing the use of nuclear arms, the US continues work to refine the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system over the objections of Eurasia. As this system begins to show more and more reliability in accurately downing target missiles, many wonder if it will be worthwhile to create such a disruption in the newly achieved balance in strategic nuclear weapons.
-With the fusion reaction process finally tamed, reactors begin construction across the US with the goal of providing the entire energy needs of the US by 2010. If this goal can be met, it will secure the legacy of Al Gore as an environmental hero by eliminating 30% of all American greenhouse gas emissions, a significant step forward in reversing global warming.
-To encourage utilization of this green technology, the design is then released to several renewable energy start-ups. These are not exactly secretive institutions, and the designs quickly begin to proliferate across the internet and into the hands of governments and companies worldwide. It seems that, like the telephone or airplane, the fusion reactor has become an American invention that will see a technological revolution around the world.
-A reactor is also constructed in eastern Anatolia to supply energy to the Caucasus region, providing a significant source of power primarily to Turkey and Armenia and helping to modernize the energy infrastructure in this region as it shifts to sustainability.
-The Department of Energy wastes no time seeking to improve the technology behind fusion to make it more efficient and increase output. A new reactor titled “Helios II” begins production as researchers seek to work out the kinks and refine the design, also focusing on reducing the size of the device. While already small enough to be used on certain capital ships like aircraft carriers, a smaller version could serve other applications, potentially including a fusion propulsion system for spacecraft as this technology begins research that could potentially bring humanity even further into the reaches of space.
-More conventional space exploration also continues as new preparations are made for the next lunar mission. The first launch of an unmanned probe in support of the mission is carried out. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spots a crater in the northeastern hemisphere of the moon that could support a large settlement. This kind of advance scouting is a luxury not afforded to the astronauts of the preceding Apollo program.
-Several components of the new Extended-Term Landing Module are tested, including the housing dome, rover, and high-endurance spacesuits. The intent is for a stay of nearly two months to conduct experiments and practice living on another orbital body, with equipment that could stay behind and potentially support another future mission or be expanded upon.
-Perhaps the biggest sign of progress comes with the unveiling of the mission’s beast of burden: the Vulcan I. Forged from the most advanced materials available, its first launch is watched with awe as it carries the LRO probe into the heavens. The upscaled final version is expected to be designated Vulcan III and carry the human cargo past the clutches of Earth’s gravity. -The Race for the White House is beginning to heat up, as the respective campaigns of the Democrats and Republicans manifest themselves. More details located here.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (Liberal Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA- (Positive Outlook)

-Brazil becomes the latest nation to receive the Japanese datalink systems, as well as industrial robotic manipulators, all in exchange for Brazilian anti-spyware capabilities and cooperation on genetically modification research. This research could prove handy to the relatively small domestic agricultural industry of Japan, expanding its production possibilities for ever popular rice products.
-Tomahawk cruise missiles are purchased from the US. Largely seen as an exclusively offensive weapon, their purchase is justified with the need to defeat enemies in their forward bases if they were to attack Japan. The Japanese also join with the US in developing the Helios II fusion reactor, and plans are quickly made to bring this new technology across the ocean.
-The Japanese foreign aid budget, long relied upon to bring stability as a substitute for strength, is gutted substantially as aid is revoked in a punitive manner primarily targeted at countries with high corruption or autocracy. Not yet comfortable with the new direction China is taking, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs decides to pull out its projects not related to immediate disaster relief in the new Technate.
-After several years of defense cooperation, Japan and South Korea finally formalize their alliance, solidifying their position against North Korea. Though it goes against Japan’s pacifist principles, the doctrine of Collective Self-Defense is invoked as the threat posed by the DPRK is well-understood.
-Relations with Taiwan also warm somewhat as Japanese air defense assets are withdrawn from the disputed Senkaku Islands. This comes at an unusual time for Taiwan as the “renegade province” begins to re-evaluate its relationship with a very different mainland.
-The Hyūga-class helicopter destroyers Hyūga and Ise are ordered, providing a radical new capability for the Maritime Self-Defense Forces. The ships immediately invoke comparisons to aircraft carriers, though they could not realistically accommodate fixed-wing aircraft other than VTOLs. Still, they are Japan’s first ships dedicated to carrying aircraft since the end of World War Two. They will be joined by a half-dozen of the new Atago-class destroyers, which feature the AEGIS system as well as a lower profile on radar due to stealthy modifications.
-A trio of destroyers are also deployed to the Gulf of Aden and see action in counter-piracy operations. With the elevated threat to shipping and possibility of seaborne terrorism, the ships are a needed reinforcement in the region.
-The Japanese Somali Reconstruction and Support Group, a motorized infantry battalion assisted by combat engineers makes a highly publicized deployment to Puntland to assist in the development of infrastructure. The deployment is good PR for the SDF's increasing foreign activities and is relatively uneventful compared to coalition activities further south.
-With the debut of fusion energy coming soon to Japan, plans are drawn up to decommission several nuclear power stations that are in areas particularly vulnerable to earthquakes and tsunamis. The deployment of even safer fusion reactors inland will help Japan continue to repair its relationship with the atom.
-The Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) debuts a new format for satellite launches: small, cube-shaped satellites that can be launched in bundles from a conventional space launch. Though it is difficult to fit substantial tech into these cubes that rarely exceed ten centimeters in any dimension, they greatly reduce the cost of space research and are a hit with universities that hope to carry out a variety of different types of projects and expand their data sets.

UtilitarianTechnateofChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: Overseer of the Utilitarian Technate Marshall Guo Boxiong (Technocratic Committee)
Head of Government: Technate Committee Chair Justin Yifu Lin (Technocratic Committee)
Credit Rating: CC- (Positive Outlook)

-After a brutal war with the Indians, the Treaty of Shanghai is signed to end the conflict. With a decisive defeat for India, the Chinese make heavy demands and are able to force India to recognize all of their territorial claims. The world breathes a sigh of relief as the first full-scale conflict between nuclear powers comes to a close.
-The border with India sees heavy fortification among the near frontier and the repair and enhancement of the fortifications that contributed to the defense-in-depth tactics that most credit with China’s victory. Even with the ultranationalists swept aside, the Chinese will give India no incentive to make another try for at least another 50 years.
-China ratifies the new Non-Proliferation Treaty. The brass finds the terms of this treaty highly favorable to China, as they require virtually no reduction in China’s arsenal, while greatly reducing those of its potential adversaries, the United States and Eurasia.
-The technocratic regime that ran China during the war begins to finally formalize itself as General Guo steps back to let them run the country. A solemn ceremony in the new capital of Shanghai sees the Communist Party of China and its revolution are declared dead, its flags furled away in favor of a new design, and the national anthem reverted to the Song to the Auspicious Cloud. The victory over India is celebrated as the birth of a new system of governance by the elite for the people. Long live the Utilitarian Technate of China.
-Aiming to no longer appear communist and draw in badly needed foreign businesses, the technocratic government introduces a raft of pro-business policies and removes the massive bureaucratic restrictions aimed at keeping businesses in the favor of the People’s Republic. This causes a great deal of interest as businesses that were long kept under heavy restrictions, such as entertainment, see a chance to gain a valuable position in this massive market. Foreign investment begins to make its way back in as the government seeks partners to help in the rebuilding effort, comparing the opportunities available in rebuilding to those seen in Germany after World War Two. Though it is a risky proposition, few can resist the temptation of bringing business back to such a massive economy.
-Stimulus programs instigated by the previous regime continue, as high speed rail, rebuilding, and revitalization programs continue as China begins to rebuild and restructure a new economy, largely co-opting the existing systems to take them in a new direction.
-The crackdown on Uighur separatists also continues. With such a tight vise on this population, rebellious attitudes have gone virtually silent, at what outside observers are calling a horrendous human rights expense. Massive police presence ensures that even the simplest acts of assembly or protest are nearly impossible, with policemen even required to carry fire extinguishers to prevent self-immolation.
-With America’s fusion reactor design published among its domestic businesses, the design quickly leaks and finds its way into Chinese hands. Published as an independent development, design of the first Chinese fusion reactor begins as the country seeks to reduce its heavy dependence on coal sources.

EurasianFlag
Griffster26 - Eurasian Federation
Head of State: Supreme Leader Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Premier Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)
Credit Rating: BB (Positive Outlook)

-A massive force of 45,000 Eurasian regulars arrives at the Eurasian port of Berbera and begins working its way southwards in support of UNOSOM III. This overwhelming force sees quick but brutal battles with Al-Qaeda and local warlords at Wisil and along the central Somali coast before having to loop back in support of Ethiopian troops facing heavy resistance in Galkayo. Hundreds of casualties are taken, especially from IEDs, but the insurgency in Somalia is smashed under the weight of this massive force wherever it goes.
-Eurasian support to Kurdistan and Iraq continues, supplying arms, training, and developmental aid to stabilize these two states. Though traditionally more stable than the regions of Iraq, the support is greatly needed in Kurdistan as the security forces confront Jihadis and extremist PKK members crossing to and from Turkey as the conflict there spills over.
-The AK-103 assault rifle is officially ordered to become the standard issue rifle of Eurasia. Initially overlooked due to its expense, negotiating with manufacturers has produced a deal to equip the entire regular forces with this lighter, more accurate model after decades of using the AK-74.
-The National Bolshevik Party is granted the right to participate fully in the political process. Many Jewish and centrist groups denounce this move, though the party denies any racism or antisemitism in their ideology. Much of the support for this party is eaten up by the Eurasia Party, whose leader Alexsandr Dugin has been a key influence for the geopolitical policy of the sprawling Federation.
-Eurasia’s railways see major improvements, especially in the outer republics. The ability to move large amounts of freight long distances is a key driver of the Eurasia’s centralization and reducing the isolation of the far east, while also reducing travel times by introducing high-speed routes in the west.
-In the wake of the attempted coup in Uzbekistan, Eurasia pledges its backing of the new Uzbek government and offers it the opportunity to join Eurasia whenever it chooses. Though the offer is initially declined, any further provocation or instability could see this republic added to the hulking Federation.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)
Credit Rating: BB+ (Positive Outlook)

-With southern Somalia in the grip of terrorists and warlords once again, Egypt calls an emergency meeting of the African Union to address the threat. The discussion is eventually elevated to the UN, which declares a third UNOSOM campaign. The AU contributes tens of thousands of soldiers to the fight, with Egypt taking the lead, sending 50,000 soldiers alongside those from Kenya and Ethiopia.
-Egypt commits a force of thousands of hardened soldiers to the fight in southern Somalia, with veterans of the urban fighting campaign leading the charge in an all-volunteer force. Still high off the triumphs in Sudan and Libya, a large force is assembled and joins UNOSOM III. They see action alongside other African Union forces to drive out Al-Qaeda and other anti-government groups, taking several casualties in fierce battles with insurgents.
-A pair of aircraft carriers begin construction for the Egyptian Navy. Similar to the Indian-modified Kiev-Class carrier in size and design, each will able to launch up to 16 modified MiG-29s and 10 helicopters when completed in three years, representing a significant step up for Egypt’s naval capabilities.
-More Egyptian satellites are constructed and launched by private launch providers. Officially providing television and phone coverage, it is widely alleged that some of these launches have intelligence purposes.
-With Libyan and Sudanese oil infrastructure damaged by the war, Egypt partners with the new governments to rebuild drilling and refining facilities in exchange for a large stake and exploration rights in both countries. Unwilling to give up too much control of their most valuable assets, the exploration rights are limited to some relatively empty quarters of both countries, but manage to locate several small deposits.
-With the east Africa beginning to integrate under the expanded East African Community, Egypt pushes for expanded travel rights for laborers and infrastructure links within the bloc. The EAC begins to implement these policies as border restrictions are loosened and bus services between the member nations are increased.
-Egypt also suggests currency integration in the EAC, creating a common East African Shilling similar to the Euro. While this step is considered too radical at a stage when common policy is not yet totally established, agreements on fixed exchange rates are passed to make banking between the members more convenient, helping businesses in the bloc interact.
-More ambitious still is Egypt’s proposition for the “All African Accord,” a NATO-like treaty in which an attack on one AU member by an outside power is considered an attack on all. With the current foreign intervention in Somalia, relatively liberal powers in Africa decide against allowing the treaty to pass fearing it would give them the obligation to defend a government like that of Gambian president Jammeh.
-Egypt once again tries its hand at mediating the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, proposing that Israel end settlement activity and Palestine be split into two separate states in Gaza and the West Bank. With Fatah in control of both parts of Palestine, it is unwilling to split and renews its calls for a unified Palestine, much to Israeli anger.
-After its experience with urban fighting in the late phases of the wars in Egypt and Libya, the Egyptian Army adopts a new kevlar uniform for special operations. Covering most areas of the body, the suit is heavy and only usable for the strongest soldiers. Nevertheless, it will be quite useful for The Eagle’s Talons, especially in hostage or other standoff encounters.

IranConfederativeFlag
Zillamaster55 - Confederation of Iran
Head of State/Government: President Maryam Rajavi (People’s Mujahideen)
Credit Rating: CCC+ (Positive Outlook)

-Revolutionary leader and President Maryam Rajavi gives her first speech at the UN in New York, characterizing the new Iran as a democratic state that has used the people’s will to defeat a sponsor of the same kind of terrorism that wrought so much devastation on the city. Though many remain uncertain about the new government in spite of its democratic practices, the world is assured that Iran has at least not become another North Korea or Cuba.
-In a much stronger diplomatic move, Iran officially ends funding of Hamas, denouncing all terrorism and stating that Islamism does not equate to violence. Even more significantly, Iran and Israel re-establish formal diplomatic relation, reopening trade and agreeing to recognize each other’s governments, a major step towards peace in the region.
-Reconstruction continues in the southwest as the region continues to recover from the war with Saddam’s Iraq. The smaller, defensively oriented army is welcomed in the communities where it carries out its work of restoring the country to be better than the previous regime left it. Though it is not the service most soldiers imagined, it is undisputedly important if the new Iran is to become a stable and prosperous nation.
-With many government records either destroyed or considered not trustworthy, a new census is carried out to get a better picture of the Iranian nation and its people. The new results give few revelations aside from the flight of many radical Shiite families and a slightly lower than expected rate of population growth, likely a result of the war.
-In spite of the Islamic foundation of the ruling party’s ideology, Iran shows its openness to the Zoroastrian community by allowing it to open a temple in Tehran, providing this small but historically significant monotheistic religion with the ability to practice their faith without interference from the government, a positive sign for the government’s ability to tolerate religions outside its founding philosophy.
-The dole is introduced to provide for those at the absolute bottom of the economic ladder. A key promise of the Marxist-influenced government, it is initially able to provide only those benefits that keep the poor from starving to death, but optimism is high as the country recovers from the war and rebuilds its economy.
-Iranian troops not committed to the rebuilding project are sent to the Caspian Sea region for readiness exercises. The exercises emphasize professionalism and modern squad-based cooperation as a way of moving on from the human wave tactics that brought Iran such great casualties in the war.
-The National Bank of Iran introduces its first web-based banking services, with other Iranian banks quickly following suit. Allowing customers to track their accounts, take out loans, and make general transactions through the bank’s website, these services quickly become popular due to their high convenience as well as a bit of novelty appeal.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)
Credit Rating: BBB+ (Positive Outlook)

-In an accord that puts an end to the region’s most divisive frozen conflict, Armenia and Azerbaijan formalize a solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. The entirety of the official NKH region is granted to Armenia, and Armenia leaves occupied areas of Azerbaijan save for a land bridge in the north to link the two regions. Another land bridge is ceded to the Azeris in the south to connect with their exclave in the west, effectively giving up Armenia’s direct access to Iran. A treaty recognizing transit and residence rights between the regions is agreed, cementing this historic thaw between major rivals. President Kocharyan of Armenia and President Aliyev of Azerbaijan are tapped to jointly receive the Nobel Peace Prize and are awarded it on December 10, 2003, with the latter receiving it in absentia due to health complications. He would pass away two days later, knowing he had secured lasting peace for his country and its neighbor.
-Armenia increases trade relations with other nations in the Entente. While few beyond Turkey have much to offer, the increase in trade caused by the relaxation of border restrictions with Azerbaijan are certainly helpful, as is a significant deal on KrAZ trucks from Ukraine
-Armenia’s national military preparedness program continues as fortifications are worked on at undisclosed locations and several bunkers built. Though global tensions are back on the decline, especially in the region, it seems that the government still feels it is best to be prepared for anything.
-As Armenia seeks to improve its decrepit nuclear facility, it unexpectedly receives a solution in the form of a fusion reactor in eastern Anatolia to be shared with Turkey. If peaceful relations are maintained between the two and investment in renewables continue, the fusion reactor and solar energy alone will be enough to power the country within the year.
-Basic financial literacy programs are made mandatory in both higher and lower education. The government hopes that by making its citizens savvier, it will breed a more economically efficient generation of Armenians and increase the country’s prosperity.
-Investment in Armenia’s small but vibrant tech sector continues as the country is slowly dragged further out of the Soviet era. Takers are still slow in coming, but the modern focus certainly sets the small republic ahead of other nations in the region.
-Scandal breaks out in Yerevan as several justices and other officials are filmed taking bribes from undercover investigators. The wave of arrests it thought to be the result of a sting operation organized by government anti-corruption committees, marking a significant blow on corrupt practices that have plagued the country for years.
-Another council is held in Yerevan to try and increase cooperation across the Caucasus and within Armenia itself. With the region still high off the conclusion of the major frozen conflict that plagued it for decades, a variety of deals on reducing bureaucracy in the interaction of these nations are passed, improving trade and diplomatic relations.
-Sports betting is legalized with a stiff winner’s tax and tax on bookie operations. The funds are funneled to infrastructure projects, and thousands line up to place their bets on the latest soccer matches, horse races, and qualifiers for the upcoming Summer Olympics in Athens.
-Realizing that effective defense of Armenia against any potential invader will require the use of a weapon that can deal with large amounts of infantry, a modified PKM machinegun is produced for the Armenian Army. Named the “Lerrnayin Arryuts” meaning Mountain Lion, this version of the PKM is lighter and more accurate during sustained fire, the latter being a helpful trait for defensive tactics.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)
Credit Rating: AA (Positive Outlook)

-With the European Union now designated a nuclear power of its own, Germany offers to help the body produce and manage new nuclear weapons and delivery capabilities. With the issue still controversial within the body, no solid agreement on their capabilities or further production is agreed, and the lone nuke continues to sit under heavy guard in Belgium.
-The EU Common Agricultural Policy is amended with a variety of new sustainability provisions and presented as a model for sustainable agricultural practices around the world. The amendment also includes provisions to continue whittling down agricultural subsidies across the common market, much to the anger of French farmers who lead a futile campaign parading parading tractors through city streets to convince their MEPs to vote against it. Nevertheless, the measure passes, and the playing field begins to level for European farmers.
-Germany pushes for a stronger fiscal union within the EU, adopting common measures on welfare and investment. A few measures are adopted, including some that many in southern Europe brand as austerity. In spite of this, the EU continues to grow into a closer union and a stronger single market where expectations for entrant firms can be the similar in any nation.
-As the threat of piracy and terrorist activity increases off the coast of Somalia, the European Union commences Operation Atalanta, the first operation of the European Union Naval Force. Germany and several other EU members commit a total of six destroyers and support personnel in a major step against piracy that is soon overshadowed by the much larger UNOSOM III mission.
-Germany pushes for a hold in any EU accession campaigns, arguing for a more effective union before attempting to create a larger union. While it angers nations such as Greece and Georgia, which have strong EU aspirations, other members find it difficult to ignore this demand and decide to focus on refining the EU, for now.
-Germany officially adopts the new ESAT standards pioneered by the French across the Bundeswehr, modifying uniforms and adopting new equipment and vehicles both from its own suppliers and other EU nations. As the standards are eased in, a series of exercises are held to practice with the new equipment and focus on unifying the forces of France and Germany while focusing on interoperability with other member nations. Europe is rapidly becoming a single force in the world.
-Dozens of Storm Shadow/SCALP EG air-launched cruise missiles are ordered for the Luftwaffe. Launched from the Typhoon and incorporating data-link technology, this addition expands the air force’s ability to strike ground targets at long range, a boon to SEAD missions as the EU waits for France to develop its stealth bombers.
-MBDA also debuts the Meteor Air-to-Aim Missile. This weapon is capable of destroying maneuvering targets at Beyond Visual Range distances while integrating datalink technology to defeat electronic countermeasures used by an opponent. The most advanced AAM on the market, this new model can bring quick air superiority wherever it goes.
-Germany begins to roll back its program of deficit spending while retaining its EU payments as well as simplified taxation, among other benefits. The goal is set to tame the debt back to the EU guideline of 60% of GDP, which in turn increases investor confidence in Germany’s economic leadership.

GreenIndochinaFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Green Indochinese Federal State
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Green People’s Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Green People’s Party)
Credit Rating: BB (Positive Outlook)

-A Ministry of Information Technology is formed and split into two divisions, one to handle government cybersecurity and other threats to the country, and another to regulate civilian usage of information technology. As the threat of digital warfare is only increasing, this ministry will have its work cut out for it, as would be underscored by the hack attack in Turkey.
-Indochina signs several Memoranda of Understanding with the government of Malaysia covering several topics including diplomatic relations, information technology, and agricultural policy. Most significant is the second paragraph, which emphasizes military coordination and cooperation on matters such as piracy. Greater ties with Indochina, which is seen as democratizing, are generally welcomed in Malaysia, though many still recall Malaysia’s support for South Vietnam. Nonetheless, a joint counter-piracy program in the straits of Malacca goes forward in a sign of the new relationship. Several remote islands in Malaysia and Indonesia are cleared of pirates in operations by the Indochinese Federal Navy, the Jungle Tigers, and several Malaysian and Indonesian units.
-An aggressive push is made to dominate the textile market of the United Arab Emirates. While the Arab kingdom has traditionally been a major customer of India, the war has disrupted the Indian cotton and textile industry enough for the Indochinese to be able to get a foot in the door, especially with the added bonus of unified export policy between the states, leading to several major contracts being placed.
-Indochina begins a worker exchange program with North Korea, a boon to the Hermit Kingdom. North Koreans are sent to Vietnam and Laos to learn advanced farming techniques that they can take home later. They earn a minimum wage, any savings from which are scraped up by the home government on their return, but their skills will help to ease hunger back in the DPRK.
-A variety of basic North Korean military equipment such as rifles, helmets, and grenades are imported by Indochina to arm up the Federal Army and ensure that no soldier goes without proper equipment. The deal is yet another important score for Kim’s regime as China has been increasingly unable and/or unwilling to supply aid, and it naturally provokes alarm in South Korea, which summons the Indochinese ambassador for a lengthy but futile dressing down.
-Indochina advances its GMO food program to expand production of staple crops. With coffee beans still a major export, a new bean is produced that can produce greater caffeine content and be grown more quickly. The new bean will no doubt increase output of this valuable crop and keep many foreign capitalists awake for hours on end.

TurkeyFlag
JeSuisIkea - Republic of Turkey
Head of State: General Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu (Peace at Home Council)
Credit Rating: B+ (Negative Outlook)

-A production model of the American fusion reactor installed in eastern Anatolia. Producing a whopping 2 gigawatts, this reactor will provide all the power this region needs while also supplying neighboring Armenia with the lion’s share of its energy needs.
-In an event that surprises investors, the Istanbul Borsa experiences a series of “flash crashes”- stock market crashes resulting from the compromising of the trade recordkeeping systems. Though the Borsa agrees to reverse several erroneous trades based on paper records and backed up files, millions are still wiped from the exchange and foreign investors become nervous about trading Turkish stocks, demanding better security for the Borsa.
-The matter of stocks becomes trivial compared to the wave of suicide bombings and gun attacks on civilian and government targets that leave more than a hundred dead across the country. The attacks are claimed by a variety of sources, with all of the attacks on civilians claimed by Al-Qaeda spokesmen who claim the military government is trying to repress the practice of Islam. Still more anti-government attacks including several arsons are carried out by disorganized bands of islamists who leave graffiti demanding the generals leave power and hold totally open elections. Perhaps most concerning to the military leadership is the appearance of the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks, which rejects the Junta’s previous accords with the Kurds and the authority of the Kurdish Autonomy after a split with PKK. The Hawks carry out more than a dozen rocket attacks on government checkpoints in the region, declaring that their war has just begun.
-In response to the violence, the Junta once again announces that elections are approaching, setting a date for early in the new year after a delay to deal with the terrorist situation. The intelligence services and government are inspected high and low for any signs of foreign influence, and many are forced to resign due to suspected conflicts of interest, such as investment in Eurasian energy firms. Still, nothing conclusive is found, and tensions between the civilian government and Junta are heightened.
-More assistance is sent to Pakistan vis-a-vis the Gulenist Islamic Society. With longtime ally China increasingly undependable, Pakistan quickly begins to turn towards Turkey for developmental assistance, especially in the battle against the latent Taliban forces in the tribal regions of the west.
-Turkey continues to build its ties with the rest of its East Entente partners, playing a significant role in bringing Azerbaijan to the negotiating table and finding a solution to its conflict with Armenia. Turkish diplomats also receive Moldova’s commitment to join the East Entente after promising a significant aid package, though many in the tiny eastern European nation are still afraid of baiting in a Eurasian attack that would then have to be repelled by the relatively small nations of the Entente.
-A program of free transport for Kurds travelling from the southeast to Kurdistan is instituted along with stronger border controls, including EOD squads. While this results in a number of potential terrorists being stopped at the border, the free transport program soon has to be ended outright due to the increase in anti-government attacks.
-With the need to fight an increase in terrorism and world tensions still at a high, Turkey ramps up incentives for conscripts to join up as career soldiers. Between these and women volunteers, the total size of the armed forces breaks 500,000, with a substantial reserve of 400,000.
-As the Trans-Caucasian Highway reaches completion, the public works program shifts its focus to poorer areas in Kurdistan and eastern Anatolia, bringing modernizations such as expanded telecommunications and centralized water supplies. Work in Kurdish regions of Turkey proves to be dangerous, however, as crews are frequently attacked by the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks, leading to several deaths of soldiers on work crews due to ambushes and roadside bombs.
-In preparation for the elections after an extended military rule, Istanbul and Ankara see a program of fortification to ensure no terrorist activity can interfere, such as building sandbag bunkers on street corners, preparing bomb squads at critical sites, and placing snipers at high vantage points across the cities. The army hopes that this will not only deter further attacks in the city centers but give voters the confidence to go to the polls without fear of attack.
-Though its debts remain significant, the Turkish government hopes to speed recovery by offering a small stimulus package to the citizenry designed around subsidizing certain key goods and lowering the cost of living through housing grants. This helps the absolute bottom of the economy, but its limited scope is unable to reach much further up.
-After the attack on the Borsa, cybersecurity researchers design a program that can better track suspicious requests to servers such as those used by the exchange, creating an emergency shutdown mechanism that can minimize the damage of further attacks and making them riskier for the intruder. This restores some confidence in the Turkish market, but more comprehensive measures will be needed in the future.

BrazilFlag
YogiTheWise - Federative Republic of Brazil
Head of State/Government: President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Worker’s Party)
Credit Rating: B+ (Positive Outlook)

-Brazil becomes the latest nation to receive the Japanese datalink systems, as well as industrial robotic manipulators, all in exchange for Brazilian anti-spyware capabilities and cooperation on genetically modification research. This research could prove handy to the relatively small domestic agricultural industry of Japan, expanding its production possibilities for ever popular rice products.
-Trade and economic co-dependency with Uruguay and Bolivia are encouraged as Brazil looks to its western neighbors to diversify its trading. Both accept, with Bolivia particularly interested the possibility of a left-wing neighbor mediating the Gas Wars and finding the possibility of regional co-dependence an alternative to interference coming from the northern hemisphere.
-As Brazil continues to wipe out the favelas, the public housing that replaces it is made a tool of law enforcement, as the process of obtaining a home is made easy for those who have been displaced with no criminal record, while those with even those with evidence minor offenses or suspicion of major offenses are cast out onto the streets. While this reduces the probability of first-time offences, it also leads to many repeat offenders going to extremes to get the money for a home, often finding their new home behind bars.
-Continuing its IT developments, Brazil decides to create its own operating system for use by the military and intelligence, focusing on communications security and the ability to perform a wide variety of defence-related functions, such as the newly-acquired datalink. The result is RiOS (stylized with a double O and pronounced Rio-OS), a linux distro that is quickly loaded into defence systems and comes with SpyNet’s capabilities built-in.
-Brazilian farmers are encouraged to use the new GMO crops with several restrictions eased to allow acquisition of seeds as well as traditional interbreeding with these "super-crops." No doubt this will result in a bit of experimenting by lower-class farmers looking for a way to compete with the big estates, who will no longer be the only ones to benefit from these crops and their effectiveness.
-This ruling comes as Brazilian researchers apply their GMO research to improve nutrition and growth rates of several staple crops, most notably rice and wheat. A major extension of the GMO program, this could lead to hunger being not only greatly diminished in Brazil, but in neighboring nations that benefit from the lower prices and higher quality of Brazilian agriculture.

FranceFlag
Milkdairy - Republic of France
Head of State: President Jacques Chirac (Union for a Popular Movement)
Head of Government: Jean-Pierre Raffarin (Union for a Popular Movement)
Credit Rating: AA (Positive Outlook)

-At France’s request, the EU overhauls its refugee policy as a an addendum to the Schengen Agreement. The burden of dealing with refugees is distributed equally among member states based on their ability to provide for the newcomers. This new quota system is backed by harsh financial and legal penalties to ensure all members uphold their duty to the agreement. With many refugees coming in Somalia due to the conflict there, the new system will ensure that no one state receives too much of the burden due to its relative attractiveness to the displaced.
-In a major restructuring of France’s military, France joins the European Strategic Alliance Treaty and forms several joint Franco-German units, many of which also incorporate forces from the Netherlands and Belgium. Several other members agree to join, but it is clear that the Franco-German axis remains the lynchpin of this new military pact. Several joint projects including a joint Main Battle Tank and fully integrated naval forces are commissioned, but the main challenge is the steady integration of everything from ammunition types and transport vehicles to uniforms and kits. A new ESAT Air Force is organized in which the French Rafales are put into the ground-attack role and German Typhoons are assigned to focus on air superiority.
-One of the ESAT Air Force’s new capabilities will be the Fantôme stealth bomber, providing a strategic long-range strike capability to the alliance. With the design phase completed and the prototype model nearly ready to fly, photos circulate of a black, delta-winged aircraft with many similarities in appearance to the B-2 Spirit. It is expected that the craft will make its public and service debut at the Paris Air Show in 2005.
-In a major reversal of the policy of the previous Socialist government, the official working week is increased by two hours to 37 hours in order to retrieve some of France’s attractiveness from all the 40-hour countries. While conservative groups applaud the measure as necessary to restore France’s attractiveness, far-left groups riot against the “anti-worker” nature of this action. Regardless, the competitiveness of the French worker is restored somewhat.
-Another attempt to court growth comes in the form of a 10% tax break over five years for businesses who will put significant investment into their French operations and hire significant numbers of French workers. Several industrial intra-EU manufacturers take up the offer, raising investment in France.
-Along similar lines, a whopping 50% tax break over five years is offered for new entrants to the French market who plan to hire French workers and set up shop in France for the first time. A massive incentive, this plan hauls in several new entrants in several fields, mostly US and other western firms seeking to begin their first transnational or multi-domestic operations.
-With the technology for fusion reactors floating around, French researchers who have been researching the technology for years take the chance to release an even better version. The Aube (“Dawn”) reactor is the first of the “Generation 1.5” reactors and outputs a massive 2.5 gigawatts, enough to replace the capacity of several plants in the south of the country.

Turn 9: January 1st to June 30th 2004

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Political map of Turn 9

Post link: https://facepunch.com/showthread.php?t=1549436&p=52398205&viewfull=1#post52398205

World Events:

The Tide Turns in Thailand: Feeling spurned by Indochina after its turn towards the Chinese, Vladimir Putin authorizes substantial arms and material support to be sent to the Thai royalist military to defeat the insurrection. Initially consisting of small arms, thermal optics, and some light armored vehicles, involvement is quickly escalated as evidence mounts of Indochinese support for the rebels. Helicopter gunships and more armored vehicles are sent to the Royal Thai Army as well as advisors who are well trained in COIN tactics after the war in Afghanistan. The King’s forces begin to roll back the revolt to the Indochinese border leading to a significant incident as several border guards are killed in an aerial attack
Disputed Presidential Election in Serbia: In Serbia and Montenegro, Tomislav Nikolić of the Serbian Radical Party secures a narrow victory in the Serbian presidential election in spite of widespread allegations of voter fraud and disinformation. His rival, Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić alleges that a major campaign of “fake news” was waged against him to drive up nationalist sentiment, and that several irregularities appeared in the second round of the election in districts that would be expected to favor him slightly.
The US Gears up for Vital Elections: After a heavily publicized Republican primary season, the insurgent Republican candidate Donald Trump fails to win significant support on Super Tuesday, with most mainstream Republicans convinced he is too volatile to lead and that only Rudy Giuliani could challenge Al Gore with his near-martyrdom status. The party conventions will begin in July, but both are expected to challenge the other’s leadership qualities, with Republicans arguing that Gore has not done enough about terrorism across the Middle East and Democrats arguing that he has done the best possible to prevent more American lives from being lost in an intractable War on Terror. Discussion on the topic can be found here.
Pro-Democracy Coup d'état in Equatorial Guinea: After months of growing anti-government sentiment fed by leaflets claiming to have evidence of corruption by President Mbasogo, a group several dozen elite South African mercenaries arrive in Malabo to do battle with the presidential guard. A swift battle sees Mbasogo taken hostage in his residence while he waits for his small but loyal military to arrive. They fail to show up however, as the extremely well-financed mercenaries have offered the generals an offer they couldn’t refuse, including a doubling of the wage for every single soldier in the small army. Severo Moto returns to the country to establish a transition government, and is expected to fully return to power in elections scheduled for late July. The coup is not totally supported by all of Africa, as Robert Mugabe claims the mercenaries to be paid by British and Siberian oil companies looking to break into the small nation’s rich oil reserves, however the All African Accord is unable to come to a consensus on what action should be taken.
Revolution in Azerbaijan: Shortly after the death of Heydar Aliyev, a series of scandals ranging from leaked financial dealings to sexual perversions derail his son’s attempts to establish a political dynasty. The leaderless Yox! movement swells in size and shuts down Baku with major pro-western protests throughout February before the election board nullifies October’s results to prevent further escalation. Snap elections called in the early spring result are swept by former acting president and opposition leader Isa Gambar, who promises to further governmental reforms and orient the country away from its Soviet past.
Secret Wars Exposed: Not long after Eurasian support begins to reverse the course of the war in Thailand, Indochinese advisors from the Jungle Tigers are photographed training Thai rebels in Trat province, and crates of North-Korean made weapons are filmed as they are shipped across the border into Surin province. The identities of several Indochinese soldiers advising the ethnic nationalists are released to the Straits Times of Singapore, inflaming tensions between the two nations and leading to an escalation on the Thai-Indochinese border that sees several Indochinese soldiers killed in a Thai helicopter raid. Meanwhile, Turkey releases what it says is evidence that the “Flash Crash” of last year was caused by manipulation of the stock market by shell companies connected to Eurasian state oil. Even more concerning is the accusation by the CIA that these companies funded the transport of several Al-Qaeda members and weapons to nations bordering Turkey, leading both the US and Turkey to accuse Eurasia of supporting the recent terrorist attacks against Turkey.
The East Entente Rises: Not long after the evidence of Eurasia’s meddling begins to trickle through, the US Senate agrees to sign a treaty with the East Entente agreeing to enter its mutual defense agreement. Once seen as a smaller, weaker version of NATO for those who couldn’t get permission to enter the transatlantic alliance, the Entente becomes one of the largest players in regional geopolitics overnight, and the friction it has with Eurasia could easily escalate into the great conflict the world has feared for generations.
A New Alliance in the Pacific: Formalizing an alliance that not long ago would have turned many heads, Japan and South Korea announce the Pacific Rim Strategic Cooperation Agreement, a defensive pact that will see one defend the other if attacked by an outsider. Though a great deal of old blood remains between these two modern Asian powerhouses, the uncertainty about other much larger powers as well as the ever-unpredictable North Korea paves the way for this union of pragmatism. Australia and New Zealand join as well, and Indochinese actions lead to Indonesia and the Philippines joining the agreement later on. With Japan’s revisions to the constitution, its involvement with its allies in defending an unpredictable region is only growing.
The Political Shift in Europe: Elections in the European Parliament result in an unprecedented sweep for the Party of European Socialists, which dethrones the European People’s Party due to gains in Germany, France, and the UK. The EPP is also suffering a rejection of their moderate conservative policies in favor of more right-wing nationalist platforms offered by France’s National Front, which has re-established its brand after the dismissal of Jean-Marie Le Pen, and the Austrian Freedom Party, which has Eurosceptic tendencies and challenges the Pan-European ideal in favor of a Pan-German ideology. The result is a perfect storm for the the PES, which establishes a slight majority of 330 seats that essentially gives the party and its leader, Martin Schulz, total legislative power over the European Union
Morales Takes Power in Bolivia: Left-wing protests over the exploitation of gas resources by the west lead to a color revolution as the Bolivian people protest in favor of a Chavez-style nationalization of energy resources. Brazil brokers a deal by which the current government calls a snap election, resulting in the election of Evo Morales and his Bolivarian administration. Alongside Chavez and Lula da Silva, the Latin American left is rapidly ascending
The War on Terror Continues: A major terror attack against Madrid’s railways is foiled as an Al-Qaeda cell is discovered with bomb making materials, resulting in several police fatalities after the terrorists start a futile gun battle with police. Meanwhile, the Turkish government cracks down on terror of all kinds, receiving intelligence and material support from the US and allies from the East Entente and beyond to battle Islamist and Kurdish insurgents and take back control of the southeast.

Player Events:

USAFlag
joshuadim - The United States of America
Head of State/Government: President Albert “Al” Gore (Democratic Party)

-Sanctions against China continue to be ratcheted up in an era of rough relations between the two nations. In signing the new sanctions regime, President Gore reminds the nation of what he describes as the illegal annexation of Bhutan and the abuses against Uighur minorities in Xinjiang Province. With the new government rolling back these activities and calling them a legacy of the Communist Party, there is anti-sanctions sentiment among many wealthy investors who want a chance to do business with the new China, and some of these aligned to the Democrats threaten to withdraw funding from the Gore in ‘04 campaign unless the sanctions are reduced.
-The most major event to shake up relations with the Utilitarian Technate of China is the end of the “One China Policy” as the United States formally recognizes the Republic of China as the sole legitimate authority over its current territory. The recognition of a second China is largely symbolic, as the Taiwanese still claim the whole of China and are themselves in the midst of re-evaluating their policy on the UTC. They do still open a small embassy on U Street in Washington, giving Taiwanese citizens their first official diplomatic center abroad.
-In a major policy shift to address claims that the administration was soft on Eurasia, Gore rallies Congress to pass a bill extending American protection to the East Entente. A major coup for the small alliance, member nations that were not already protected by the US military and nuclear umbrella via NATO are extended these guarantees of their sovereignty. Citizens in the US and the government in Moscow both protest the perceived march to war between the US and resurgent superpower of Eurasia, but many in the US government and population are still convinced the twin nuclear attacks must have been the responsibility of Eurasia and an attempt to stealthily take out its largest potential opponents.
-More American-designed fusion reactors are constructed in Egypt and Japan, bringing both of these countries much closer to energy independence, which many in the US hope will be a contributor to stability in the Middle East and Asia.
-In the largest ever war games conducted on and near the Korean Peninsula, the annual Foal Eagle exercises see American contributions doubled. The same increases are seen in the logistics-focused RSOI exercises. The response from the North is the same old angry conjecture, but satellite imagery shows a noticeably reduced response to the foreign wargaming, with fewer divisions moved to the response area.
-At home, the election campaign of 2004 is under full swing as Gore’s re-election efforts target the east coast, rust belt, great lakes areas, and the west coast with rallies and speeches. Gore’s efforts focus on running a positive campaign, highlighting Gore’s leadership during some of the most difficult times the nation has faced and chalking him up to be a “New FDR.” With the Republican primaries concluding in an apparent victory for former New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani, Gore takes several bold actions to secure his re-election. In addition to signing a reform of the Department of Veterans Affairs into law, he promises paid maternity leave guarantees for women across all income brackets. Gore hopes that these promises will win the hearts of the public, but Giuliani dismisses it as just more liberal tax-and-spend.
-Continuing to drive the hard line with China and punish US firms that do business with the Chinese, a greater import tariff is slapped on goods produced by US companies making their goods in China, while tax breaks are introduced to encourage the return of US-based production. Already suffering due to the slow consumer goods market and dependence on Mac software, Apple’s China-made iPod is effectively killed in its cradle, and will be remembered as a failed product as Microsoft exploits the chance to push its now-legendary Zune media player.
-After extensive trialing, the F-35A and F-35C joint-strike fighter is rolled out for combat duty, replacing several squadrons of F-16s and F-18Cs. A leap forward in universalizing stealth aircraft across multiple roles, it is a potent upgrade for the squadrons that will have the chance to fly them.
-Harnessing the power of ever-shrinking fusion reactors, a directed Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) weapon is developed that can destroy circuits to render certain electrical systems inoperable. While the device uses a highly focused beam with a small target area and most hostile military systems are hardened against EMP interference, the system could be highly effective at defeating car bombs or communications systems used by terrorists. A variant of the 747 merges the functions of the EC-130 Compass Call with a small-form fusion reactor to carry out testing of these functions and excels in these tasks, a boon to counterterrorism.

JapanFlag
Mallow234 - Japan
Head of State: Emperor Akihito
Head of Government: Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi (Liberal Democratic Party)

-Formalizing an alliance that not long ago would have turned many heads, Japan and South Korea announce the Pacific Rim Strategic Cooperation Agreement, a defensive pact that will see one defend the other if attacked by an outsider. Though a great deal of old blood remains between these two modern Asian powerhouses, the uncertainty about other much larger powers as well as the ever-unpredictable North Korea paves the way for this union of pragmatism.
-Not long after the announcement, Australia and New Zealand join the agreement as well. Initial declinations by the Philippines and Indonesia are later reversed after evidence of Indochina’s suspected involvement in the Thailand conflict leaks online, prompting fears of more expansionism by this rising power.
-In order to make this alliance functional, Prime Minister Koizumi asks the Diet for and receives an amendment to Article 9 of the Constitution removing the prohibition on war for the purposes of defending Japan and her allies. A massive shift in Japan’s post-WWII history, the minority on the left denounces and heavily protests this revision as the gateway to Japan’s involvement in foreign wars. With the definitions of “defense” and “allies” left open to interpretation, Japan’s forces are no longer just for self-defense.
-Always on the cutting edge of military technology, Japan licenses the production of the EU’s AIM-132 Meteor air-to-air missile, beginning production of a full order of 1000 of this long-range, high maneuverability design.
-With the fear of nuclear terrorism still at a height, ever more stringent inspection regimes are implemented for ships arriving at Japan’s major ports. The Coast Guard is given the mammoth task of inspecting every ship with Geiger counters far offshore as they queue for entry. This inevitably slows down the entry process somewhat and strains the coast guard’s resources, but with little drug crime in Japan they have few other responsibilities and shippers are more or less willing to deal with the delays.
-With assistance from American advisors, Japan begins building its first fusion reactors, with two initially planned outside Sendai and Kyoto. Though still a major expense in this early phase, the reactors will allow Japan to reach its goals for nuclear energy production much sooner, reducing the need for foreign energy imports.
-Rather than try fancy solutions like quantitative easing, Prime Minister Koizumi instead directs the government to print 65 billion yen to drive the competitiveness of Japanese exports and spurn investment. Though initially successful, the real test will be to see if Japan can sustain its growth in the years to come or if a cycle of inflation will begin.
-Japanese researchers working with graphite discover an unusual substance observable via electron microscopes. The main subcomponent in coal, graphite, and other allotropes, graphene is 200 times stronger than steel and conducts heat and electricity easily. With the possibility of one-upping carbon fiber, the scientific community is excited at the potential of this material and its implications for computing, nano design, and more.

UtilitarianTechnateofChinaFlag
Malos - People’s Republic of China
Head of State: Overseer of the Utilitarian Technate Marshall Guo Boxiong (Technocratic Committee)
Head of Government: Technate Committee Chair Justin Yifu Lin (Technocratic Committee)
Credit Rating: CC- (Positive Outlook)

-The People’s Liberation Army undergoes a rebranding as the Technocratic Defence Service of China, replacing old iconography and medals with more fitting ones. Largely a cosmetic change, the victory over India has provided the opportunity to hand out plenty more new medals, though the military’s structure and equipment is largely unchanged.
-With the fusion age entering full swing, China and France agree to work together to build smaller, more powerful, and ever more efficient reactors. With France able to bring in decades of fusion research and a long history of nuclear expertise, China’s own programs begin to benefit substantially. Talk of a “post-energy” future begins as the Sino-French project makes its first breakthrough with a reactor that breaks the two gigawatt barrier without a substantially larger unit or significantly more material. In order to supply the needs of this first unit, large extractions of deuterium and tritium begin in the west.
-The One-Child Policy, long a human rights debacle, is rolled back somewhat to allow for a second child if that child is a female. Aimed at preserving the Hukou housing system and staving off a demographic crisis, it is a major relief for families and reduces the number of forced abortions substantially, though the system is still not accepted as perfect by activists.
-Facing a wave of international condemnation, the new government of China declares the persecution of Xinjiang and the human rights abuses going on there to be a legacy of the Communist Party and rolls back the vast majority of these actions, limiting them only to inspections of vehicles travelling to and from the region.
-China’s new political culture continues to form as the “Utilitarian Technocratic Foundation of China” is founded as a semi-political organ to control entry into the government. Membership is restricted to those who have completed secondary education with honours in their last year and mobility within the foundation is based on expertise, knowledge, and education. The aesthetic of China’s new rules is stressed as it is mandated that all UTFC officials wear double-breasted suits instead of single-breasted, with black ties made of a nice material and a small Technocracy lapel pin. Truly, the Mao suit is out.
-In Chinese-controlled Bhutan, several reforms are made to integrate with the rest of China. Environmental regulations are kept, but infrastructure is revamped to build ties with the other provinces and cut them with India. The fate of Bhutan’s king is turned over to the International Criminal Court due to allegations that he committed ethnic cleansing against the Lhotshampa people, a charge that he denies. Nevertheless, the king’s exit sees the return of many Lhotshampa people who are willing to hedge their bets under the new regime.
-At the former site of Tiananmen Square in the Beijing, the “Remembrance Plaza” is opened to the public. A sprawling memorial covering the whole area of the former square, the plaza commemorates both the victims of the nuclear attack and the casualties from the war with India in several monuments and displays across the area, centered around a large spire at the site of the detonation, reaching into the heavens and signalling the city’s rise from the ruins.
-As rebuilding continues both in Beijing and the greater economy, the new government tries to play the impact of the last few years’ events to their advantage, bringing back much of the ultra low-cost labor that had moved into many other Asian countries as the PRC was growing its middle class and shifting to more sophisticated manufacturing. While a good way of getting the economy back on its feet in the short term, few desire to stay in this market over the long term.

EurasianFlag
Griffster26 - Eurasian Federation
Head of State: Supreme Leader Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Unity Party)
Head of Government: Premier Alexander Lukashenko (Independent)

-Eurasia’s role in the Middle East is strengthened as support continues flowing to Iraq and Kurdistan in support of government campaigns against Al-Qaeda. With all the outside support, terrorist elements are largely suppressed or pushed out in these countries, and many cross the border to Turkey or try to melt away into other corners of the Arab world.
-Another major dimension of this outreach is an alliance offered to Syria. Though an initial offer to simply join the Eurasian Union as a constituent state is declined, Assad’s government agrees to step up military cooperation and Eurasian advisors arrive at the port of Tartous to begin training the Syrians in the kind of counter-insurgency warfare that could thwart a jihadist uprising. The offer to join Eurasia has been received with mixed reactions in the populace, as the strengthened backing of Eurasia’s massive forces could permanently secure the country against an ethnic eruption, though most Sunnis view it as simply masked imperialism from a heathen power.
-The Maoist government in Nepal also receives an offer to join Eurasia, however this notion is brushed aside as impractical and unnecessary, as India is greatly weakened after its conflict with China.
-Much of Eurasia’s focus now turns to Ukraine, whose membership in the now US-backed East Entente poses a serious barrier to Eurasian geopolitical ambitions. Taking a softer tone, more diplomatic and trade support is given to the Ukrainian government, and they are reminded that no matter the status of their relationship with Eurasia, they will still be allowed to trade with the EU and Eurasia in equal capacities. While this reduces the hostile sentiment from pro-EU elements within Ukraine, it seems unlikely that Ukraine will reevaluate its position in an increasingly valuable alliance any time soon.
-The most significant Eurasian support goes to Thailand, however, as small arms, vehicles including BMP-2 IFVs and Mi-28 attack helicopters, and logistical support are provided to the Thai government in support against Indochina-backed ethnic nationalists. With the Royal Thai Military’s equipment for conducting counter-insurgent warfare seriously outdated, this is a major boost to their campaign. King Bhumibol Adulyadej sends personal thanks and congratulations to newly re-elected Supreme Leader Putin as a sign of gratitude unprecedented from a Thai monarch.
-At home, Vladimir Putin once again claims victory in a surprisingly contested presidential election, with Eurasia Party leader Aleksandr Dugin only a few points behind. In the face of widespread accusations of interference, the Putin government simply points to the popularity of new parties as a sign that democracy is alive and well, even if the choices seem to be “National Bolshevism” and “Diet National Bolshevism”.
-The shift in Eurasia’s internal politics continue as the Dugin’s Eurasia Party merges with Limonov’s National Bolshevist Party to form the United Eurasia Party (Единая Партия Евразии, Yedinaya Partiya Yevrazii, YPY/ЕПЕ), a new powerhouse in Eurasian politics that promises to not just restore the full superpower status of the Soviet Union, but to supersede the United States and become the dominant world power.
-In spite of Eurasia’s massive oil and gas drilling capacity, solar power fields begin construction across the country to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. The government hopes that reducing domestic consumption will lead to cleaner air, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and increase sales to foreign markets.

EgyptFlag
Native Hunter - Arab Republic of Egypt
Head of State: President Ahmed Shafik (Independent)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Farouk El-Baz (Free Egyptians Party)

-After the massive offensive against terrorist and criminal elements in Somalia, a division of motorized infantry remains in the south of the country as part of UNOSOM III’s effort to keep the country stable. Surprisingly, a few sporadic attacks are still reported, though no casualties result. For Somalia, it seems a stronger government will be needed to reduce the need for these occupation forces to keep order
-Though slowed by expenses, Egypt continues its major overhaul of the military, focusing on the navy and air force. With two carriers already under construction and several long-range Tut I CAS aircraft added to the roster, it seems power projection is the name of the game for Egypt’s military strategy.
-Several reforms improving workplace standards and safety are pushed through to improve the general situation for resident and migrant workers in Egypt. Like most such reforms, they are popular with the lower classes and challenged by conservatives who see them as anti-competitive. The center-left Free Egyptians-dominated government is unfazed, arguing that too many “pro-competition” laws will leave them as just another sweatshop nation at a time when building a middle class is the goal.
-To that end, small business is encouraged with more grants that see even some of the ubiquitous kebab stands expand into larger businesses. Tourist hot spots are a major target of these grants, as the government hopes it can bring in more foreign currency via its resorts at Sharm El-Sheikh and along the Red Sea.
-Manufacturing subsidies are also applied, as the government seeks an economy that can make real goods rather than just crops and tourist value. With so many developments in Egypt’s military aviation, aerospace, and science sectors producing engineers, Textron signs a major deal to produce its Beechcraft, Bell, and Cessna lines in Egypt for the whole MENA region. This has the reciprocal effect of attracting even more aviation talent to Egypt.
-After some re-wording, Egypt and the rest of Africa finally sign the All-Africa Accord. This defensive pact will no longer defend tyrants against the outside world, but is solely for preventing the sort of imperialism seen in the 19th and 20th centuries. While a blatant attack from the outside seems unlikely, many are still eyeing China’s still-large business footprint on the continent with suspicion.
-After long negotiations with other AU members, an agreement is finally reached to readmit the country to the continental body. One sticking point for other nations is the continued membership of Western Sahara in the African Union, which leads to a few awkward encounters at the Cairo headquarters. Still, all agree that it is best the dispute is solved between equal members of the AU, even if the agreement still seems a ways off.
-Seeing Indochina’s success with rice and starch-based bioasphalt, Egypt adopts its own mixture based on various refuse from crops that grow along the Nile. The new asphalt helps cut down on the scorching heat in cities like Cairo as roads are slowly repaved with the mixture, and dependence on oil sees a small drop as well.

ArmeniaFlag
Jsoldier - Republic of Armenia
Head of State: President Robert Kocharyan (National Democratic Union)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan (National Democratic Union)

-Declaring its support for regional ally Turkey in its struggles against terrorism, Armenian commandos travel to eastern Anatolia to assist the largely conscripted Turkish army against militant islamists, which could pose a threat back home if allowed to spread. As revelations about Eurasia’s suspected involvement in the terrorist attacks grow more numerous with several prominent leaks, Armenian involvement risks a Eurasian response, the government presses on as American backing is added to the East Entente.
-Playing it safe, the military requests permission to recruit more soldiers, resulting in government approval of a 15% increase in ground troops by the end of the year and the purchase of several secondhand Mirage 2000-5D fighters from Taiwan to introduce a basic air superiority capability.
-With neighboring Azerbaijan in a succession crisis following the death of Aliyev the elder, Armenia throws its weight behind the leaderless Yox! pro-democratic movement, declaring it “the only force that can secure an immediate and lasting peace in the region.” While this drives many hardliners towards the Aliyev family, the gamble pays off overall as scandal after scandal torpedo any chance of their political dynasty being established and leads to the beginnings of a democratic transition in Azerbaijan.
-Armenia continues to work towards forming a confederation with Georgia as more trade and defensive arrangements are made. The Georgians insist that a truly viable multi-ethnic state will need to include the Azeris, who are currently preoccupied, but the democratic revolution there seems to be opening the door to a future supranational state.
-Commemorating the historic accord between Armenia and Azerbaijan, a monument depicting Robert Kocharyan and Heydar Aliyev shaking hands is erected on the new border. The twin statues are scaled down a bit after the revelations about Aliyev’s escapades leak to the press, and it doesn’t take long for Azeri pranksters to suggestively douse Heydar’s statue in gold paint.
-As the dust finally settles in Azerbaijan, the Armenian government tries to encourage people to look beyond the local troubles and encourage a kind of regional nationalism, primarily by holding a Caucasian Peoples’ Parade in Yerevan. Largely a cultural event, it draws in several prominent representatives from the three nations as they draw closer together.
-Education reforms introduce a second language requirement, with western and Caucasian languages favored and third languages highly encouraged. Regional history is taught in increasing volumes as well, as the government encourages the youth to look beyond their borders.
-A round of tax enforcement goes out as Armenia makes an effort to prove to its creditors it will pay down its debts. Though its projects have been grandiose compared to others in the region, occasional austerity and strong budgeting have encouraged investors to trust the judgement of the Armenian government with their returns.
-With the cyber attack in Turkey jarring many at Armenia’s still-new stock exchange, cybersecurity is increased further and new currency protection measures are imposed. This primarily consists of anti-counterfeiting measures on newly printed currency, but also is designed to prevent artificial transactions involving digital money as online payment grows in popularity.
-Attempting to further its economic advantages and find some direction, an Armenian Economic Development Center is organized and brings in economists from around the world to develop Armenia’s strategy for surviving globalization. The most interesting suggestions come from Dutch and Singaporean experts who suggest mimicking the models of these small states. While not a world port like these nations, greatly reduced corruption and increasing democratic practices could lead it to be a regional banking hub for those wishing to do business in the region but afraid of latent corruption in Eurasian and Turkish banks.
-The first electric city buses roll out in Yerevan, channeling fusion-sourced energy from overhead wires with flexible pantographs. Unlike trolleys, these buses can flow and merge with normal traffic and pull over to bus stops, while needing less maintenance.

GermanyFlag
Trebgarta - Federal Republic of Germany
Head of State: President Johannes Rau (Social Democratic Party)
Head of Government: Chancellor Gerhard Schröder (Social Democratic Party)

-ESAT military drills with the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, and Austria are organized in several different environments including the coast off of Kiel and the Bavarian Alps. The tests are largely designed to stress-test the integration of ESAT forces in various operational environments, smoothing out several kinks in the process, such as the Austrians’ difficulty in working with the much more complex ESAT aerial forces.
-With the new Meteor air-to-air missile rolling out and improving ESAT’s BVR capabilities, a new short-range missile is successfully prototyped to fill the gap currently held by the aging AIM-9 Sidewinders. Heavily influenced by the R-73 “Vympel” missiles inherited from the DDR, the IRIS-T features highly sensitive infrared sensors, AI that can better distinguish flares from an engine, and a turning radius that allows it to better find its mark against an enemy that is turning and burning in an attempt to evade.
-To better utilize these new missiles and expand ESAT multirole capabilities, dozens of additional Eurofighter Typhoons are ordered in their new Block 10 configuration. Capable of performing both the air-to-air role and carry out ground strikes with payloads of Paveway and ALARM weapons, these aircraft begin to quickly unseat the older F-16s of other ESAT members in this role.
-With Schulz in charge of the Europarliament, the body begins moving to a more continental system where German is encouraged to be treated as the second language of Europe rather than English. French is agreed to be elevated to a similar status due to the compatibility it has with the other Romance languages present in the bloc. The British are especially perturbed by this new direction, with English as lingua franca considered to be one of the last major legacies of the British Empire, but on the continent this is largely accepted as citizens of these nations can learn German or French with relative ease.
-Cyber defense comes under major review after the attack on the Turkish stock market. While it is concluded that the government itself is well-protected, critical sectors of the economy ranging from electrical networks to telecommunications and automated manufacturing are ordered to toughen up their defenses in exchange for a partial reimbursement or face a penalty. German cyber defenses increase significantly in the private sector as companies facing this dilemma conclude that there will be no better time to upgrade, lest they face consequences far greater than a tax penalty.
-Fully embracing fusion energy, Germany orders the construction of several reactors of the American design. Clunky but extremely efficient, the construction of the first trio of German-built fusion reactors lead to several small improvements that can be incorporated to cut down on the size of future designs and increase outputs. The government continuously pushes the message that fusion is clean and will never melt down, a final nail in the coffin for anti-nuclear advocacy groups.
-Expansions in biosciences and genetic research are also heavily supported by the government, not just through funding but the removal of several ethics regulations seen as burdensome. The goal is to create practical gene editing processes, something that could lead not only to disease and disorder prevention but also extend GMO-style research to livestock in a manner more scientific than traditional breeding. Animal rights activists have a cow, but their already-low reputation leads to them being largely ignored by the voting public.

GreenIndochinaFlag
Emperor Scorpious II - Green Indochinese Federal State
Head of State: President Trần Đức Lương (Green People’s Party)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Phan Văn Khải (Green People’s Party)

-A wave of nationalization sweeps Indochina as the government seizes control of all coal, natural gas, and other energy-related industries such as mining. Though fusion energy is being set up in the country, it seems the state has become so dedicated to environmental causes that it now desires to control every source of greenhouse gas emissions within reason. These companies lodge a half-hearted protest at the nationalization, but most realize that the emergence of fusion energy will see them pushed out of most of their business before much longer anyhow.
-While energy production falls under the total control of the government, chemical plants and general manufacturing actually see a decrease in general regulations regarding pay and production as long as they stay within the nation’s strict environmental standards, particularly regarding the dumping of waste materials and other potential pollutants. This sends the message that, to those industries that aren’t emitting greenhouse gases, the free market remains more or less open.
-Interestingly, Indochina’s involvement with fossil fuels is not totally being drawn down. Large shipments of Vietnamese coal are sent to Egypt, which is still using coal for energy production. Though a contradiction to the overall philosophy behind the only state to have its environmental policy in its name, it at least helps the government keep a stable budget.
-A new focus of Indochina’s environmental initiatives is its water. With only around 40% of the nation having consistent access to safe drinking water, new wastewater treatment plants are opened to try and recycle as much as possible to increase the supply. New regulations on wastewater dumping are put in place to minimize impact on the rivers key to Indochinese water supplies, with agriculture given some exceptions for use of wastewater on its own land so long as runoff prevention measures are put in place.
-As the insurgency in Indochina heats up with Eurasian support for the Thai government, the Indochinese move additional soldiers to the border with Thailand to prevent a spillover of the conflict. Not long after Indochinese support for the rebels leaks to the press, a Thai helicopter gunship raid kills several of these border guards, an event described by the Thai government as an accident but which has several Indochinese ministers calling for war.
-At the UN, an Indochinese delegation is sent to condemn what they call “Thailand’s war against its people.” With Eurasia supporting the Thai Government, the security council only gives a few empty platitudes calling for peace, and things really begin to turn against Indochina when the Straits Times publishes evidence from an unknown third party showing its involvement. Malaysia, which initially backed the Indochinese demands, begins to back away as it seeks not to be associated with any international condemnation.
-With war between ethnic rebels raging on its borders, Indochina requests that Thailand commit to safeguarding their portions of the Trans-Asian Railroad. While initially accepting this request with some reluctance, the Thais quickly back out after discovering Indochina’s apparent involvement and shut the border crossing to passenger movements, claiming the railway is being used to move “terrorists” from training camps to the front lines.
-After the success of its anti-piracy operations, the budget for the navy is expanded and several more destroyers are laid down. Though tensions are rising on the land borders, Indochina’s largest border is still at sea and the military wants to prepare for any eventuality.
-A significant trade deal comes for the Indochinese government comes in the form of the bulk export of fabrics and textiles to North Korea. With Chinese support for the DPRK coming into question, Indochina has been instrumental in supporting the Kim family, buying many of their export products in exchange for farm and textile products, reducing malnutrition and starvation in the Hermit Kingdom.
-Only years after it began its pursuit of Thorium reactors, Indochina moves to fully embrace fusion power, acquiring the materials necessary to build its first reactor. Based on the leaked American model, the reactor is able to be built from a plan to reality in less than a year, and a new facility to house it should be completed later in the year, complete with transmission wires to power Hanoi and northern Vietnam.

TurkeyFlag
JeSuisIkea - Republic of Turkey
Head of State: General Hüseyin Kıvrıkoğlu (Peace at Home Council)

-In a major coup for the East Entente, Turkey convinces its largest fellow NATO member, the United States, to commit to defending the East Entente in exchange for the alliance’s commitment to fighting terror. This comes as the US Senate reviews evidence discovered by Turkish and other intelligence sources regarding Eurasian interference in Turkey’s stability, leading to a consensus that more must be done, especially given the use of militant Islam. The revelation is a saving grace on the home front, as it partially vindicates the Junta among liberals in the populace who were growing impatient in their wait for a return to civilian rule.
-Troops from other East Entente nations begin arriving in southern Anatolia to put down the insurgencies by Islamist and Kurdish fighters, relieving local troops to go secure the cities. A door to door manhunt discovers dozens of small terrorist cells all preparing for action, leading to several pitched battles as most refuse to give up peacefully. The Junta tells the nation that “Turks will never let terrorists achieve their goal of making us live in fear,” though the country is on edge as even in the most sophisticated parts of Istanbul, terrorists could be right around the corner. Nevertheless, the gains made are significant, and a sense of normalcy begins to return by the summer.
-With the intelligence services and government largely purged, the hunt for traitors turns to the rest of society. Several border guards and airport officials are arrested on suspicion of accepting bribes, and a few with connections to the Eurasian shell companies are arrested, though it mostly seems this campaign was orchestrated from afar. Heavy rewards are offered for any more evidence, and whistleblower protection laws ensure that those in the protective services can call out corruption without fear of retribution.
-The authorities of the Kurdish Autonomy and independent Kurdistan are both consulted for assistance in defeating the radicals of the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks. As they are a threat to the stability of the whole Kurdish homeland, the authorities here agree to offer the best support they can and provide local guides as well as troops. The army then moves in, taking care to avoid as many civilian casualties as possible, often limiting its use of air support. Though this makes the campaign arduous, the government manages to re-establish effective control over its whole territory within two months. Insurgent attacks continue, but it is a major relief to regain control over the borders.
-With the source of the economic attack identified and new procedures established to prevent a further attack, a small stimulus is granted to the economy to try and bring back some faith in the economy. Some fears about terrorist attacks persist and are reflected in the Turkish stock market, but overall there is a feeling of a return to stability.
-Central to this recovery is the creation of a new digital management system for the stock exchange in Istanbul. Designed to use AI to prevent another flash crash, it identifies certain mass actions and prevents them from all executing simultaneously, and can call a halt to electronic trading if certain suspect conditions are met. The new program sees interest in many other nations, as few want to risk a similar disaster wiping value from their economy instantaneously.

BrazilFlag
YogiTheWise - Federative Republic of Brazil
Head of State/Government: President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Worker’s Party)

-Brazil joins in on the fusion revolution, opting to buy American fusion reactors straight from the source instead of pirating the designs over their fast internet. Two reactors and materials are slated to be imported by the end of the year, and grounds are broken for facilities to power Rio, Sao Paulo, and the surrounding region. Safety in handling the materials as they arrive for the US is made paramount. Having just completed its first fission reactors in 2001, Brazil is now moving rapidly into the age of atomic power.
-Brazilian coffee is marketed heavily in the US and European markets, promoting Brazilian beans as coming from the cleanest soil and producing the best taste and the most caffeine. Brazilian exporters are attempting to seize the largest mug from the global coffeepot as their Indochinese competitors dominate the market for sleepless work nights in Asia.
-As the recent recruitment program has swelled the size of the Brazilian military, extensive training is held to make sure these men are more than just soldiers on paper. The drills produce an above average number of washouts, but those that remain will truly be willing and able to secure the country instead of just securing a cot and free food.
-Hoping to bring some extra vibrance to the streets on the cheap, graffiti is decriminalized. Street art that has the consent of the property owner is encouraged, and non-consensual graffiti is no longer punishable by jail time, and instead by fines. The public housing projects are opened to artists who want to decorate the external walls, and huge murals are commissioned in the cities of Rio, Sao Paulo, and Brasília depicting national symbols and heroes. While the more frequent instances of illegal graffiti annoy the upper and middle classes, most agree that the extra color in the cities has helped promote Brazil as a trendy, modern destination.
-As overcrowding on bus networks has reached a peak and urban mobility is still largely dependent on smelly motorbikes and cars, Lula’s government decides to nationalize the few remaining publicly owned railway companies and take direct control. A new Electrical Multiple Unit, the Leopardo, is designed with assistance from assistance from Alstom, and a Sao Paulo-Rio De Janeiro-Bela Horizonte-Brasília passenger route is commissioned to relieve congestion on the busy roads linking these cities.
-Long a player in the small arms market since its first revolver in 1940, the Brazilian manufacturer Forjas Taurus S.A. debuts the ART556, its first 5.56 NATO assault rifle. A bullpup design with incorporating lightweight polymers, the most distinctive feature of this rifle is its rate of fire. Capable of unloading its 35-round magazine at a blistering 1100 rounds per minute, the design marries standard rifle accuracy with the ability to perform in the close quarters of urban and thick jungle environments.

FranceFlag
Milkdairy - Republic of France
Head of State: President Jacques Chirac (Union for a Popular Movement)
Head of Government: Jean-Pierre Raffarin (Union for a Popular Movement)

-France continues to grow its relationship with ESAT, aiming to become a truly indispensable member like Germany. To this end, increasingly more and more is spent on ESAT and less and less on the French military. While this angers the nationalists of the FN, who pledge to reverse these changes and withdraw from the agreement entirely, their lack of power against Chirac’s UMP sees further interoperability drills with the multinational force to prepare for the defense of Europe as a whole. French soldiers are offered a dual French/ESAT benefits scheme to convert to ESAT service, an offer most accept. The course of the year will see ESAT swell in size, largely at the expense of the regular French forces.
-Long the leading adopter of fission power and a pioneer of fusion power, France begins the transition to this new power source. Adapting the American design but incorporating extensive knowledge from years of experience with energy-negative fusion reactors, the French reactors come together relatively quickly and are some of the most streamlined designs available.
-ESAT’s French laboratories develop a revolutionary new ammunition. Referred to as “EXACTO”, these .50 cal or 20mm projectiles feature corrective fins that allow them to be guided for up to 10 kilometres in a manner similar to the TOW missile, allowing a rifleman and spotter to take out long-range targets with ease.

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